6 alien species which can now be found in Singapore's reservoirs African sharptooth catfish. water. Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish. All images in this section are taken in natural habitat: firstname.lastname@example.org. They are generally characterised by a pattern of horizontal stripes, rows of spots or vertical bars. Some species have two pairs of long barbels. Here are the coolest freshwater fish that will make the prettiest aquarium: 1. Parambassis ranga, commonly known as the Indian glassy fish, Indian glassy perch or Indian X-ray fish, is a species of freshwater fish in the Asiatic glassfish family Ambassidae of order Perciformes. Similar to Betta /ˈbɛtə/, Wild Betta is also from the gourami family (Osphoronemidae). It may result from mixing of seawater with fresh water, as in estuaries, or it may occur in brackish fossil aquifers. marine fishes is high: coral reefs, for example, The Characidae are distinguished from other fish by the presence of a small adipose fin between the dorsal and caudal fins. All species occur in freshwater habitats in tropical Africa and the Nile River system, mainly swampy, shallow floodplains and estuaries.Bichirs are considered the sister group to all other extant ray-finned fishes. They were formerly united with the barbels in the subfamily Barbinae but that group is paraphyletic with the Cyprininae. The Guppy is a a very hardy, introduced species and can live in a variety of water bodies, including brackish water, polluted canals, and even sewage tanks. Most eels are predators. Brochis is often â¦ This family is both large and diverse. Malayan Leaf Fish Nandus nebulosus : Climbing Gouramies (Perciformes : Anabantidae) Asian Climbing Perch Anabas testudineus : Bettas, Gouramies, Pikeheads (Perciformes : Osphronemidae) Forest Betta Betta pugnax : Giant Gouramy Osphronemus goramy : â¦ Dichotomyctere ocellatus (syn. From A Guide to Common Freshwater Fishes of Singapore by Kelvin K P Lim and PeterK L Ng Published by the Singapore Science Centre and sponsored by BP @Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research and Singapore Science Centre yellow. The proposed farming systems will be the polyculture of compatible species and prey-predator culture of carnivorous species. Certain human activities can produce brackish water, in particular civil engineering projects such as dikes and the flooding of coastal marshland to produce brackish water pools for freshwater prawn farming. Betta /ˈbɛtə/ is a large genus of small, often colorful, freshwater ray-finned fishes in the gourami family (Osphronemidae). Tel : +65 6757 9909 They were also known as “armoured catfish” due to their large bony plates that cover their body. These elongated, predatory fish are distinguished by their long dorsal fins, large mouths, and shiny teeth. Some of the major colors are white, black, red, yellow, blue, and cream. The directory details every species appropriate for a freshwater aquarium. The pond loach, dojo loach (ドジョウ dojō), or oriental/Japanese weather loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), is a freshwater fish in the loach family Cobitidae. Pond culture fishes n Introduced species 12 . They are native to freshwater habitats in South and Southeast Asia, as well as southeast China. It is native to an area of South Asia from Pakistan to Malaysia. They inhabit fresh water streams and coastal brackish and marine waters of Mexico. ... 5 Species Of Large Fish You Can Catch In Singapore Economy Sg. Koi or more specifically nishikigoi, literally “brocaded carp”), are ornamental varieties of domesticated common carp (Cyprinus carpio) that are kept for decorative purposes in outdoor koi ponds or water gardens. The 46 species of native freshwater fish fauna of Singapore are dominated by Cyprinidae, the carp family, in common with the freshwater fauna of Southeast Asia (ZakariaâIsmail 1994). A single species, R. gerlachi, is only known from an old specimen that reputedly originated from Africa (Cameroon), but this locality is considered doubtful. Most of these exceptionally colorful freshwater fish can contribute to an impressive display aquarium. It can be distinguished based on the visual recognition and morphological characters. Many freshwater fish species have declined by 76 percent in less than 50 years. They are sometimes referred to as pompadour fish. The snakeheads are members of the freshwater perciform fish family Channidae, native to parts of Africa and Asia. It is a member of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members of the family, is live-bearing. It is one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish. Poeciliidae), Freshwater halfbeaks & needlefishes (Beloniformes : Belonidae If you were asked to name a species of coldwater pet fish, you would most likely think of a goldfish or its relative, the Koi, a large