Rosemary came to England at an unknown date; the Romans probably brought it when they invaded in the first century, but there are no viable records about rosemary arriving in Britain until the 8th century. [12] There is no further mention of rosemary until the ancient Greeks and Romans. Rosemary flowers are usually blue but different varieties can have white, pink & lavender/purple blooms. It is a very popular variety of rosemary. They have a bitter, astringent taste and a characteristic aroma which complements many cooked foods. It is also burnt as incense, and used in shampoos and cleaning products. 'Miss Jessopp's Upright' – distinctive tall fastigiate form, with wider leaves. Dimensions - … "[30] It can also be found in Shakespeare's Winter's Tale in Act 4 Scene 4, where Perdita talks about "Rosemary and Rue". Rosemary has long been popular for its flavor and scent, but it is also rich in iron, calcium, and vitamin B-6, as well as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds. Expect rosemary to bloom in the heat of summer. Keep rosemary plants well watered during dry spells and feed with a general fertiliser during the growing season. Plant rosemary in spring or autumn. The linear leaves are about 1 cm (0.4 inch) long and somewhat resemble small curved pine needles. It can struggle in heavy clay soils, particularly in winter, when the ground tends to be wetter. "[10] Both the original and current genus names of the species were applied by the 18th-century naturalist and founding taxonomist Carl Linnaeus. [16] In Don Quixote (Part One, Chapter XVII), the fictional hero uses rosemary in his recipe for balm of fierabras. [3] It is considered easy to grow and pest-resistant. Hailing from the Mediterranean, rosemary thrives in a sunny, sheltered spot in well-drained soil. To test drainage dig a hole 25cm square by about 25cm deep and then pour in about 2 litres of water. (See your … Average Yield. Cuttings grow quickly in good conditions and should be ready for outdoor planting in about 8 weeks. If you have a cold clay soil, dig in lots of bark, grit or leaf mould to improve drainage. It is perfect for rock wall planting or container planting where it can spill over the sides. The ancient Greeks used to say that rosemary helped memory, and in Australia signifies remembrance - particularly on Anzac Day. The evergreen clumps of thin leaf are topped with small violet blue flowers which bloom every year in August. Rosemary is a versatile herb, providing evergreen interest all year round, fragrant leaves for use in cooking, and nectar-rich flowers for bees in spring. Leaves are silky on the upper surface and felty and white beneath. Rosemary does not readily re-shoot from old wood, so never prune old, brown, leafless stems - otherwise the plant will die. Certain varieties also provide great flower colour, when they bloom in late spring or summer. How do you keep it happy in the winter? Aim to keep the hedge around 60cm tall. [14], Furthermore, there are also no records of rosemary being properly naturalized in Britain until 1338, when cuttings were sent by The Countess of Hainault, Jeanne of Valois (1294–1342) to Queen Phillippa (1311–1369), wife of Edward III. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine, BBC Gardeners’ World Magazine – receive 12 issues for only £39.99. Watch as Monty Don demonstrates how to propagate rosemary from softwood cuttings: Harvest rosemary by gently pulling small sprigs away from the main stem. In Australia, sprigs of rosemary are worn on ANZAC Day and sometimes Remembrance Day to signify remembrance; the herb grows wild on the Gallipoli Peninsula, where many Australians died during World War I.[29]. It grows 4 feet tall and wide, and it bears clusters of light blue flowers from late winter through summer. These florals range from dark to pale blue, through to pink and crisp white. 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