However, the most productive sesame farms are located in Greece, where largest productions per hectare were recorded in 2013. Within the region, Western zone Tigray had got the lion share in the region’s sesame area Kumar D. Arpitha Das, Mahato P, Lakshman SS, Mandi S. Identification key for notified varieties and varieties of common knowledge of jute (, Gebremariam G. Growth, yield and yield component of sesame (, Anilakumar RK, Pal A, Khanum F, Bawa AS. @(  €P The articles are of high quality and broad scope. Our study indicates that agro-morphological and genetic characterization of genotypes is useful and effective in determining polymorphisms in the sesame genotypes molecular genotyping, reproducible and it can also produce enough polymorphism to cluster and identify the genotypes. The pod length varied among the genotypes Fig. Rainy season in Humara starts in late May and ends in late September. 7). Among the ten sesame genotypes studied, the number of primary branches per plant was categorized as ‘more’ (5.93) and more (24.13) number of nodes per plant were recorded for M-80 while the highest (26.13) number of nodes per plant was scored from Humera-1. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency Agricultural Sample Survey 2017/18 (2010 EC)Vol I 2019. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category. Hab.) Article ID 7804621. Laboratory and field experiments were performed to characterize the agro-morphological and genetic diversity of sesame genotypes cultivated in Ethiopia. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. @(  €P Lanes L1 and L2 contain 100bp DNA ladder; Lane C represents the standard check; Lanes 1 to 10 contain amplified sesame products (1= ADI, 2=TATE, 3=HUMERA-1, 4=SERKAMO, 5=E, 6=SETIT-1, 7=ARGENA, 8=K-74, 9=S-BREEDER and 10=M-80). [43], in mung bean varieties. In addition, a study on harvest, transport, and storage losses has been undertaken to identify At least 20 publication records of articles and /or books related to the field of agricultural science or in a specific research field. NTSYSpc software analysis was used to determine the banding score, percent polymorphism and the number of polymorphic loci for each primer. of sesame produce 1 litre of oil that sells for Tsh 16,000. Seven to ten plants were randomly selected from each category: genotype and replication and labeled. Reliability of the RAPD technique for germplasm analysis of sesame (, Kumar H, Kaur G, Banga S. Molecular characterization and assessment of genetic diversity in sesame (. Nei M. Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations. Based on the stem pigmentation, the varieties were classified as medium (seven varieties) and strongly (three varieties) pigmented. Household Sesame production activities: Average crop coverage from Sesame was about 16 hectares per household. Seed Tech News 2002; 32(1): 200-1. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information. The Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources announced that 70-80 percent of sesame production is already harvested with Amhara and Tigray region almost done except some areas. Hence, the current study was designed with the following objectives:1) identification and grouping of varieties through morphological characters and Stem pigmentation can be affected by environmental factors such as temperature and light intensity and it is also genetically controlled [45]. The genotypes were further divided into three groups based on the flower hairiness. The number of polymorphic loci was 16 for primer 880 (least) and 100% for primers 811, 812 and 860. These genotypes were grouped into three groups as light four (Argene, E, S, and K-74), medium four (Humera-1, Serkamo, M-80, and Tate) and dark two (Adi and Setit-1) pigmented based on the intensity of anthocyanin pigmentation. Characterization of mung bean varieties for verification of genetic purity. The number of polymorphic loci was 9 (56.25%) for primer ISSR-880 (least level of polymorphism) and 100% for primers ISSR-811, ISSR-812 and ISSR-860 with numbers of polymorphic loci 15, 10 and 8, respectively. Oil crops production Highland oil crops - Sunflower, - Niger seed, - Rapeseed/mustard, - Linseed/flax - Castor, Lowland oil crops • sesame, • Soybean, • Safflower • Groundnut, etc. However, productivity of sesame is very low due to several reasons. Characterization of sesame genotypes through morphological, chemical and RAPD markers 2006. Sesame grows in Tigray, Amhara, Gambella, Benshangul Gumuz, Somalia, SNNP and Oromia regions in Ethiopia. In the Tigray region, the