freshwater fish with an elongated body and bright colors. Due to their distinctive shape and bright colors, discus are popular as freshwater aquarium fish, and their aquaculture in several countries in Asia is a major industry. How to keep, breed, choose tank mates. So which are the dandiest and prettiest freshwater aquarium fish in the hobby? However, it has also been widely distributed outside of its native range. They are very common and usually found in small schools of three or more individuals. The Nee Soon Swamp Forest is the last substantial remnant of freshwater swamp forest habitat in Singapore, and today it is the only refuge for many of the native forestâspecialist freshwater fish species. In tropical South America, where the species naturally resides, A. ocellatus specimens are often found for sale as a food fish in the local markets. In this family of fish, the head is bony and the elongated body is covered by large, heavy scales, with a mosaic pattern of canals. If the Labeoninae are recognized as distinct, many small African “barbs” would probably, however, warrant recognition as a new subfamily. Moreover, Singapore, being part of the Malay Peninsula zoogeographic region, has a fish community that is drawn from the two major Southeast Asia regions: Sundaland and Indochina ( Yap 2002 ). Our fish species guide has been brought to life thanks to wonderful images from Jack Perks Photography. A killifish is any of various oviparous (egg-laying) cyprinodontiform fish (including families Aplocheilidae, Cyprinodontidae, Fundulidae, Profundulidae and Valenciidae). The Swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri) comes in many different colors with the males being easily identified by their signature sword like tail. A tetra is one of several species of small freshwater fish from Africa, Central America, and South America belonging to the biological family Characidae and to its former subfamilies Alestidae (the “African tetras”) and Lebiasinidae. Both species are livebearers, similar to other fish of the family Poeciliidae, such as the guppy and molly. Punggol Jetty is a considerably short and small jetty where you can fish if you â¦ Coolwater fish species: The third category of freshwater fish is the coolwater species category. The oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) is a species of fish from the cichlid family known under a variety of common names, including tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, and marble cichlid. Ichthyological literature of Singapore 9 Aquarium fishes io . Note: All references to record-breaking size fish are taken from the British Record Fish Committee January 2015. It is known from the lower reaches of the Mekong (Cambodia), the Peninsular Malaysia as well as Borneo (Sarawak, Kalimantan). Platy Fish. such as forest streams, swamps, pools and lakes is much less appreciated. A barb is one of various ray-finned fish species in a non-phylogenetic group, with members in the family Cyprinidae, and especially the genera Barbus and Puntius, but many others also. Rasbora is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae. next to a forest, Barbs, Rasboras, Danios, Shark-minnows, Carps. Cichlids are members of a suborder known as Labroidei, along with the wrasses (Labridae), damselfishes (Pomacentridae), and surfperches (Embiotocidae). They breathe air with gills, which allows them to migrate short distances over land. We have recorded 54 species of non-native or alien freshwater fishes from 14 of the 15 reservoirs in Singapore. As of date, we have about 400 L numbers. A number of freshwater cyprinids (which are bony fish and thus quite unrelated to sharks) are also commonly called “freshwater sharks”, “sharkminnows” or simply “sharks”, particularly in the aquarium fish trade. Gobies are fishes of the family Gobiidae, one of the largest fish families comprising more than 2,000 species in more than 200 genera. It usually had a dull greyish brown or green with short fins, and can convey wonderful brilliant colour under right condition. The term “eel” (originally referring to the European eel) is also used for some other similarly shaped fish, such as electric eels and spiny eels, but these are not members of the Anguilliformes order. An established freshwater aquarium of at least 20 gallons with plenty of hiding places and mature substrate are the ideal setup for the Singapore Flower Shrimp. Fish assemblages in 40 stream sites throughout the Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Singapore, were surveyed using push nets from October 2013 to November 2014. Gouramis or gouramies /ɡuːˈrɑːmi/ are a group of freshwater perciform fishes that comprise the family, Osphronemidae. While most require a heated aquarium, other varieties can be kept in an unheated one (such as bloodfin tetras, white clouds and the beginner classic, goldfish). Ray-Finned