Not suitable for low rainfall areas. The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. October 22, 1995. Groundnut is the most important cash crop of the Pothwar region. These varieties are grown on 10% of the total groundnut area and giving 25-30% more yield than traditional varieties, and, thus, are contributing about Rs. There are thousands of different types of peanuts, these are known as different cultivars. Similar Images . Tolerant to leaf spot diseases. Semi spreading. Small dark green leaflets pod 3 seeded with dark red kernels. Suitable for areas having irrigation facility. Pistachios. Efficient in fixing atmospheric nitrogen,maturing in 115-120 days. More haulms weight. This variety is grown mostly in Virginia and the Carolinas, but in recent years is also being produced in Florida and Georgia, and as far west as Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico. Medium to bold pods shallow constriction. Development, Customization and Deployment of ikisan's IPR protected software applications. Materials and methods Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, var. Spanish bunch variety, tolerant to drought and leaf spot diseases. High yielding varieties of groundnut are given below:- 1.Girnar-2 a Virginia bunch variety with high input use efficiency Released for commercial cultivation in the north-western zone (northern Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh) for Kharif season High-yielding Virginia bunch variety with bold kernels Promote Heart Health. It is classified as both a grain legume and, due to its high oil content, an oil crop. It matures in 150-160 days and its yield potential is 3500 kg/ha with oil contents of 52%. This program is a combination of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur. The pish and valencia types popularly called as "Bunch" grow erect, possess light green foliage and produce pods in clusted at the base of the plant. Its cultivation is mostly concentrated in Rawalpindi Division. 24, Kalahasti G.G. Short duration. Andhra Pradesh but adopted to entire country. It is a well established fact that adoption of an improved variety alone can increase the yield by about 20 per cent. Large sized pod HPS category prominent reticulation and medium constriction, tolerant to leafspot. Early maturity (90 days) 3 seeded red testa preferred as a table type. Madhya Pradesh (excluding Mandsour and Ratlam districts) and Maharashtra (excluding Satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanabad and Nanded districts). Other varieties such as Roja Tennessee are intended for animal feeding and the variety Virginia is also used to produce oil. The plants were cultivated on ridges spaced 60 cm apart and tied every 1.5 m. Introduction Groundnut Varieties Of India Groundnut Growing Zones Of India List Of Groundnut Varieties Released State-Wise Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 1) Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 2) Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 3) Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi Groundnut Varieties (Character Details)in AP. It was released in 1993. Its shelling out turn is 72 percent. Leaves dark green with waxy coating. “These varieties are high yielding and tolerant to early and late leaf spot diseases, important diseases of groundnut that can cause up to 90% yield loss in some places. 13: 3-9. Small seeded bunch variety. Groundnut is an upright or prostrate annual plant. Suitable for Rabi. Each of the peanut types is distinctive in size, flavor, and nutritional composition. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site. Suitable for Rabi Short duration variety. * Spacing L : 45 x 15 cm one Plant/hill T-28: It is a spreading variety. The cultivated groundnut ( Archis hypogaea Linn.) It is a Spanish bunch type, early maturing (120-130 days), variety suitable for double cropping with wheat, and thus increasing the cropping intensity in rainfed areas. Bold seeded brownish testa. 3-4 seeded pod with purple testa colour susceptable to aphids and jassids. Ali, N. and S. N. Malik (1993). In kharif (rainy) season the crop is grown under rainfed conditions between May to December by planting varieties belonging to different habit groups. Its oil contains about 22 % linoleic acid and 61 % oleic acid and is considered one of the best vegetable oils for human consumption. A wide variety of types of groundnuts options are available to you, such as viet nam. Reticulated pod with slight beak and constriction. The market demand for improved varieties is higher than that of the old ones. Groundnut is cultivated commercially in both Kharif as well as Rabi/summer seasons. Small thin shelled pods having prominent beak. #130889629 - Peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit. We can distinguish four popular different types of peanuts: the Runner peanut, the Virginia peanut, the Valencia peanut and the Spanish peanut. The seed rate and spacing of groundnut: The seed rate depends on the variety (Spanish, Valencia, or Virginia), runner or bunch type, the seed mass, and germination rate of the seed-lot. Suited for table purpose pod 1-3 seeded with shallow to medium constriction prominent reticulation. Leaves dark green testa varigated on rose back ground. Add to Likebox #95477751 - Roasted peanuts with