Socrates versus Plato. Platonic Influence on St. Augustine's Philosophy. And, indeed, Christianity would be heavily influenced by Platonic ideals. The metaphysics of Socrates and Plato influenced so much the Western social and spiritual thought and brought enlightenment to the West that today WEST describes “Plato as philosophy and philosophy as Plato.” We It is objectively true, what’s really real, unchanging, eternal, Being, universal, and what’s recollected. That Plato influenced the Church Fathers cannot be overstated. Certainly, the similarities have long been commented upon. Plato man (Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered") (c. 427–c. The bottom of the line consists of imagination, relying on images to fill in the blanks. I love reading him. Plato's influence on modern thought has been profound, as the first thinker of the philosophical school of Idealism. Although Plato is predominantly considered a philosopher, he was also one of ancient Greece’s most acclaimed scientists. Plato seems to have been most influenced by Socrates, Pythagoras (and the Pythagoreans), Parmenides, and Heraclitus; much that we know of these philosophers comes through Plato himself. "Aldous Huxley’s City in Speech: Brave New World and the Republic of Plato" Paper presented at the annual meeting of The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004. But, theological and literary comparisons aside, if we approach this with purely historical point of view, I’m 99% sure there’s no way Plato could have been influenced by … Therefore, according to Momigliano, in Alien Wisdom, “it was Plato who made Persian wisdom thoroughly fashionable, though the exact place of Plato in the story is ambiguous and paradoxical.” i Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] From a lecture series presented by The Great Courses. Donald McQuarie "Utopia and Transcendence: An Analysis of Their Decline in Contemporary Science Fiction". Plato had begun his career as a writer of tragic plays. Plato was greatly influenced by Socrates. Until his mid-twenties, Athens was involved in a long and disastrous military conflict with Sparta, known as the Peloponnesian War. The Athenian logician Plato (c. 428–347 BC) is a standout amongst ancient Greek philosophers, and his ideas have formed the basis of much Western ideology. Plato's Apology is his version of the trial and the Phaedo, the death of Socrates. Plato’s limited view of rhetoric influenced Aristotle’s theory to an extent; however, Aristotle expanded greatly on Plato’s theory. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. Aristotle and Diogenes agree that Plato had some early association with either the philosophy of Heraclitus of Ephesus, or with one or more of that philosopher's followers (see Aristotle Metaph. More's island Utopia is also similar to Plato's Republic in some aspects, among them common property and the lack of privacy.[3][4][5][6]. Mathmaticals are higher because it allows you to measure (think about) the world around you without having to rely on your senses. It is not discernible which was released first; most likely Aristophanes had heard an early form of the Republic before it was completed and used it as the basis for Assemblywomen. The views of other philosophers, such as Isocrates, also contributed to Aristotle’s more moderate view "The Function of the Ideal in Plato's 'Republic' and St. Thomas More's 'Utopia' " by K. Corrigan, "Thomas More: On the Margins of Modernity " by, Franck, Matthew. Plato’s most brilliant pupil, however, arrived at a very different view. July 18, 2019. There was a clear instance of this when Socrates stumped the slave in the Meno (Meno, 108). Although not directly referenced at any point the Mega City One of 2000AD's Judge Dredd storyline has broad similarities to the Platonic Republic – mainly in that it is governed by a Guardian Class (the Judges) raised from infancy to govern in the interests of the polity and bound by far stricter rules than apply to the common citizen. It is beyond Being (Roochnik, 133). A Form is best described in terms of the Divided Line, where the left side of the line discusses the ontological sequence and what can be seen (Republic, 216). Although there are significant differences in the specifics of the system, Heinlein and Plato both describe systems of limited franchise, with a political class that has supposedly earned their power and wisely governs the whole. Plato was a major influence on the history of America. But when it comes to thinking about God and time and change, I encourage you to take your cues from the Bible, not Plato (and thus not traditional theology insofar as it’s influenced by him). 987a32, D.L. The bottom of the line consists of images, which are shadows or reflections of objects. Republic is specifically attacked in Starship Troopers. This half of the line is often called True Opinion because even though it is true, you do not know why it is true. 500 bce) seem to have influenced his philosophical program (they are criticized in the Phaedo and the Republic but receive respectful mention in the Philebus). Whitehead gave his assessment of Plato's influence saying; "the safest general characterization' of Western thought is that 'it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." Plato shared the Pythagorean ideas that ultimate reality has the perfection and abstraction of mathematical thought (the “forms”) and that such thought is the surest foundation for phi… Platos Influence in Western Culture 2 February 2017 Plato (429-347 B. C. E) is seen by many as one of the greatest philosophers of the classical period, if not of all time. Plato's Symposium), a witch and priestess from Mantinea, taught him all he knows about eros, or We can conclude that Plato was not blind to the civic and religious dangers created by Socrates. Plato became the primary Greek philosopher based on his ties to Socrates and Aristotle and the presence of his works, which were used until his academy closed in 529 A.D.; his works were then copied throughout Europe. The theory has been of incalculable influence in the history of Western psychology, philosophy and religion. The state formed by the women in this play bears many similarities to the ideal government described by Plato. Plato was also influenced by earlier philosophers, mainly Heraclitus, Parmenides, Zeno and the Pythagoreans(Pythagoras and his followers). Meno would argue that if you start at 0, you cannot move to 1 because you do not have the resources to comprehend what 1 is (Roochnik, 121). The effects of this influence can perhaps be seen in the mature Plato's conception of the sensible world as ceaselessly changing. Philosophically, Plato was influenced by a tradition of scepticism, including the scepticism of his teacher Socrates, who is also the star of Plato’s dialogues. But it is Socrates who is credited with having the greatest influence on him. Plato’s pagan views were influenced by philosophers such as Heraclitus (c. 600 BC) and the Pythagoreans (c. 500 BC). Aristotle 's Third Man Argument is its most famous criticism in antiquity. The experience of Jack in Emma Donoghue's 2010 novel "Room" contains many similarities to the experience of the people in Plato's Cave. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cultural_influence_of_Plato%27s_Republic&oldid=941034745, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 February 2020, at 05:54. Mathmaticals are placed above sensible things because math can be used as a universal to count all things. How Plato and Aristotle Influenced Scientific Thought. Much of Socrates' thought is mediated by Plato, as he appears as a character in Plato's dialogues. Plato (/ ˈ p l eɪ t oʊ / PLAY-toe; [2] Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn, pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Athenian philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist school of thought, and the Academy, the … , physical, reality theory of freedom of mind as advanced by his teacher, Socrates ’ m to. 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