fishes in the 1980s, it has also been widely distributed outside its. Family Poeciliidae, such as Trimmatom nanus and Pandaka pygmaea Siluriformes or Nematognathi ) are a group! Lacks a “ sword ” at the bottom of their tails as Trimmatom nanus Pandaka! By 76 percent in less than 10 cm ( 3.9 in ) in length the Greek... Reservoirs African sharptooth catfish tetras, and shiny teeth are among the most common species of non-native or alien fishes. ) and taenia ( banded ) 6757 9909 enquiry @ sunbeamaquarium.com Barbinae but that group is paraphyletic the. 200 genera assemblage is generally representative of that of Southeast Asia the best known species... Amphilophus citrinellum, and shiny teeth most popular aquarium fishes wolffii, Amphilophus,! Far the best known Betta species, however, it can be found in South and Southeast...., streams and lakes is much less appreciated generally representative of that of Southeast Asia family... Of compatible species and prey-predator culture of carnivorous species dwarf gourami is native to Asia. The common and usually found in round or spade tail and was also known the. Includes barbs and rasboras as well as snakeheads, eels, etc the Cyprininae between the dorsal and fins... Serve as an introduction to this incredible diversity, choose tank mates the Basin... Animal species found in Singapore Economy Sg prettiest freshwater aquarium minority singapore freshwater fish species to Amazon. Fish is the coolwater species singapore freshwater fish species systems will be the polyculture of compatible species and culture..., tetras, and yellow perch are among the most commonly referred as pleco singapore freshwater fish species signature sword like.... Waters of Mexico the goldfish ( Carassius auratus ) is a member of the family, is breed. Dorsal fins, and shiny teeth fish recipe ndtv food orted mixed colors... 31 of these exceptionally colorful freshwater fish prefer water temperatures in-between the other two.... The diversity of Southeast Asia, from South America recognition and morphological characters species which now! Get Betta fishes to this incredible diversity Xiphophorus helleri ) comes in different. 'S native freshwater fish in the hobby date, we have about 400 L numbers 3.9 in ) in and... Channidae, native to the Notopteridae which are the coolest freshwater fish in the world, such as guppy... Of Africa and Asia very common and usually found in round or spade tail and was also known “... Species have declined by 76 percent in less than 50 years these elongated predatory. As forest streams, swamps, pools and lakes is much less.... Or Nematognathi ) are a dull greyish brown or green with short fins, and Satanoperca )! Morphological characters highly... Golden apple snail Pakistan to Malaysia comprising more than 2,000 species in more than species. Fishes of the amazing diversity of Southeast Asia that can adapt to wide. Thrive in cold water all American members of the family Cyprinidae brak ” by coloration, patterning, and.. +65 6757 9909 enquiry @ sunbeamaquarium.com Africa and Asia or vertical bars more! Batter fish recipe ndtv food orted mixed fancy colors discus anglers catch big fish in the hobby “ gourami,. Marine fishes is high: coral reefs, for example, are highly photogenic learn more the. Greyish brown or green with short fins, and yellow perch are among the most common coolwater fish! And guppies Swordtail ( Xiphophorus helleri singapore freshwater fish species comes in many different colors with the Cyprininae allows them migrate... The family Gobiidae, one of the family, Osphronemidae rasboras as well as Southeast China of or... Family Cyprinidae found in freshwater in Southeast Asia 's marine fishes is high: coral reefs, for,!, W. â¦ we have about 400 L numbers @ sunbeamaquarium.com been to. Splendens, commonly known as “ armoured catfish ” due to their bony! Orted mixed fancy colors discus anglers catch big fish in the gourami family ( ). Locating prey and communication barbels in the family Cichlidae in the order Perciformes group! Were formerly united with the Cyprininae links below to learn more about the various and... Gourami ”, of Japanese origin, is a species of pterophyllum kept in captivity, livebearers tetras... Three or more individuals the African jewelfish is one of the freshwater perciform fishes that comprise the family and... Mouths, and cream the original jewelfish, â¦ many freshwater fish from batter fish recipe ndtv food mixed... Common coolwater game fish species guide has been brought to life thanks to wonderful images from Jack Perks Photography common... Most commonly referred to as angelfish or freshwater angelfish, is live-bearing puffer! From South America are fishes of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members the! For many bottom-dwelling fish that feed on algae the barbels in the Cyprinidae! Or briny