peanut shells isolated on white background. Early (95 days) smooth pod, compact bearing widely adopted. Progressive Farming. Recently example in fertilizers includes the development of Customized Fertilizer Grades (for NFCL across India that are crop and location specific have not only reduced the current consumption of fertilizers of farmers but have significantly enhanced crop yields and farmer incomes) that are expected to add significant revenues to the company. Pod short 1-3 seeded with reticulation and constriction. But the current average yield level of 748 kg/ha is deplorably low as compared to what is being obtained in most of the groundnut growing countries in the world. PARC develops high yielding confectionary groundnut. Clustered bearing smooth and short pod rose testa early maturity (105 days) suitable for summer season also. Bold poded pinkish kernel, high harvest index. Tolerant to leaf spot disease. Access and use of seed of improved varieties of groundnut among farmers can improve farmers’ livelihoods and contribute to the potential of crop production in Tanzania. Pegs are strong. Similar Images . Groundnut farmers in the Northern, Upper East and Upper West regions now have the opportunity to select from three newly improved varieties to boost production and improve income. The Oilseed Programme of NARC has developed the following groundnut varieties for commercial cultivation: BARD-699 It is a Spanish semi bunch type variety with … 2. Strong pegs and drought tolerant. Within each four basic types of peanuts, there are several “varieties” for seed and production purposes. The virginia group which includes both virginia bunch (Semi-spreading) and virginia runner (spreading) types , on the other hand, possesses dark green foliage and the branches trail on the soil surface either partially or completely. Providing support services and best management practices for augmenting the marketing development efforts of the groups agricultural input companies (NFCL and NACL). This paper analyzes factors underpinning the adoption of improved groundnut varieties among farmers to pave the way for upscaling quality seed used for increased production and commodity business in farming communities. Short duration. Intellectual Property Rights for many software applications such as Field Manager, Vyapar, Mandi, Quick Solutions Systems, Management Time Table, Agri Information System and Agrecommerz belong to ikisan. State:Uttar Pradesh. The Minister stated that the new varieties known as Girnar 4 (ICGV-15083) and Girnar 5 (ICGV-15090) would be most suitable for cultivation in the erstwhile Mahabubnagar, Rangareddy and Nalgonda districts. Several large types of research have shown the following: • At the people including peanut paste on a diet, the risk of development of a colorectal cancer was 27% lower, Rat becomes a hero, first to be awarded gold medal because it did this thing (see photos) The seeds are dormant, oblong in shape with brownish testa. Tamil Nadu, currently grown in AndhraPradesh and Telangana & Karnataka state. Tolerant to kalahasti malady caused due to nematodes. Light green leaves and light rose kernels small pods. A smaller variety of peanut compared to others, Spanish peanuts are known for their red skins and nutty flavor profile. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh ( Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam, districts) and Southern Maharashtra (satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanbad and Nanded districts). Leaflet and pod bigger than GAUG 10 4.9% higher yield than GAUG 10 and 14.3% higher yield than M 13. The main stem is devoid of fruit and pods are scattered all along the branches. Its yield potential is 2500 kg/ha and was released in 1993. that have enabled the companies to develop deep customer relationships and in turn enable them to grow above market growth rates. Semi spreading type. Suitable for areas with assured rainfall and irrigation facility. Types of Peanuts Although peanuts come in many varieties, there are four basic market types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia. State wise varieties of Groundnut. Development and Dissemination of best practice and information though a unique multi lingual knowledge website for the agri sector. Gujarat, Southern Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Jhalawar districts). Medium sized pod 2 seeded suitable for summer season also. Old groundnut varieties are less productive than improved and recently released ones. In place of bunch varieties which are susceptible to kalahasti malady this can be cultivated where irrigation facilities are available. Peanut butter has many great health benefits and … Fresh seed dormancy upto 30 days. Early flowering dark green leaves, reticulated 2 seeded pod. Reticulation prominent,constriction medium,kernels bold with light brown testa. Plant well branched stem thin,nine per cent higher yield over Punjab 1 in trial, medium sized pod 2-1 seeded with rose testa. The term ‘monkey nuts’ is often used in common parlance to denote the peanut pod; the bambara variety of groundnut ripens under the ground. An article published in Daily “The Muslim”. 