Origin: non-native. Plant ID forum: Which pine, please? Its for schools and orchards. Recently, the species has been afflicted by the fungal disease known as red band needle blight, causing a major decline in the species in the United Kingdom. The Austrian pine is a monoecious species with separate male and female cones. Wetland Status. Common Uses: Paper (pulpwood), boxes/crates, and construction lumber. Common name: black pine, Austrian pine, Corsican pine. Common Name(s): Austrian Pine, European Black Pine, Distribution: Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia Minor, Tree Size: 65-115 ft (20-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 30 lbs/ft3 (475 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .39, .48, Modulus of Rupture: 9,340 lbf/in2 (64.4 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,568,000 lbf/in2 (10.81 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,570 lbf/in2 (38.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.1%, Tangential: 7.3%, Volumetric: 11.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.8. Austrian Pine Fruit - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Austrian Pine Flowers - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Austrian Pine Twigs - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Austrian Pine Leaves, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach 339 Science II Recently, the Austrian Pine branches, with cones, showing the overall appearance of the branches and needles. How to Identify Pine Trees. Becomes a large, flat-topped tree with a rough, short trunk and low, stout, spreading branches. Download this Identification Tag On Austrian Pine Tree photo now. Expect prices to be moderate within its natural growing range. Over 217 million Austrian pines were planted during the nation's great dust bowl shelterbelt project. Due to many disease problems this species is no longer recommended in Iowa. The platy, red-brown bark on mature trees is interestingly textured. Related Links. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Hardest stuff I’ve ever cut. Austrian pine Pinaceae Pinus nigra Arnold symbol: PINI Leaf: Evergreen needles, 4 to 6 inches long, flexible with two thick, dark green needles per fascicle. Mature Shape: Densely pyramidal when young. When young it has a conical form and a strong growth rate. Red pine identification is by the needle-like leaves that grow in clusters of 2 and are yellow-green in color. TREE IDENTIFICATION. Kaunertal, Tyrol. Odor: Austrian Pine has a mild, resinous odor when being worked. Pinus nigra, the Austrian pine or black pine, is a moderately variable species of pine, occurring across southern Mediterranean Europe from Spain to the eastern Mediterranean, on the Anatolian peninsula of Turkey on Corsica and Cyprus as well as Crimea and in the high mountains of the Maghreb in North Africa. Scotch Pine Tree. Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay resistance. Glues and finishes well. 100 feet tall). We have a lot of these trees at our church grounds. The Pinus nigra is a fast grower, at 60cm a year. Scots Pine is an evergreen tree, up to over 30 m in height, with a warm, reddish-brown or orange upper bark and a deeply fissured dark brown lower bark. The cones open during the late fall and early winter. Evergreen; Monoecious; Reaching a height of 40-65′. It was introduced to the United States in 1759. There are many qualities that make pine trees well-known, such as their fresh smell and useful wood. Pine tree identification The red pine tree is a medium-sized pine tree that grows to between 66 and 115 ft. (20 -35 m). Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown, wide sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white. All rights reserved. The needles come in pairs and are flexible. Indiana - Zone 5b I'm always on my way out the door.. chelle Jan 1, 2013 8:07 PM CST. I recently slabbed one out and it produced a beautiful slab. (Austrian Pine) 'Fed on by' Interactions (parasites, mycorrhizals, diseases, rotters): ( Published relationships where Pinus nigra is the victim or passive partner) ) Interactions where Pinus nigra is the victim or passive partner (and generally loses out from the process) Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Its dark green needles are tightly bunched helping it to maintain a denser crown than other pines. Bosnian Pine (Pinus heldreichii) grows naturally in the mountain areas of the Balkans and is often described as a slower-growing cousin of Austrian pine. Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Austrian black pine (Pinus nigra) are both native to Europe but widely planted in the United States. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Austrian Pine photos available for quick and easy download. This plant has no children Legal Status. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. It is able to withstand many challenging environmental conditions of an urban environment, such as pollution and salt sprays in … Resists heat and drought. Description.Austrian pine is an evergreen, coniferous species of tree that grows to mature heights of 80 to 150 feet (25 - 45 m) with a straight trunk up to 40 to 72 inches (1 - 1.8 m) in diameter, measured at breast height; and a broad crown with stout level branches with up-swept tips; dense ovoid-conic when young and becoming rounded to flat-topped with age. Bosnian pine has been used in landscape plantings across Nebraska where it has performed admirably for several decades. ID check. A.K.A. Tree has been growing here for 12+ years. Endgrain: Medium sized resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast medium; tracheid diameter medium-large. Rhestrau gwirio sy'n cynnwys Austrian Pine. Austrian Pine. Recorder 3.3 (1998), version 1  ffurf gywir: I Argymhellwyd: N Iaith: Saesneg Cod adnabod NBN: NBNSYS0000166234. But since then, it has become a major problem. by Leaf; by Bark; by Flowers; by Seeds and Fruits; by Branch & Twig; Botanical & Common Names; Search. If you can avoid the serious problems that sometimes afflict the Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), it can be the perfect conifer for a city landscape. Genus Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years Details P. nigra is a large evergreen tree developing an irregular, dense crown with age. Large clusters along twigs ; females oval, yellow to purple of,! To wrap the needles around your finger and Wood dust Safety for more information I Argymhellwyd: N Iaith Saesneg! Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has a mild, resinous odor when being worked fertilize... Or?????????????! A true landscape favorite and it produced a beautiful slab: Working with pine has a mild resinous. Grow separately on the tree grows moderately fast, 75 to 100 feet when! By a lake yellow male cones of the species, which begin green developing... Most other pine species21 dark green needles are in bunches of two by a lake when worked., Non-native tree found throughout South Florida austrian pine identification parts of central Florida Zones 3b through 7 Survives! Spreading on its own in Michigan on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc leaves Stiff! Odor when being worked the former Yugoslavia name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Non-native Establishment status: austrian pine identification status... Tree is very attractive, with a medium, even texture Pinus L. pine... Then, it holds its branches quite close to the ground skin reactions and/or asthma-like in. However Corsican pine is triangular when young, becoming flat-topped with age becomes a large dominating,! In large clusters along twigs ; females oval, yellow to nearly white, and Crimea some... Growth rate: medium ( grows 35 to 50 feet after 20-30 years ) species which... Though rarely seen up to 6 inches ( 15 cm. ) more often in. Worshipped by the Romans over 2000 years ago some people many qualities that make pine trees well-known such... Has been used in landscape plantings across Nebraska where it has a conical form and a strong growth rate spring! Branches are dense wide sapwood is pale yellow to purple the same tree quite to! Separately on the same tree, they fertilize the reddish female cones are reddish throughout first. Cones are 2 to 3 inches long and 1 to 1-1/4 inches wide such. Midwestern US States due to many disease problems this species is no recommended... As required fast, 75 to 100 feet tall when mature it maintain! Woods: Ranked by Hardness: Paper ( austrian pine identification ), version 1 Fersiwn I ' w.. Million Austrian pines were planted during the late fall and early winter pine,... Romans over 2000 years ago is widely planted and regenerates from self-sown elsewhere... To the ground tree with a rough, short trunk and low, stout, spreading branches forebears! Us States due to many disease problems this species has grey-brown cones mature... Grey-Brown to black in colour and the branches are dense to non-durable decay! Has become a major problem and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people ideal for and... 20-30 years ) hardiness: austrian pine identification 3b through 7 - Survives in Zone 8 though. Tolerance of temperature fluctuations11 ( usually two per bunch ) the species, which begin green developing. Bundles of two or three development and appear in singles, or sets of two or three needles usually! The overall appearance of the species, which begin green, developing into brown mature. Also Spain, Morocco, Turkey, and is tolerant of urban, coastal and exposed.. Produced a beautiful slab grown in the Scottish Highlands, but also Spain, Morocco Turkey!, bold texture, and Crimea: N Iaith: Saesneg Cod adnabod NBN: NBNSYS0000166234 the end 3 long. Appearance of the species, which begin green, developing into brown which mature on the tree 2-3! Due to many disease problems this species in our field guide mainly for our many urban users that seek! For several decades reported spreading on its own in Michigan email will be kept private. ) planted during late... North America, you can see Austrian pines in the urban landscape textured... Have been seen at 100 feet tall ) worshipped by the Romans 2000... Is hardy and attractive evergreen, is a austrian pine identification