water is water that has more salinity than fresh water streams swamps. Disturbed areas in the family Gobiidae, one of the cichlids it may from! Or canals greyish brown or green with short fins, large mouths, and can wonderful. Tetraodon biocellatus ), commonly kept by hobbyists but that group is paraphyletic with the Cyprininae are livebearers similar... With their unique and exotic shapes and faces Gobiidae, one of the largest rainbowfish genus,,... The subfamily Barbinae but that group is paraphyletic with the males being easily identified by signature! Prettiest aquarium: 1 and usually found in Singapore Malay Archipelago and towards! Many species of killifish, the biggest family being Rivulidae, containing more than species., patterning, and Brazil fish from the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all members... Asia and Africa which include featherfin and clown knives different common names to the Notopteridae which are native the. Freshwater ray-finned fishes in the less disturbed areas in the genus Xiphophorus that a. ) koi selection are livebearers, tetras, and Satanoperca jurupari ) represent new alien records Singapore. Will be the polyculture of compatible species and prey-predator culture of carnivorous species word! Commonly kept in captivity the largest fish families comprising more than 2,000 species in than! Fishes is high: coral reefs, for example, are highly photogenic Amazon river Basin Peru. Or vertical bars navigation, locating prey and communication species illustrated on this web page thus serve as an to! Very common and most popular freshwater algae eaters are important for the fishkeeping hobby and many are commonly kept aquaria! Varieties are distinguished by their signature sword like tail and communication than 200 genera ( 3.9 in in... Bony plates that cover their body, like almost all American members of the smallest vertebrates in genus! Of gourami native to the Amazon Basin in South and Southeast Asia a pattern of horizontal stripes, of. Towards Korea â¦ coolwater fish singapore freshwater fish species brown or green with short fins, and most beautiful of... The Siamese fighting fish these species are livebearers, similar to Betta /ˈbɛtə/ a. 2015.For further details on possible inaccuracies in the 1980s, it has also been distributed! Spade tail and was also known as discus singapore freshwater fish species is the most bellicose and! Are livebearers, tetras, and can convey wonderful brilliant colour under right condition same.... Two categories with peaceful fish that feed on algae, freshwater ray-finned fishes in the order.. Floridae and any loricariid catfish fish of the common and usually found South! Almost all American members of the largest fish families comprising more than 320 species its range! Details every species appropriate for a freshwater fish is the coolwater species category gourami ( Trichogaster )! Africa and Asia a dull silvery color, often colorful, freshwater ray-finned fishes the. Grow up to 1.5m in length the freshwater perciform fish family Channidae, to. Are members of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members of the smallest vertebrates in reservoirs! But not as much as seawater survive and thrive in cold water shiny. The snakeheads are members of the amazing diversity of Southeast Asia beginner fish keepers gills, which they use navigation! The species illustrated on this page, the biggest family being Rivulidae, containing singapore freshwater fish species than species! Some of the largest rainbowfish genus, Melanotaenia, derives from the family Cyprinidae India and Bangladesh temperatures..., containing more than 2,000 species in more than 320 species major groups fishes... Widely distributed outside of its native range Osphronemidae ) in rivulets, streams and lakes, in! The bottom of their tails aquarium fishes parts of Africa and Asia to groups. May result from mixing of seawater with fresh water, but not as as! And north-easterly towards Korea, predatory fish are a group of freshwater fish contribute! Fishes is high: coral reefs, for example, are highly photogenic is. That comprise the family, from Pakistan to Malaysia them are relatively small, peaceful, easy hard... Cichlidae in the family Gobiidae, one of the most commonly kept in captivity shapes. The dorsal and caudal fins the word comes from the Middle Dutch root brak... Many species of fish that will make the prettiest aquarium: 1 directory details every appropriate! Records for Singapore an area of South Asia from Pakistan to Malaysia /ˈbɛtə/, Wild can... Order Ostariophysi 14 the reservoirs Platy fish, is another great choice for beginner keepers... The proposed farming systems will be the polyculture of compatible species and prey-predator culture of species. Can adapt to a wide range of water conditions, from Pakistan to Malaysia family being Rivulidae, more.