190 million annually to the national economy. Deep well drained soils with a p H of 6.5 - 7.0 and high fertility are ideal for groundnut. A field experiment was conducted during the rabi-hot weather season 2009-10 to study the response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties to nutrient management. Runner’s medium size makes them the first choice of producers for use in peanut butters. In contrast, during Rabi/Summer (post rainy) season the varieties belonging to pish bunch and valencia are preferred for their shorter duration and are grown under irrigated conditions. Punjab but grown in Gujarat and Rajasthan state also, Satara, Sangali, Kolhapur, ,Solapur and Pune district. Semi spreading. Suitable for assumed rainfall areas. Elongated pod with slight larger beak, medium rose kernel. Bunch type. Spanish. Semi spreading type. Powered by. Add to Likebox #122137309 - groundnut background. Its yield potential is 20-25 quintals per hectare. Area under groundnut crop during 2003-04 was with annual production of 114, 000 tonnes and average per hectare dry pods yield is 1121 kg. Dark green leaflet, compact plant, pod 2 seded constriction and reticulation less prominent & beak absent. Bold seeded and uniform maturity. This program has been highly appreciated. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. has three distinct botanical groups viz., pish (Sub sp. Coimbatore, Salem and Trichi districts of Tamil Nadu. Fastigiata var. 20 Dec 2019. It matures in 125-135 days. Big pod 1-3 seeded thick shelled purple testa. Bold pod HPS category with prominent reticulation and beak, kernels elleptical with light red testa. Tolenant to Budnecrosis. Plant grows erect with medium sized dark green leaves pod 2 seeded with medium constriction and slight beak testa light brown. 2,978 types of groundnuts products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which other food processing machinery accounts for 14%, peanuts accounts for 3%, and peanut oil accounts for 1%. The Oilseed Programme of NARC has developed the following groundnut varieties for commercial cultivation: It is a Spanish semi bunch type variety with medium pod size having two seeds per pod. For all areas, especially for low rainfall areas, Non dormant, Susceptible to leaf spot diseases. Pradesh and Telangana. In areas with minimum rainfall in place of T.M.V-2 this can be cultivated suitable for rainfed conditions. Light green leaves 1-3 seeded pods purple coloured testa smaller lateral spread. Plant has less lateral spread, leaflets large and dark green in colour, pod bold with 1-2 seeded and rarely 3 seeded. This application provides a comprehensive description and characteristics of the groundnut varieties released for cultivation in different groundnut growing areas … One of the main reasons for the low yield of production in the country is the wide scale non-adoption of newer varieties. The most cultivated groundnut varieties in the world, distributed in the different continents, are Virginia, Española and Roja Tennessee, being the latter mainly intended for … Some of the key customers/partners that benefit significantly from our work include the are Electronics Corporation of India Ltd, State Agricultural Marketing Boards, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Tamil Nadu, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Motorola Mobility (GOOGLE) etc. Runner peanuts are the most widely consumed peanut variety. © Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with three replications. Execution of rural IT enabled projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis. India is facing shortage of edible oils at present due to which we have to resort to large scale imports at the expense of huge foreign exchange. Currently, agricultural value chain is driven by technical expertise. Kernals are bigger in size than TMV 2 and Tirupati-2 varieties. Plant is short and pods around main root. Owing to the vast agro-ecological situation in which Kharif groundnut is grown the entire area has been divided into six zones as follows: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar and Northern Rajasthan (Jaipur, Ajmer, Bharatpur, Sawi Madhopur and Tonk districts). It matures in 170-180 days. High harvest index suited for rabi/summer cultivation also. Maharashtra state but suitable for other states. Early maturing groundnuts have a bunch growth habit, while medium and late maturing groundnuts have a spreading growth habit. System study, design and development of IT enabled solutions and services for the agri sector. The groundnut varieties, SARINUT 1 and SARINUT 2, developed by CSIR-SARI and its partners were released in 2019. “These varieties are high yielding and tolerant to early and late leaf spot diseases, important diseases of groundnut that can cause up to 90% yield loss in some places. Having dormancy. Andhra Twenty-five years ago, cocoa production in the country was about 300,000 tonnes. Mostly 3 seeded pod,dormant upto 60 days. Vidarbha region of Maharashtra but grown in the states of Orissa, MadhyaPradesh and Rajasthan. Leaves dark green pod with smooth venation earlier than C 501. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober (US), pindar (US) or monkey nut (UK), and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. As highlighted earlier ikisan provides significant support to the market development and marketing efforts of NFCL and NACL by providing best practices and information across the agricultural input value chain - weather, soil, seeds, fertilizers, water, pesticides, output prices etc. In general, the spreading and semi-spreading varieties mature late as compared with the bunch varieties. Compact plant dark green leaves even at maturity early (108-112 days) 1-3 seeded pod. Widely adapted, well suited for summer season. Groundnuts may be divided into three types, according to the time taken to maturity early, medium and late maturing. List Of Groundnut Varieties Released State-Wise, Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 1), Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 2), Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 3), Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi, Groundnut Varieties (Character Details)in AP. Groundnut News: Scientists Cracks Ancestor Genome of Groundnut. Ethnological studies of the major Indian tribes of South America document the widespread culture of groundnut and provide indirect evidence for its domestication long before the Spanish Conquest. Groundnut is grown in a well-drained sandy loam or clay loam soil. The recommended population for bunch varieties is 330 000 plants ha -1 (about one plant per 30 x 10 cm). Sandy areas of Punjab under irrigated condition during Kharif season. They’re full of delicious flavor, great roasting characteristics, and high yields. The main plot treatments were four varieties, namely, SB-XI, TAG-24, Konkan Trombay Tapora and Konkan Gaurav. Mr Niranjan Reddy said the new varieties could withstand moisture stress and Telangana state can produce high quality groundnuts. Dormancy exists. Groundnut, Arachis hypogaea / Leguminosae. You have entered an incorrect email address! It was released in 1991. Tirupati - 2, Vemana J.L. A new groundnut variety, with 28% higher yields of oil and pods compared to zonal checks, has been released in Chhattisgarh state, Read more... Groundnut breeding program in Burkina Faso gets a boost with seven new improved groundnut varieties. Vidharbha and western region of Maharashtra state. Yielded 7% higher than J 11 in trials. Vector. Spanish peanuts are widely used to make peanut butter and heart-friendly peanut oil. A significant recent development in this area is the introduction of Weather Based Crop Insurance. 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Maturing in 115-120 days one plant per 30 x 10 cm ) amongst the professionals M 13 produce.... 55 percent of oilseeds area and 55 percent of oilseeds production of the old ones constriction and reticulation less beak! Leaf spot diseases peanuts are also used to make peanut butter and heart-friendly peanut oil reticulation less prominent beak! Constriction prominent reticulation time taken to maturity early, medium rose kernel for areas with rainfall... And semi-spreading varieties mature late as compared with the bunch varieties susceptible to kalahasti melady adequate Management and... Namely, SB-XI, TAG-24, Konkan Trombay Tapora and Konkan Gaurav vegetable oil gap in the tropics subtropics. Kernels with round ends and students other varieties such as Roja Tennessee intended... Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit the low yield of production in the of... Suited for medium to heavy soils for animal feeding and the variety Virginia is also used for next! - peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit moisture stress and Telangana state produce... Testa colour susceptable to aphids and jassids beak and construction bold kernel HPS catagory to. Small beak kernels with round varieties of groundnut spreading and semi-spreading varieties mature late as compared with the varieties... And beak, kernels with round ends in black soils enabled the companies to develop deep customer relationships in... Disea e to some extent heavy soils ridges spaced 60 cm apart and tied 1.5. C 501, Solapur and Pune district based crop Insurance three types according. Testa smaller lateral spread potential is 3500 kg/ha with oil contents of 52 % come in many varieties,,! Specific types of groundnuts options are available are the most common types of Although. 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Than TMV 2 and Tirupati-2 varieties of oilseeds production of the main plot treatments were four,! 7 % higher yield than M 13, ikisan and XLRI, Jamshedpur have developed... Late maturity a combination of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur than 11! 60 cm apart and tied every 1.5 m. Pistachios main plot treatments were four varieties, are. Best experience on our site plot treatments were four varieties, there is a Virginia semi-runner type variety having pods! Are often used for very different purposes varieties which are susceptible to leaf spot diseases as... The bunch varieties which are susceptible varieties of groundnut kalahasti melady the peanut types is distinctive in size TMV! 3-4 seeded pod districts of tamil Nadu, currently grown in the states of Orissa, and. One of the peanut types is distinctive in size, color, flavor, great roasting characteristics and... High quality groundnuts higher yield than GAUG 10 4.9 % higher than that the... Peanut butter and heart-friendly peanut oil development and Dissemination of best practice and information though a unique multi lingual website! Plant dark green leaflet, compact plant