She later married Henry V and was crowned Queen of the Romans. When Henry V died in 1125, Matilda returned to England at age 23. Stephen did not have the ruthless temperament required to control the ensuing turmoil as civil war broke out when his dispute with Matilda became common knowledge. Why did Matilda not become queen? This period of civil war became known as ‘The Anarchy’ and lasted for 19 years. At this point Stephen's wife arrived from France with an army and at Winchester captured the Earl of Gloucester. She was a popular queen who presided over an educated and pious court, and she even functioned as queen regent in her husband's stead at times. 1 Questions & Answers Place. The Empress Matilda, mother of the Plantagenet dynasty, is the earliest queen of England who never was; by rights she should have been England’s first ruling queen four centuries before Mary. No castles at key points 2. When King Henry I died, Matilda was his only surviving heir (his other children had died earlier on). She did, for a short time. Matilda was incensed at this news and refused to accept this decision quietly. Death of Queen Matilda: Matilda died at Rouen in France. No. Matilda fails to become Queen of England. Matilda was the daughter of King Henry I. Three reasons why Matilda did not become queen as a result of a lack of power-base and resources. King Stephen A coronation was planned at Westminster Abbey. 1. Matilda of Scotland (c. 1080–May 1, 1118) was a princess of Scotland and later queen of England through her marriage to Henry I. She would have always been under suspicion of weakness 2. Mary became Queen of Scotland when she was 6 days old. She was the mother of ten children who survived to adulthood, including two kings, William II and Henry I. She secured church backing at a legatine council on 7 April 1141 and then prepared to have herself made queen. In 1031, Matilda was born into the House of Flanders. Stephen had a larger army. A fter the success at Lincoln Matilda was temporarily elected Queen, but as she entered London for her coronation angry Londoners opposed to her mistreatment of them ran her out of the city. Matilda of Flanders (French: Mathilde; Dutch: Machteld) (c. 1031 – 2 November 1083) was Queen of England and Duchess of Normandy by marriage to William the Conqueror, and regent of Normandy during his absences from the duchy. With Stephen in leg irons in Bristol, Matilda sought to become the new ruler. Power base in Anjou 3. Find answers now! Character of Queen Matilda: Proud, haughty, disagreeable and ill-tempered; Accomplishments or why Queen Matilda was famous: The only woman to assume the throne of England during the Middle Ages Two reasons why Matilda did not become queen as a result of her gender. 1. Why did Matilda not become queen? 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