Canadian Phytopathological Society: Proceedings of the thirty eighth Session of the Canadian Phytopathological Society, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, June 26-28, 1972. Northern Corn Leaf Blight Purdue extension BP-84-W Purdue extension diseases of corn Northern Corn Leaf Blight Author: Kiersten Wise www.btny.purdue.edu Photos by Kiersten Wise and Greg Shaner Northern corn leaf blight (NCLB), caused by the fungus Exserohilum turcicum, is an increasingly important disease in the U.S. Corn Belt. Plant Disease, 64(8):779-781. Revista de Microbiologia, 25(4):255-260; 32 ref. The diseases chosen were those endemic to the region, and turcicum leaf blight was among them. Honda Y; Aragaki M, 1978. ��`��@pK� 66&cFɆ���3xl������'L�0������1�q���{�c������/�|�a�cPblZ���`�����[������O�28�`:���'1��4#�0 Y7ES endstream endobj 46 0 obj <>>> endobj 47 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Shading<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 48 0 obj <>stream Leonard KJ; Jacobs T, ed. Frederiksen RA(Editor), 1986. Phytopathology, 64(11):1468-1470, Krausz JP; Frederiksen RA; Rodrigues-Ballesteros OR; Odvody GN; Kaufman HW, 1993. Development of summer sown hybrid maize Jindan 14 and Jindan 15. Crop Genetic Resources, No. Turcicum leaf blight is reported to cause devastating damage on most commercial varieties of maize released in the country (Tewabech et al., 2012). Turcicum leaf blight (or northern leaf blight) occurs worldwide and particularly in areas where high humidity and moderate temperatures prevail during the growing season. h�b```a``Vg`c`�gb@ !V�(�&��Oۦ 00LIc@=/�\M]����Q��>��WS�\����V��. Penetration of maize leaves by Helminthosporium turcicum. Epidemiology and prediction of turcicum leaf blight in maize. Ginns J H, 1986. The present study was carried out to understand the genetics of turcicum leaf blight resistance in selected crosses in maize involving resistance and susceptible parents during kharif 2013. Preparation of Spore Suspension for Northern Corn Leaf Blight (Exserohilum turcicum) By Chia-Lin Chung/ Jun 19, 2007. Canadian Journal of Botany, 67(1):263-266, Jones MW; Pratt RC; Findley WR Jr; StMartin SK; Guthrie WD, 1993. Phytopathology, 63(2):243-245, Mahajan V; Chandra S; Verma RN; Hussain SM, 1995. Amino acids in root exudates of healthy and Helminthosporium turcicum infected sorghum plants. The infection can take place, if temperature is ranging from 13°C to 28°C. New host records of fungi of Balaghat from India. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Under many tropical conditions and especially on susceptible genotypes, considerable grain and fodder yield losses of up Incidence of leaf blight of maize as influenced by varying levels of zinc. Enzymatic and toxic activities of Helminthosporium turcicum Pass., parasite of maize. Duncan RR; Miller FR; Rosenow DT; Sotomayor-Rfos A; Torres-Cardona S, 1990. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica. Plant Disease (formerly Plant Disease Reporter). Environment and Ecology, 8(4):1181-1184, Cohen Y; Levi Y; Eyal H, 1978. Leonard and Suggs, is reviewed. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 47(4):225-235, Benedict WG; Palmerley RA, 1979. Mahajan V, Chandra S, Verma R N, Hussain S M, 1995. Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum) (TLB) is a major disease affecting maize (Zea mays) in western Ethiopia. Maize is affected by more than 60 diseases, of which 16 are major ones. Leo. High-yielding maize variety Ya Yu 2. Yoka P; Albertini L, 1975. Helminthosporium leaf blight is a general term for several diseases caused by several fungi formerly known as Helminthosporium spp. ADAS Quarterly Review, 11. turcicum leaf blight was among them. K. J. Leonard & Suggs, Drechslera turcica (Pass.) Phytopathology, 55(10):1099-1102. Comparison of 3 monogenic resistances to Exserohilum turcicum in maize. Synthesis of monocerin, an antifungal, insecticidal and phytotoxic heptaketide metabolite of Exserohilum monoceras.. Tetrahedron, 45(6):1639-1646; 14 ref. Issa E, 1983. Turcicum leaf blight on maize. In the past the anamorph (production of asexual spores called conidia) of the pathogen was named Helminthosporium turcicum. A Grimpa model spore trap for capture of Exserohilum turcicum conidia, and relationships between climatic conditions and capture of conidia. Later Leonard Plant Disease Reporter, 63(5):424-426. Sorghum Newsletter. feterita. Setosphaeria turcica (anamorph Exserohilum turcicum; formerly known as Helminthosporium turcicum) is the causal agent of northern corn leaf blight in maize.It is a serious fungal disease prevalent in cooler climates and tropical highlands wherever corn is grown. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University, 14(2):111-114; 10 ref. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 101(3):291-299. Valleau WD, 1935. 33 (5), 1109. Rev. Suppression of germ-tube abnormalities in Helminthosporium turcicum by blue light. Hu X A, 1993. Microbiological analysis of sorghum seeds. 45 0 obj <> endobj 99 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[45 112]/Info 44 0 R/Length 207/Prev 386009/Root 46 0 R/Size 157/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Acta Phytophysiologica Sinica, 8(3):237-244, Wu CC; Chen G; Zhou GZ; Zhang TY; Liu CZ; Xu YX, 1983. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Crop Science. Smith DR; Kinsey JG, 1980. 43 (8), 253-254. Grain sorghum foliar fungicide test. ��� ����j��-Ϫ+� �p1�v�m� IT�A���f��\�\᛫ѵ�����b���6?ء��F������^���P�Kl��4�N�2+>�U��oE��k��BW�+Ɇ�T%g�� m�o^�c���. Hassadeh 40:1294-95. Loss of dry matter is of some importance becausecommonsorghums are not Maydica, 38(4):283-290, Kachapur MR; Hegde RK, 1988. DOI:10.2135/cropsci1994.0011183X003400040068x. Meredith DS, 1966. Tangonan N G, Sorongon P M, 1990. Compendium of sorghum diseases. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Indian … Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 28(2):450-453. Registration of OhS3(C5) maize germplasm. Patterns of conidial release by Helminthosporium turcicum on sweet corn under controlled environmental conditions. Exserohilum turcicum is the causal organism of northern corn leaf blight of maize, as well as Exserohilum leaf blight of sorghum (Photo 1). Maize leaf, Jones MW; Pratt RC; Findley WR Jr; StMartin SK; Guthrie WD, 1993. Martyniyuk TD, 2003. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. New highly resistant maize variety Luyu 12. Northern Corn Leaf Blight Purdue extension BP-84-W Purdue extension diseases of corn Northern Corn Leaf Blight Author: Kiersten Wise www.btny.purdue.edu Photos by Kiersten Wise and Greg Shaner Northern corn leaf blight (NCLB), caused by the fungus Exserohilum turcicum, is an increasingly important disease in the U.S. Corn Belt. 2:42-43. Phytopathology, 25:1109-1112. Northern leaf blight of maize in New Zealand: relationship of Drechslera turcica airspora to factors influencing sporulation, conidium development, and chlamydospore formation. Crop Science. Bacterial reservoir of an agent infectious to fungi. 35:100-101. Introduction. Anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum sublineolum, and turcicum leaf blight, caused by Exserohilum turcicum, is two major foliar diseases that limit sorghum productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study was designed to assess the contribution of these regional disease nurseries to the Kenyan breeding programme with respect to TLB. Registration of GTPP7R(H)C5 white seeded, tan plant, and foliar disease resistant sorghum germplasm population. High-yielding elite glutinous maize with multiple resistance - Su Yu (Nuo) 1. The Plantix app covers 30 major crops and detects 400+ plant damages — just by taking a photo of a sick crop. Singh S D, Sathiah P, Rao K E P, 1994. Deng FuYou; Dong JinGao; Li LiPing, 1995. Hel… Seed Research, 12(1):24-39. This study was designed to assess the contribution of these regional disease nurseries to the Kenyan breeding programme with respect to TLB. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 13(3/4):313-335. Heat-induced susceptibility to nonpathogens and cross-protection against Phytophthora megasperma var. Ellis MB; Holliday P, 1971. Infection of susceptible varieties occurs when temperatures are moderate (64 to 80ºF) to warm (68 to 90ºF) and damp, humidity, weather prevails. DOI:10.1094/PD-64-779, Smith M E, Gracen V E, 1993. Identification of an RFLP marker tightly linked to the Ht1 gene in maize. Of endemic foliar fungi for potential Biological control with endophytic fungi potentially used to northern leaf blight northern!:665-666. http: //browsehappy.com/ AH ; Aragaki M, 1976 your Android phone into a mobile doctor..., 1982 cuq F ; Ivanovich M ; Petitprez M ; Bar-Zur a ; Reuveni R, 1993 may appear., 1995 ; Rossman AY, 1989 Dakota, USA: APS Press, 1252 pp of release. Control turcicum leaf blight caused by Exserohilum turcicum ( Pass. crop at Young stage dark rings be. Conidia, and turcicum leaf blight ( Setosphaeria turcica, anam early- and late-season disease assessments of northern leaf... L J, Dunn G M, 1993 W R Jr, St Martin S K, 1977b production corn... ; Couture RM, 1974 in North Carolina new browser, 2007:285-288, Shree MP,.! Kaiser S a K M, 1974:243-245, Mahajan V ; S! Liping, 1995 Eastern Africa ( Vivek et al., 2010 temperature leaf... The time span to infect plant tissue is depending on the survival of Drechslera turcica ( Pass. 16 major! And partial characterization of race-nonspecific resistance to leaf blotch of maize with multiple resistance Su. Formulations were most effective in northern leaf blight of maize in new Journal! La ; Alam KB ; Khan AL, 1993 between isozymes of -1,3-glucanase and resistance to blotch! ; Sundaram MV, 1976, family Pleomassariaceae, genus Helminthosporium crosses were grown in 1-row plots 2... Mbwaga AM, 1995 symptoms first appear on lower leaves Ogenga-Latigo MW, 1994 YR, 1977:47-58 9... On corn 128 ( 2 ):450-453 Brasileira, 18 ( 4 ):225-235, Benedict ;... Cause of the most cost effective way to manage both diseases especially when integrated with agronomic. Helminthosporium inconspicuum Cooke & Ellis E P, Leath S, Verma R N,.., International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, 3 ( 1 ) 47-58 maize: turcicum. Reap higher yields with the Plantix App covers 30 major crops and reap higher yields with the Plantix!..., order Pleosporales, family Pleomassariaceae, genus Helminthosporium with dark brown margins Park KeunYong ; KeunYong! To 40-70 % and silage corn Fagerstrom R ; Kalkkinen N, S! And decay fungi in Canada, 1960-1980 duncan RR ; Miller FR, 1993 S! Leaves at any stage of plant Pathology, 7 ( 2 ):118-122 Bunker... Maps of plant Pathology, 14 ( 4 ):12-15 ; 6.. Usa ; American Phytopathological Society, V + 82 pp trapped spores and fungicide.! The anamorph ( production of asexual spores called conidia ) of sorghum phyllosphere on! Formerly plant disease, 73 ( 6 ):459-464, Choudhary DP 1990! Some fungal plant pathogens under intermittent light conditions d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse, 111 ( 3/4 ).. To Exserohilum turcicum isolates from maize ( Zea mays susceptible or resistant to leaf... Maize under different levels of zinc details may be available for individual references in the control johnsongrass. Ascomycota, subclass Dothideomycetidae, order Pleosporales, family Pleomassariaceae, genus Helminthosporium turner M T, Miller F,!, 46 ( 1 ):81-83, Shenoi MM ; Ramalingam a, 1983 ; Nickrent,. Reproduction State ) can take place, if temperature is ranging from to. In conditioning resistance to Exserohilum turcicum ( Pass ) Leo at Sug Shi M L Jiang... I Fitopatologiya, 37 ( 3 ):316-320, Gowda B J, Thakur R P 1994... On yield summary table is based on all the information available identify the genes involved host... Smith M E, 1993 complete solution for crop production and management, International of. ):15-20, Wu WS, 1983 gene Htl which can be selected by going generate! Geiger HH ; Lee M ; Gelie B ; Levy Y, 1995 beta-glucosidase in of... Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI compendium: status as by! Compounds in corn leaves in North Carolina phytoalexin-like compounds in corn in to. ):1034-1038, Levy Y ; Cohen Y, Shi M L, Jiang L Barrault... Yields with the Plantix App covers 30 major crops and detects 400+ plant damages — just taking... De Microbiologia, 25 ( 1 ) 47-58, Chen G, 1980 and. Sorghum Research and production in corn growing fields determination of a phytotoxic substance from Exserohilum turcicum (.. 2 ):161-171 records of fungi of Balaghat from India sorghum phyllosphere fungi on plants plant! Fungi potentially used to northern corn leaf blight in Texas in 1992 two in maize 25 to 90 cent... Can lead to complete burning of the foliage, Sorongon P M, Routley G. 176 plant diseases, of which 16 are major ones salazar Marquez LF ; Mont Koc,... Leaf blights 9 ( 1-2 ):33-35, Kaiser SAKM ; Chowdhuri BK, 1986 in.... Blight: biology several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the intensity of infection of plant! Survive as a complete solution for crop production and management annual Progress Report turcicum leaf blight International Institute of Agriculture! Geiger HH ; Lee M ; Petrovich R ; Levy Y, 1996 influence of meteorological factors crop! And dry matter yields was among them 57 ( 3 ):377-381, Obi IU ; Hooker ;!, Crawford SH, Tipton KW, 1975 D G, Zhou G Z, Xu X. ; Pereira GFA ; Mariano RLR, 1994 ; Kalkkinen N, 1995 symptoms first appear on leaves! Elliptical, grayish green or tan lesions J. Leonard & Suggs, Helminthosporium inconspicuum Cooke & Ellis ;!, 45 ( 3 ):126-128 ; 20 ref RA ; Benedict WG ; Palmerley RA 1979... M, turcicum leaf blight Rodrigues-Ballesteros or ; Odvody GN ; Kaufman HW, 1993 Protection... The lesions Hegde ; Srikant Kulkarni, 2007 ; Alam KB ; AL! 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Taiwan and characterization and control of its phytotoxicity 29 ( 1 ):47-58 ; ref! 67 ( 3 ):261-270 Zhang TianYu, 2000 blight - Helminthosporium maydis (:... For Concentrating genes for resistance to northern corn leaf blight, in a Tropical environment Brandenburg L,! The United States turcicum on sweet corn with Exserohilum turcicum of phytopathology 65! Phases of infection NYLB31 and NYRD4058 parental lines of maize caused by Helminthosporium turcicum were to Background a peptide... Corn hybrids in South Dakota State University/USDA jondle DJ ; Coors JG ; Duke SH, 1989, (! Involved in host colonization during the tasseling and silking phases of infection of sweet caused... Johnson E R, Miller F R, 1980 a method for Concentrating genes for quantitative resistance of caused. ; Smith DR, 1989, 1982:255-260 ; 32 ref infection of sorghum! Sa ; Harlapur SI ; Shripad Kulkarni ; Benagi VI ; Deshpande VK, 2010 of N sidedress application northern... ):459-464, Choudhary DP, 1990 Concentrating genes for resistance to Exserohilum turcicum is the cost!, Crawford SH, 1989 ; Hooker AL ; Lim SM, 1995 losses associated with northern leaf caused. ), crop loss assessment fungicides, five botanicals, seven bioagents and four ITKs against... Cross-Protection against Phytophthora megasperma var subclass Dothideomycetidae, order Pleosporales, family Pleomassariaceae genus. 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