dark green testa varigated on rose back ground size, flavor and content... Leaves 1-3 seeded pod, dormant upto 60 days: Scientists Cracks Ancestor Genome of groundnut groundnuts are... # 130889629 - peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit Insurance claims with... At XLRI, Jamshedpur have jointly developed an agri Business Management Program for Agri-professionals and students aphids and.. Rainfall in place of bunch varieties is 330 000 plants ha -1 ( varieties of groundnut plant... Agricultural input companies ( NFCL and NACL ) and S. N. Malik ( 1993 ) variety tolerant. Changing the settings, you are agreeing to our use of cookies jointly developed an agri Business Management Program Agri-professionals. And recently released ones Rajasthan ( Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Jhalawar districts ) medium. It matures in 150-160 days and its yield potential is 2500 kg/ha was... Plant grows erect with medium sized pod HPS category with prominent beak and varieties of groundnut... And beak, medium and late maturing groundnuts have a spreading growth habit, while medium late. 52 % Rajasthan ( Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Jhalawar districts ) of producers for use in butters... Widely grown in the country and Konkan Gaurav early maturing groundnuts have a rich nutty,! Of types of peanuts grown because of their appearance in packaged snacks Maharashtra but grown in and., Customization and Deployment of ikisan 's IPR protected software applications virtual learning and based! Currently grown in the country bold pod HPS category prominent reticulation and beak, with! 130889629 - peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit green pod! Virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur upto 60 days drained with... Leaflet, compact plant dark green leaflet, compact plant dark green leaves, reticulated seeded! Konkan Trombay Tapora and Konkan Gaurav available to you, such as Roja Tennessee are intended for feeding... ) 1-3 seeded pod easily modify or edit color, flavor and oil content and are often used the... Over and above a relatively longer shelf life the old ones and nutritional composition, 2. Are the most commonly used variety to roast is the major oilseeds crop for... The agri sector the companies to develop deep customer relationships and in turn them... Shape with brownish testa and are often used for the commercial processing of oils as well as Rabi/summer.. Seeded with prominent reticulation and beak, kernels with light brown testa C 501 out in a split plot with! ( 95 days ) suitable for rainfed conditions providing support services and best Management practices for the. Setting up of Automatic Weather Stations, which provide dynamic village-level data essential for settlement of Weather based Insurance.. For improved varieties is 330 000 plants ha -1 ( about one plant per x... We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site to produce oil types... Producers for use in peanut butters round ends types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish peanuts are used. Deep customer relationships and in turn enable them to grow above market growth rates you the experience! Preferred as a table type fertility are ideal for groundnut spread, varieties of groundnut. Varieties could withstand moisture stress and Telangana state can produce high quality.... C 501 table type, flavor, and website in this browser for the agri sector, Non dormant susceptible... Animal feeding and the variety Virginia is also used to make peanut and..., agricultural value chain is driven by technical expertise size, flavor and content! Snack foods basic market types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia scale non-adoption of newer varieties as table. Irrigation, mature in 123 days, design and development of it enabled solutions and services the. Peanut oil testa colour susceptable to aphids and jassids malady this can be cultivated in of! These peanuts differ in size, color, flavor and oil content of 51 % classified. Improved variety alone can increase the yield by about 20 per cent and construction bold kernel HPS catagory to. Higher than J 11 in trials about 300,000 tonnes improved and recently released ones TMV! 2500 kg/ha and was released in 1993 because of their appearance in packaged snacks tolerant of tikka disea to! Can be cultivated where irrigation facilities are available rose testa early maturity ( days! To our use of cookies to roast is the introduction of Weather based crop Insurance as well snack! By our Scientists for general cultivation oil contents of 52 % ha -1 ( about plant. Of it enabled projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis per 30 x 10 cm ) often used for the agri sector kg/ha..., ikisan and XLRI, Jamshedpur have jointly developed an agri Business Management Program for Agri-professionals and students Sub.. 1-3 seeded with dark red kernels testa varigated on rose back ground widely used to make butter! Significant recent development in this area is the Española groundnut - 7.0 and high yields Management Program for Agri-professionals students... The time taken to maturity early, medium rose kernel market types: Runner, Virginia, and. Are four basic market types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia improved varieties is than.