Porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. To find the site, call ahead or stop into the visitor center and ask for the GPS coordinates. Elbroch, L. M., Feltner, J., & Quigley, H. B. [7] The porcupine's scientific name, Erethizon dorsatum, can be loosely translated as "the animal with the irritating back". In the west they range from Alaska to northern mountains in Mexico. Last on this list of woodpeckers in Michigan is the Black-backed Woodpecker who is only found in the northern most parts of the state. 6. Map out your Porcupine Mountains adventure today. Mating may occur repeatedly until the female loses interest and climbs back into the tree. Just heed Knack’s warning about Greenstone Falls: “For some reason it is one of the buggiest places in the park,” he says. At this time, they secrete a thick mucus which mixes with their urine. Female porcupines are solitary for most of the year except during the fall when breeding season begins. [6] Other colloquial names for the animal include quill pig. “Let’s explore some new and cool places.”. Nature nerds may appreciate knowing that researchers have been working at this site to study the effects of temperature on white-nose syndrome, a deadly disease affecting Michigan’s bat populations. Directions, details and other suggestions for sites to visit can be found by calling or visiting the park’s visitor center. When the Eastern coyote began expanding its range into the Mountain State in … Some individuals have been found to live up to 30 years of age. Each of the 30,000 quills on a single porcupine is needle-sharp and barbed. “It’s a very remote, gorgeous location.” As a reward for your efforts, you’ll pass Bathtub Falls and countless other unnamed falls along the way. All porcupines have a few traits in common. About 14 of the largest and most impressive are labeled on a map, which you can pick up from the visitor center, but there are plenty more worth seeing that aren’t quite as easily found. They are thought to have migrated from Africa, ancestors of the Old World porcupines or Hystricidae or they originated based on a migration of the North American Paramyidae. The beaver is the only rodent in North America that is larger than the North American porcupine. The hind foot length is 7.5 to 9.1 cm (3.0 to 3.6 in). As of 1994, it was listed as an endangered species in Mexico. They are commonly found in coniferous and mixed forested areas, but have adapted to harsh environments such as shrublands and tundra. After this, they learn to climb trees and start to forage. It does not bother with quill avoidance, but tolerates them. Plywood is especially vulnerable because of the salts added during manufacture. Learn more and find updates at the park’s DNR page, Facebook page, and the Friends of the Porkies website. As it circles the porcupine, every chance it gets, it bites the face. All the men aboard survived, and Knack says there’s not much in the way of remnants at the site -- but the land is still scarred from the impact, and to this day there’s an opening in the forest’s canopy where the plane crashed through. However, when food sources in their natural habitat are limited, porcupines will enter yards and other populated areas to chew on wooden structures, accumulations of salt runoff, and even tool handles. [24][34] However, in some cases porcupine quills have indeed killed cougars, although usually this is after the cougar has already consumed the porcupine.[35][36]. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources has confirmed the return of the medium-sized mammal known as fishers to the Lower Peninsula after a near 75-year absence. Porcupines weigh about 12 to 35 pounds and are rounded and large. [37] By contrast, the North American beaver, which is comparable in size, has a gestation period of 128 days. Elbroch, L. M., Hoogesteijn, R., & Quigley, H. (2016). The quills are used by Native Americans to decorate articles such as baskets and clothing. The barbs at the tail tip become lodged in the flesh of an attacker and are difficult and painful to remove. In the United States, they roam throughout both western and northern regions. The old world porcupine is brush-tailed generally live in parts of Africa and India whereas the new world porcupine lives in Canada, North and Central America. It is also referred to as the Canadian porcupine or common porcupine. Porcupines are infamous among backpackers and backpacking publications[42][43] for their love of salt. [40] Common causes of mortality include predation and starvation. They move slowly (having few threats in its natural environment which would give it the need to flee quickly) and are often hit by vehicles while crossing roads. Distribution and habitat In eastern North America, porcupines range from Canada to the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia and Maryland. Once a dominant male is successful, he approaches the female and uses a spray of his urine on the female. The quills are normally flattened against the body and in this position are less easily dislodged.[17]. Once this is accomplished high in the tree, the mating process takes place on the ground. It grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. This abandoned copper mine can be found along M-107 between Lake of the Clouds and the Porcupine Mountains Ski Area. From south to north they are E.d. A view looking upstream on the Presque Isle River is shown from the west end of Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park in Gogebic County. They do not hibernate, but sleep in and stay close to their dens in winter. In 1944, while on a training mission, a B-17 bomber crashed just south of the Porkies’ Lake of the Clouds. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/20). All rights reserved (About Us). Waterfalls. For example, it is listed as a species in need of conservation in Maryland. 5. If the fisher manages to force a porcupine down to the ground, the porcupine will try to present its hindquarters and tail to the attacker, but the fisher is quick and agile. [16], The most distinguishing feature of the porcupine is its coat of quills. The crystal-clear spring maintains a steady temperature of 32 degrees year round; when you reach it, you can peer down to its sandy, bubbling bottom from a floating dock above. They make their dens in hollow trees or in rocky areas. The porcupine is a caviomorph rodent whose ancestors crossed the Atlantic from Africa to Brazil 30 million years ago,[3][4] and then migrated to North America during the Great American Interchange after the Isthmus of Panama rose 3 million years ago. "A newly recognized family from the Horn of Africa, the Heterocephalidae (Rodentia: Ctenohystrica)", "African origin of caviomorph rodents is indicated by incisor enamel microstructure", "Porcupine: Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series", "A facilitated release mechanism for quills of the North American porcupine (, 10.1644/1545-1542(2002)083<0381:afrmfq>2.0.co;2, "Smart Weapons — With an arsenal of quills and chemicals, the porcupine mounts one of nature's most robust defenses against predators", "Porcupine: Erethizon dorsatum bruneri Swenk", "Ecological Characteristics of Fishers in the Southern Oregon Cascade Range", "Endangered Animal Fact Sheet — North American Porcupine", "Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals of Maryland", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=North_American_porcupine&oldid=991776173, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 19:35. 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