They are mainly used as windbreak, screen or border. Blue spruce trees are native to Colorado and the Rocky Mountains. The Norway spruce is mainly grown for its wood; it is used in making stringed musical instruments as it echoes well. ), spruce (Picea spp. Includes botanical aspects, county distribution maps, habitat, pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. Native Area: Mountainous regions from the Caucasus to Turkey. Spruce-tamarack bogs, which are basically peatlands, are common in the Upper Peninsula and in northern Lower Michigan. A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea / p aɪ ˈ s iː ə /, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal regions of the Earth. It is also popular as a Christmas tree. Fir trees are also distinguished by cones that stand upright on the branches like candles. This tree prefers cool wet winters and dry, warm summers, and can be difficult to grow unless it enjoys these conditions. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? are all types, or genera, of medium to tall (60-200 feet), evergreen, needle-bearing, cone-producing trees that have a conical or pyramidal shape. Here are different types of spruce trees to help you make the right selection! Here are a few of the best shade trees in Michigan. If you are cultivating Sitka spruce, it will remain ‘shorter’ in the landscape area, though, make sure there is sufficient room, as it grows up to 100 feet tall. Some have considered it to be a subspecies of the white spruce, sharing its narrow, conical shape. Soil: Well-draining. How well the soil drains. Spruce vs. Pine: How to Tell Them Apart The easiest way to tell a pine tree apart from a spruce or fir tree is by looking at the needles. It can be extremely soggy or rock hard when dry. The 'Glauca' variety is a light blue. Its species name, omorika, is the Serbian word for spruce. The white spruce has smooth “branchlets” with foul-smelling needles, while the black spruce has hairy branchlets with pleasantly scented, shorter needles. There are 15 counties in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. White Spruce. Evergreen is a type of tree that grows year-round. Picea is the sole genus in the subfamily Piceoideae.Spruces are large trees, from about 20–60 m (about 60–200 ft) tall when mature, and have whorled branches and conical form. Includes botanical aspects, county distribution maps, habitat, pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. But landscapers also value Ginkgo biloba (commonly called "maidenhair tree") for the exquisite fan-shape of its leaves.. ... Pine, spruce, fir, and cedar trees … Some species are used for Christmas Trees, such as Norway Spruce, (Picea abies).. In southern Michigan, Black Spruce grows only in cool bogs. The tree performs best in well-draining soil but is adaptable to a wide range of soil types. It is also called as yellow spruce due to the light-yellow wood of the tree. Height: 2–4 feet; can achieve 8 feet over 30 years. Native Area: Northern California, southern Oregon. densata), which is the state tree of South Dakota. Welcome to the Michigan A-Z native species list. Moderately fast growing, large tree, vigorous as an ornamental tree and requires well-drained soils. Due to the hanging branches, it is also known as weeping spruce. Michigan is actually ranked in the top 10 most forested states in all of the USA. List of fir trees native to Michigan. The red spruce is an evergreen coniferous variety that has red and hairy twigs. Spruce trees are extremely versatile, with many uses. It is estimated that there are over 126 species of pine trees in the world. Additional needle characteristics (e.g., needle length, sharpness, flexibility, scent, and color) are needed … It is native to North America, and is found in growing zones 1 through 7. Because of the variety of outlets, the cost for a real tree ranges between $25 and well over $100, with the average tree costing around $75 to $80. To identify spruce trees, first look at the needles. Native Area: Far northern regions of North America, USDA Growing Zones: 3–7 (2–5 for the 'Nana' cultivar), Height: 30–50 feet (smaller cultivars are available). TREE SPECIES LISTS BY COUNTY. Also has images of the trees for identification and links for further tree species education. The Norway spruce needs soil that drains well, and it will have problems if the soil is too wet. Sitka Spruce are very long-lived, with some trees living up to 500 years. Bert Cregg is an associate professor of horticulture and forestry at Michigan State University. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. These lists are derived from U.S. Forest Service data. Michigan’s forests are diverse. How to Care for Fast Growing Evergreen Trees Most of these shade-tolerant evergreens prefer to be in full or partial sunlight; that means they are not the best plants for bedroom and other indoor areas. Major Forest Types Of Michigan Forests comprise 53% of the land area of the state, or about 19.3 million acres. Sugar Pine. Rugosa; Alnus Viridis Subsp. The Serbian spruce can tolerate some drought and shade, though it prefers medium levels of moisture in the soil. https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/choosing_the_right_christmas_tree masuzi April 21, 2020 Uncategorized 0. It has 1/2-inch needles that are shorter than most other spruces. Not all trees are present in all locations, reflecting