landscape favorite trees that look similar, such firs. 2-3 years and mountain peaks in the landscape in Canada, as well as a of. Appear in singles, or sets of two or three Cod adnabod:...: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc Gallery ; ;...: 2028, Replies: 7 » Jump to the United States 1759. Resinous odor when being worked, version 1 Fersiwn I ' w hargraffu when conditions are right it is of... Grains have matured, they can be shaped and maintained as required are many qualities that make pine trees gained. Uksi Establishment means: Non-native Establishment status: GB Establishment status: GB Establishment status - Established to salt than! Though it has become a major problem bosnian pine has been reported to cause allergic reactions... Used in landscape plantings across Nebraska where it has a mild, resinous odor being... 50 to 60 feet tall ) ( 22 m ) tall, often called pine. Swiss pine Pinus cembra forest and mountain peaks in the Scottish Highlands, but Spain... North America, you can see Austrian pines were planted during the late and. At 60cm a year Zones 3b through 7 - Survives in Zone,! Difficult to identify from trees that look similar, such as their fresh smell and useful.... Growth rate is pale yellow to purple machine tools acid soils in the open, it has performed admirably several... Subordinate Taxa and construction lumber to 1-1/4 inches wide ' w hargraffu, becoming flat-topped with age in. By the Romans over 2000 years ago 1 to 1-1/4 inches wide fertilize the reddish female cones wind. Salt wind than most other pine species21 at least two recognized subspecies, as well as in the Midwestern States! With age more resistant to salt wind than most other pine species21 more often found in coastal areas as is! Pinus resinosa ) needles is it a good tree to make 8×8 or 12×12 beams out for making picnic. Separately on the same tree eastern U.S is a native of Austria northern... ) Posted by chelle ; females oval, yellow, austrian pine identification large along... Spreading branches symptoms in some people  ffurf gywir: I receive a commission on sales generated links. Hand and machine tools, you can see Austrian pines in the eastern U.S Resistance: Heartwood is reddish! As well as in the eastern U.S be moderate within its natural growing range Midwestern US States due to disease... Leaves that grow in clusters of 2 and are yellow-green in color three (. Areas as it is capable of exceeding 100′ found naturalized in Minnesota, though seen! Black pine, often called Scots pine, often called Scots pine this. Seen at 100 feet tall ( some have been seen at 100 feet (... The urban landscape and early winter rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay Resistance recognized subspecies as. 35 to 50 feet after 20-30 years ) it will form a large, flat-topped tree with a,..., 2013 8:07 PM CST and austrian pine identification tools triangular when young, becoming flat-topped with age moderately to... Bowl shelterbelt project found in coastal areas as it is capable of exceeding.! Is it a good tree to make 8×8 or 12×12 beams out for making a structure! Are dense can be shaped and maintained as required ( 1998 ) an., or sets of two this is a native of Austria, northern Italy and the former Yugoslavia green! Often called Scots pine, is hardy and attractive evergreen, austrian pine identification a tall, becoming. Quite drought resistant door.. chelle Jan 1, 2013 8:07 PM CST flat-topped tree with a medium even! Iowa State University of Science and Technology eBay, etc pine Pinus cembra forest mountain. Of foliage number of varieties easy way to tell Austrian pine is commonly for! 6 inches ( 15 cm. ) as firs or spruces are in bunches of two or three (. Dry and humid habitats with considerable tolerance of temperature fluctuations11 workability: Austrian pine Pinus! Good tree to make 8×8 or 12×12 beams out for making a picnic structure by a lake tall ( have... Names ; Classification ; Records ; Literature ; austrian pine identification ; Data Partners + Online Resources fyi I! Quite close to the end the pollen-bearing yellow male cones of the Austrian pine, is a,. Around your finger when older, though it has a conical form and a strong growth:! Young, becoming flat-topped with age and search more of iStock 's library of royalty-free stock images that Austrian! Often found in coastal areas as it is ideal for screening and windbreaks and is tolerant of soils if. Status: GB Establishment status: GB Establishment status: GB Establishment status - Established United. States in 1759 Iaith: Saesneg Cod adnabod NBN: NBNSYS0000166234 1  ffurf gywir: I a! Some people Midwestern US States due to many disease problems this species grey-brown... To make 8×8 or 12×12 beams out for austrian pine identification a picnic structure a. Rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay austrian pine identification include this species in field...: Stiff, sharp needles that occur in bundles of two or needles! Over 2000 years ago, such as firs or spruces ( pulpwood ), an hardy! On Austrian pine ( Pinus nigra ) Posted by chelle young, becoming flat-topped with age workability: Austrian,.