The schedules listed here are just examples. Best, Well, actually, not too much should change from their 6-7 month old schedule, in terms of timing, at least. I’d keep providing opportunities for her to continue touching of foods. His reflexes lately have been so strong that he’s thrown up. Switch formula? If you are concerned about how much your baby needs to eat, see this post on Portion Sizes. 8:00 a.m.: Baby wakes up and a new day’s routine starts. https://yourkidstable.com/feeding-therapy/. Your 8-month-old's bedtime routine might include a final feeding, bath and relaxing activities like reading, snuggling or singing a song together. My little one is 9 months and can feed herself soft things like pears, puffs and avocado. These strategies may help. By eight months, your baby is probably able to easily swallow mashed foods and beginning to chew soft and cooked solid foods. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. 05:00 pm 200ml breast milk I’m so glad you’re here! While feeding your baby, it’s best to try to stick to one feeding position and location. At this age, many babies eat solid food on a regular basis. *Times are given in a range of possible start times, not duration. Really stress. Do you have any high chair recommendations? Slowly increase the variety and quantity of solid food in your kid’s food chart. 1:00 lunch about 2 oz puree My son nurses in the morning, mid day and at bedtime. The two days when he is at day care he eats everything! I wish they discussed the health benefits of breastmilk/ pumped breastmilk vs cows milk for a 1 year old….for those that want to offer it. As your baby gradually starts eating more solid foods, the amount of infant formula he or she needs each day will likely start to decrease. Continue to feed your baby whenever she seems hungry. (in between he drinks milk from me but not for long ). 9:00 nap (no need to nurse!) Hi Along with the solid food, feed 25 to 32 ounces of formula milk of breast milk. She is just drinking like 300ML of formula and I don’t think it is enough nutritious for her. At this age, they may even be learning to grab finger foods and drink from a cup. I am trying to cut out two feedings this month so he is feeding 4 times and not 6. If they are not quite at this point, you will want to see the 6-7 Month Feeding Schedule for the foods I suggest for that age, but the timing of meals listed here will still be appropriate. I offer it always when she wakes up from her naps, but it takes us 2-3 times of offering it for her to drink 3 oz. (Get specific tips on how to tell whether your baby is getting enough breast milk or formula.) Health experts recommend that you wait at least four days between introducing new foods. We won't send you spam. ¼ – ½ cup cereal or mashed egg. 5:45 dinner Best, He will no longer eat peaches, fresh berries, banana, cheese when he is home with me. Desiree. Sorry for just getting back Alice, but this looks great! Hi Alisha, I see your schedule shows the last awake time is 4+ hours. Hope that helps! This helps develop a strong relationship between the place and the food. They are getting bigger and hungrier and will benefit from an established feeding routine. 5 Fun Ways to Grow Closer to Your Child During Dinner, Stress-Free Cooking with Toddlers and Kids: Recipes, Tips, and Activities, My 5 Favorite Gateway Foods for Picky Eaters, https://yourkidstable.com/feeding-therapy/, How to Transition your Baby to Table Foods, Your baby may start to show some preferences for certain types of food, that is normal. Hope everyone stays healthy! what amount of water must l give to 8 month baby per day. If you feel like your baby isn’t getting the hang of table foods or is consistently eating very small amounts of food at 10 months of age, then I would strongly suggest scheduling an evaluation through early intervention (if you live in the states) or seeking out a private or outpatient therapist. 8 am – 6 ounce of formula While your baby's first meals may have consisted of a teaspoon or two of cereal, once she gets the hang of eating, you can use the following baby feeding chart as a general guideline: 4 to 6 months 24 to 36 ounces of formula or milk (or five to eight nursing sessions a day) It is great that she is at least touching the food, as touching is the first step to eating. 8 month old sleeping in glider with mom! Every child has different needs, so please adjust according to your schedule. If you divide this between four nursing sessions, it is about 6–8 … Yes, you are totally right, I follow the AAP too, its just something to start thinking about if you’re planning on weaning at one. Refusing to drink formula after introducing solid food for a month. 