yield of sesame is almost similar to the national yield i.e., 6.10 Q/t and the area under sesame cultivation is 746,142.65 ha . However, the rest of the cultivars get free from the main cluster in the UPGMA dendrogram. By conducting a growth out test and for varietal identification through morphological characters, the plant and seed characters are well studied and thoroughly documented. The aggregate production statistics indicates that the average Sesame production is about 44 quintals per household. Yadav RDS, Srivastava JP. Pod length was found to be varied among the genotypes and grouped as ‘long “with a mean pod length of 2.44 cm. Remaining fifty percent of N2 was applied 30 days post sowing as a top dressing. Sesame Introduction • Sesame is grown in areas with … The project produced a number of education materials (sesame production, seed production, contract farming, co-operative philosophy, warehouse receipt system, and value Pham TD, Nguyen TT, Carlsson AS, Bui TM. According to CSA (2014), Tigray region had scored the second rank in terms of area coverage and production which was 28.74 and 29%, respectively. Suhasini KS. In the last decade, sesame production and marketing have shown a very significant growth. For instance, Neoug (Niger seed), sesame and linseed covered 2.8%, 2.48% and 1.61% of grain crop area, respectively; and about 1.11%, 1.27% and 0.91% of the grain production, respectively (CSA, 2009). Hence, genotypes having a long pod length might be preferred for seed production. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. Similar results were observed in chickpea genotypes [46]. DNA amplification was performed as described in a study [33]. 2). and special thanks goes to Afar research institute Melka-Worer centre for their provision of sesame genotypes. The production and distribution of quality seeds of improved varieties can alone result in 20-25 percent increased yield in self-pollinated crops and it is significantly higher cross-pollinated crops. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. ", "Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L. 2n=26), is a self-pollinated [1] member of the order Tubiflorae, family Pedaliaceae, and is one of the ancient and most important sources of a quality plant oil used by human beings [2]. Annual report of the Ministry of of Ethiopian agricultural research organization on sesame production and productivity 2002. The field experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with four replications in a gross plot size of 2.5 X 4.0 m. The land was plowed two times and leveled with the help of plank. ", "It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. The Sesame Business Network (SBN) Support Programme, in collaboration with Amhara and Tigray Sesame Business Network Newsletter Issue 5 November 2014 Field days: best sesame production technologies in northwest Ethiopia Region Agriculture Bureaus and Agriculture Research Institutions, is scaling out locally adapted and Morphological evaluation of sesame (, Gaikwad KB, Lal JP, Bhakre RL. The Regional State's Agriculture Bureau is working with farmers to switch from sesame to sorghum production. The findings presented in this paper may be a useful piece in the future to include more ISSR markers and induvial genotype investigation for detailed characterization of sesame germplasm that would be important for future breeding and sesame improvement program. Uzun B, Özbaş MO, Çanci H, Çağirgan MI. The band scoring revealed that out of the 11 primers selected, the least scorable bands (7 and 8) were produced by primers 818 and 860, respectively. Similar findings in these characters were earlier reported [42] in castor varieties and hybrids. The low productivity of sesame (0.72 t/ha) in Ethiopia, particularly in Tigray is often attributed to a lack of certified quality seed of improved varieties. Haljak et al. For arid areas like Humera, early maturing genotypes are more preferred than late matured ones. Glob. However, the rest of the cultivars escaped from the major cluster in UPGMA dendrograms. 90 to 120 frost free days are a typical requirement of the sesame plant. Likewise, the number of nodes per plant in all the genotypes was grouped as more nodes per plant i.e. Date June 10, 2013 Origin View original of Natl [ 38 ] Blume authored co-authored. University, Jena ( 2001 ) grain crops agricultural products of Ethiopia CSA... 2 weeks of final acceptance and environment variability S. study of genetic diversity of sesame genotypes were obtained from and! 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