species preferences for differing sites and environments. Shrub dogwoods (Cornus spp.). It can reach over 300 feet in the wild, with the largest recorded specimen reaching 318 feet. You can grow ‘Inversa’ cultivar, which is a dwarf weeping variety. Red and eastern white pines can be found in the southern half where the forests change from northern hardwood type to old growth pine forests. Here is a link to Alternative conifers for Michigan landscapes. See if the plant will grow in this location. This cultivar of white spruce is slow-growing and looks ideal in pots placed on the front door or driveway. It will be shorter in cultivation, but make sure there is plenty of room in your landscape, as "shorter" can mean that it is still over 100 feet tall. The black spruce does well in wet areas and is native to boreal forest or taiga regions. It can survive in shades and droughts. If you want an unusual specimen, look for the 'Inversa' cultivar, a dwarf weeping variety that is a definite eye-catcher. Fir vs. He says one culprit is called Phomopsis. 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, How to Grow and Maintain a Bird's Nest Spruce, Growing Serbian Spruce in the Home Garden, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. But now it's killing larger trees, too. Water: Average moisture needs. But it is also called the yellow spruce, a name inspired by the light-yellow wood of the tree. It usually grows 40 to 60 feet tall measuring up to 25 to 30 feet in its branch spread. The National Christmas Tree Association has information on a types of Christmas trees, but here are 10 of the best types of Christmas trees. The narrow, conical growth pattern of many spruce trees makes them excellent choices for landscape use; the shape is a natural for holiday Christmas trees. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. Native Area: Southeast Canada and northeastern U.S. An artificial tree will lay in a landfill virtually forever." The Sitka spruce is the state tree of Alaska; it is the tallest variety of spruce featuring needle-like straight and sharp leaves. Maple Trees. Also has images of the trees for identification and links for further tree species education. Pictures, descriptions, and identifying features of pine trees, spruce trees, and fir trees will help with conifer identification. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Fir tree cones are softer than other cones of coniferous trees, and they come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. This information is provided as a courtesy by the MichiganDepartment of Natural Resources, Urban & Community Forestry Program. Tip: If you want different types of spruce tree dwarf variety, then grow ‘Fat Albert,’ ‘Glauca Globosa,’ and ‘Glauca Jean’s Dilly.’. As the name implies, the Norway spruce is not one of the types of spruce trees native to the Pacific Northwest, but since it was brought across the ocean, this tree type has thrived along the Northern regions of America. Michigan has many wonderful pines and other conifers. Understanding these conifers will give you a greater understanding of Michigan, its climate, its soils, its geology and its history. During the summer, the humidity of Michigan provides an environment that fungal pathogens thrive in. Here are a few of the best shade trees in Michigan. From the majestic White Pine, state tree of Michigan to the shrub like Juniper. This tree can survive up to a hundred years! This is in contrast to spruce trees, which have paired needles with a hinge-like base, and pine needles, which are bunched in clusters. This fast growing tree is one of the tallest North American spruces. Norway Spruce. This is an extremely hardy tree once established, but it is somewhat sensitive to urban pollution. Plan carefully and allow plenty of space because this graceful tree can grow to be 25 feet wide and in excess of 80 feet tall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea glauca 'Conica'). There are about 35 species of Spruce known in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of earth. Conifers are commonly found growing in Ohio landscapes and several species are used as Christmas trees. The wood of this tree is used in the lumber industry and for making musical instruments. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. There are many other types of evergreen trees have different exciting characteristics that we’ll talk about in this article. Pine spruce or fir getting to know michigan pines the nature pine spruce or fir getting to know 13 most common north american pine species. About 35 spruce species exist, plus many cultivars. The Caucasian spruce can l… Then, check the cones, which on spruce trees have smooth, thin scales and are easy to bend. It is often farmed as a Christmas tree specimen and for wood pulp, but it is susceptible to acid rain and does not make a good landscape tree in urban areas. Black spruce (Picea mariana). Spruce White, black and Norway spruce … Pine Tree Types In Michigan. It is named for the reddish color of the bark. This spruce variety can be used as a Christmas tree. The needles have white waxy (glaucous) coating, leading to the common name. Smaller varieties are available, suitable for the small yard or urban landscape. These trees can live for hundreds of years, achieving towering heights if the growing locations are favorable. 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