3:30 4 oz bottle While preparing an 8-month-old baby’s meal, don’t mash the food completely. Although, you’ll want your child to eat something, you also have to be careful to balance not over catering to them either. I have a post on High Calorie Baby Food that might be helpful. Cow milk contains more salt, protein, calcium, and potassium than formula or breast milk. WHat about sizes or how to offer it? What’s the best feeding routine at 8 months? I was wondering the same thing! I was going to do before his nap time. I’m an S.I. But how much milk should he be drinking at this point? The other half should come from breast milk or formula. When we do other things like very soft chicken so far she just sucks the juice out of it and it hangs out in her mouth. I am not producing as much and can no longer pump for those 2 bottle feedings. I breast feed before breakfast before each meal, then in between. I’d definitely check with your doctor. They don’t actually need to drink any amount in particular, just give them the chance to have some sips throughout the day. The various baby milestones of 7-8 months baby will have a huge impact on 7-8 month baby schedule: 1. If there is a family history of food allergies, particularly for eggs, nuts, and dairy products, exercise extra caution. Right now he mostly wants puffs, freeze dried strawberries, pressed fruit bars, seaweed snacks, pickles. Do you think it’s okay if she’s only taking 8-12 oz formula/day?? And, 8-month-old babies take 2-3 naps daily for a total of 2-3 hours per day plus 11-12 hours at night. Most 6 to 12 month olds will need infant formula or solid foods about 5 to 6 times in 24 hours. Check out My Baby Won’t Eat and How to Transition to Table Foods. I’d also make sure to mention this to the pediatrician as well. Don’t get too focused on specific amounts of times, the intervals are what’s important. A diet planner will make it easy to ensure that the baby is steadily introduced to a variety of food. He takes a bottle with 8 oz. You will get familiar with your child’s cues gradually and can start to develop a schedule of sleeping, playing, and eating that meets the needs of your whole family. By following a schedule, it is easier for parents to provide adequate quantities of vegetables, food, and meat. Desiree, Hi I have a problem with my baby’s weight she’s four months and she weigh 5kg when she was born she weighed 3.25 so very worried she looks like a new born baby what can I do I want her to be very fat. So… what, when, and how much should they be eating at this point. Continue feeding your baby when he or she shows signs of hunger. See our full disclosure. The mother should respond to the infant’s cues of hunger in a prompt and relaxed manner, providing a quiet and comfortable environment for both herself and the baby. All of a sudden she just started turning away from baby foods maybe take a bite or 3 and doesn’t want any more. Not necessarily, if its been 2-3 hours then yes. My baby appears to have some digestive issue when she first goes to sleep at night. At eight months, your child needs about 750 to 900 calories per day, from which 400 to 500 calories should come from formula or breast milk (approximately 720 ml or 24 ounces per day). However, they’re still getting at least half their calories from formula or breast milk. You may also find that your baby does not want to eat at each meal, or doesn’t eat much – and that’s okay. We won't send you spam. See our full disclosure. Thanks! Excessive sugar intake may also suppress immunity and make children more prone to developing diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. **Babies are capable of being taught how to drink from a straw cup at 9 months of age, sometimes earlier. My baby is 7, going to 8 months but she doesn’t want me to spoon feed her, she grabs at the spoon and at the food and sometimes refuses to let go of the spoon in her mouth during feeding. I also feed my baby a bottle before naps (usually she eats 2-3 oz) then I do not know when to offer the bottle again. She will take her full bottle in the AM upon waking at 7, and will usually take most of it at 7:30 before bed… but the middle of the day bottles, feels like we are fighting her. You’re right! Alisha also has 3 boys of her own at home. ¼ – ½ cup fruit, diced (if your child is self- feeding) … 11:00 4 oz bottle upon waking My baby has been self-feeding since he was about 6 months old. . Every piece of content at Flo Health adheres to the highest editorial standards for language, style, and medical accuracy. Hey Amy, You can start increasing the quantity and variety of the foods in your 8-month-old baby’s diet. They will try to stand up holding a chair or sofa. What should the feeding schedule for an 8 month old look like? About 13 to 14 hours of sleep every 24 hours (including naps and overnight). Start thinking about weaning. Given that I see no point at telling women that they should start thinking about weaning at any particular point. We are 8.5 months old and still on Breast Milk – do puree foods regularly since 6 mo old and now working hard on trying to transitioning to table food for some meals. Once your baby is a few months old, you may be able to introduce a sleep/feed schedule that works for you. You can start to add a healthy snack, like mashed fruit, between meals. This is what I did: 6:30 wake up and breastfeed In most instances, they will still not need baby food any longer by their 10th month. So to make a feeding schedule for eight-month-old baby, the diet planner should also include these basic things: The kid should be fed solid food at least two or three times a day. I am wondering what times you would suggest to fit in a snack in replacement for a feeding. ), 6:00 PM: Dinner – Water in a straw cup, table foods (include a fruit/veggie, carbohydrate, and protein), and optional side of baby food. I love your schedule. Learn how your comment data is processed. I loved the breastfeeding article! Just take baby steps, you’ll get there! I just stumbled upon this as I searched for a feeding schedule for me 9, almost 10 month old. 3 pm – pureed fruit or yogurt (not more than 4 tbsp) I can definitely understand that this is a tricky time. Thanks so much! Another thing to keep in mind while preparing food for an eight-month-old baby is not to mash the food completely. Furthermore, eating too much salt during childhood has been shown to lead to higher risks of diseases such as hypertension, kidney disease, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases later in life. It’s okay if she sleeps differently, you just want to stick to the same interval! As you introduce new foods, look for possible allergic reactions such as hives, difficulty breathing, or rashes. Is that standard? By this age, they are probably easily swallowing mashed foods and even beginning to chew some more solid foods. Babies may start taking less milk in this period if they begin to eat more at meals. She will hold in her hand play with and drop it others I put in her mouth. He throw it’s around his tray but doesn’t think to eat it. but when it comes to naps. Replies to my comments 4 pm Brest feed (10 mins) Your email address will not be published. It may take awhile to get settled back onto the foods that you were. If possible, store foods for your baby in containers made of glass or steel. (If your child takes a longer nap, there will likely not be time for this, this snack time will probably only happen occasionally. It’s working for you guys and that’s perfect! What should I do. Check out this post on How to Transition your Baby to Table Foods. It will be best to follow her lead, at this age babies usually need to have milk every 3-4 hours. However, that doesn’t mean that your baby is necessarily consuming large amounts of either baby food or table foods. Best, When I put her down at night after last milk feed, she has been waking up numerous times and more recently she’s sometimes sick. Sticking to a schedule and being consistent on what you are offering can help tremendously. They also help minimize choking hazards and keep food mess more or less isolated. The timing can be adjusted as per the sleeping schedule of the baby. Feeding Your 1-Month-Old Baby. Please let me know what you think, I feel that I might be feeding my baby too much or maybe should be keeping feedings closer together. We understand how much of a challenge this time can be switching from purees to regular food! What is written here only makes sense for women who plan to wean at one year. Same as 6 to 8 months, PLUS; Picks up objects with thumb and forefinger (pincer grasp)Can transfer items from one hand to the other I’m glad you wrote this my daughter is 10 months and she drinks formula and was doing great with baby food. I’d give her a spoon to use during the feeding as well. I am looking for advice on formula feeding and introducing (more) solids/meals/snacks. Also, you can reach out to daycare to discuss their schedule to see if you can replicate at home. 2:00 nap I am concerned that the breast milk she takes might not provide with adequate nutrition, considering that she is now bigger…. With what food should I repleace this two breast milk meals? I hope that helps. She is on all table foods now, with purees to help with her BMs. Desiree. Read more about what to expect from feeding therapy. At this time she does have 6 teeth 4 at the bottom 2 at the top. I know it’s so frustrating, I’ve worked with so many babies for similar things, trust me, you’re not alone. Thank you. Best, For my third son James (11 months), the pureed foods were done half way into the 8th month except for normal pureed foods like yogurt and applesauce and the occasional pouch while we were out. Babies are very different when it comes to when they are ready to start with solid foods. However, you should continue to use formula or breast milk until their first birthday. Nothing working for 16 month old, not even cry-it-out! I have 10 months old baby. 08:00 pm cereals + formula, The problem is that I have to stop pumping because I have some health problems and baby doesnt want drink formula (eats only with baby cereals flakes). Eat together! peds OT too, trained in SOS so I am really vibing with your recommendations about transitioning off baby foods The schedule you laid out is LITERALLY our schedule to the T! He won’t let me feed him, so I don’t even know if he will eat yogurt or chia pudding at this point. Check out this list of baby activities that will give you an idea of things to do now, as well as things to do with baby as she grows. If she’s not getting enough formula and still under the age of 1, I’d reach out to your pediatrician, so that you can get onto a plan for making sure she obtains all her dietary needs! Offer 6-8 ounces at the most and see how much she takes:). My baby girl is 8 month old.still refuse to baby food.Just want breastmilk.thats why we are doing blw from last 2 weeks .but she is just playing with them.. Hey Thanks for reaching out! 7.30 pm – 8 pm – 5 ounce formula then bed The World Health Organization says 2 years, its really a personal choice and I think nursing is wonderful if you want to do that longer- my only suggestion is to have a game plan (when the time comes) for what nursings will be like after 1, because food will be really important at that point. Also she had cold and fever like 3 times within this 1 and a half month.I would like to know because of this baby’s appetite will change and lost interest in solid foods? I personally love the Tripp Trapp, it’s an investment though. I do think you’d get some great tips and what foods to try next with your daughter in our free workshop! Hope that helps! This can help your baby transition from pureed foods to solid foods more easily. Hi my DS is almost 8 months and i am a working mom, however, below is my feeding schedule but he is not a fat or a underweight baby he is healthy and active. The earlier these problems are addressed, the easier they are to overcome. So many good benefits! So to make a feeding schedule for eight-month-old baby, the diet planner should also include these basic things: The kid should be fed solid food at least two or three times a day. Having said that, there certainly are times when babies are having difficulty transitioning to table foods despite their parent’s best efforts. 8:00 breakfast about 2 oz puree Breakfast. By eight months, babies have usually tried a few different foods and probably found their favorites. He used to take spoon bites of puréed food in the beginning at 6 months and if he didn’t like it he would just make a face. of breastmilk twice a day (midmorning and late afternoon). 2 1/2 year old still not sleeping all night! I do recommend giving them whatever their full feeding is and then it depends on the meal. Thanks so much for the quick response. It doesn’t make sense to me….It almost make it seem like that is what we are “supposed” to do. 7:15 breastmilk It can be a struggle to get him to drink much due to a combination of teething, desire to be independent (who knew it started this young?!) Affiliate links are used below. Please help me. What does a day in the life with an 8-month-old look like? Your baby’s routine … I’m becoming concerned because he’s nearly 9 months and we haven’t gotten the solid foods down. Other times parents keep offering the baby food because they can really quantify how much their child has actually eaten. Doing the spacing allows them to not be overly full and able to be more interested in solid foods. Let’s say, for example, your 4-month-old wakes every 5 hours for a feeding. Start giving your baby opportunities to drink out of one at least once a day while they are learning, and find complete instructions here on how to teach them. Often she does a big burp. All Do you know these 21 sensory red flags? Currently, this is my favorite straw cup. Maybe try again soon, but I love the idea of letting her explore with the loaded spoon. Have a predictable bedtime routine. At this age, many 8-month-olds can sleep through the night, without a feeding, but some won’t and will continue to need 1-2 feedings up through 9+ months old. It would be a good idea to have a 7-month baby food chart in place. As you're creating a schedule for your baby, keep in mind that at 7 and 8 months most babies need: Solid foods two to three times a day, plus about 24 to 32 ounces of breast milk or formula in a 24-hour period. Or are 4-5oz half bottles recommended with 4-5oz meals immediately following? Some babies are still warming up to this eating thing, and breast milk/formula continue to provide the bulk of their nutrition. In the end, she only takes a little food. Hi Sara, not necessarily! Great first food ideas for older babies or young toddlers who are starting to self-feed. Also, note that by the end of this age range, your child will mostly, or totally, be eating table foods. A good feeding schedule for a 10-month-old should include at least 3–4 nursing sessions or bottles per day. But I think teething has created some very specific preferences. Your baby needs three meals a day with a snack or two in between. The wakings can go on for a couple of hours Yes, that’s what the AAP and WHO recommend too…. At 8 months, a great feeding schedule features lots of different tastes and textures including finger foods, with three meals a day and four milk feeds Why should I start to think about weaning at this age? I’d recommend reading this article to understand all options for feeding therapy if you become interested!! Perfect for parents of babies and young toddlers that want to teach them how to eat with simple steps. My baby refuses puree if it’s so close to her milk so I tried the following. Your email address will not be published. You’re doing great! Should I start just letting her explore with a spoon? If he’s going well then you’re all good! Be careful about food allergies, and don’t introduce cow milk until your child is one year old. It can take. That is great! Breastfeeding: On demand, every 2 to 4 hours, or 7 to 12 times a day. We do have a free workshop that can help with tips and strategies for transitioning to table foods. 6 Month Old Feeding Schedule (works for 7 month olds too) *Times are given in a range of possible start times, not duration. Feeding Your 8-Month-Old Baby. For the past few weeks she is ignoring to eat the solids. Unfortunately, many times pediatricians advise to wait it out, but trained feeding therapists (usually OT’s and SLP’s) are able to catch early signs of underlying sensory or motor difficulties. From 6–8 months old, feed your baby half a cup of soft food two to three times a day. A Day in the Life. Avoid salt and sugar, and try to store leftovers in glass or steel. This is so normal for this age! A 10-month-old baby should be drinking at least 24–32 ounces of breast milk or formula every 24 hours. 7-Month-Old Feeding Schedule. Click the box to get your free 5 page guide right in your inbox! Solid foods at least twice or three times a day along with 25 to 32 ounces of formula or breast milk every 24 hours. Guide for Breast-feeding (Zero to 12 Months) In the early days after a baby’s birth, the mother should plan to breast-feed every two to three hours, including overnight. Free tips and strategies sent straight to your inbox! I just feel like he’s not getting enough breast milk. Take a look at those and let me know if you have any questions! Alisha Grogan is a licensed occupational therapist and founder of Your Kid’s Table. she majorly depends on breast milk for her nutrition, and she doesn’t like to take baby formula. 5.30 pm – dinner (mostly chicken soup with 1 tbsp brown rice) or a mashed vegetable. I love to have other therapists reading. 12 to 24 Months Old Slowly increase the variety and quantity of solid food in your kid’s food chart. So happy you found our article useful Anytime there is a cold or multiple colds appetites can change. my Lo usually have her naps for 30minutes or an hour only. Your baby's daily menu now includes mashed or pureed solids (aka baby food), which should provide about half of your 8-month-old baby’s caloric needs. My boobs are more full of milk as she’s not drinking so much in day or night any more as she has a good intake of food so I’m wondering if she’s getting too much foremilk on last feed? You may be wondering how much to feed your 1-month-old baby as she grows. It is one of the biggest mistakes I see parents make. I hope you signed up for the newsletter, I think you will like a lot of my other stuff too! Ultimate List of Mealtime Must Haves for Baby. I would try to space out her last feed and bedtime a little more so that you do have more time in between so have her stay upright and work on that digestion. While 8-month olds have shifting sleep needs, they still need quite a bit of sleep. Without following 8 month old feeding schedule, your baby may be eating enough volume of food but they may not be getting a balanced amount of diet. All the time! and lack of interest. Hopefully, by the time your baby is 8 months old, you are getting into a bit of a routine and having regularly scheduled meals. At 12 months, it’s around 16 oz, but at your son’s age, it could be up to 24 oz. I know that may sound shocking to some of you, because many American parents like the safety net of baby food. . Good Question, I think that’s great Tabitha. And, this feeding schedule will continue for 9 and 10 month olds, too. Feeding your baby: 6–8 months old. The schedule that you find below is created with the assumption that your child is transitioning well. Desiree. Make sure you have one preferred food at each meal and continue to offer new ones. What are the best foods for an 8-month-old baby? At 4 months, your baby should drink about 4 to 6 ounces per feeding. Even though your 8-month-old needs plenty of sleep, getting her to settle down can be tough. Motor Skill Development. It sounds like she might not be quite ready for chicken just yet. Your baby can eat anything except honey, which she shouldn't eat until she is a year old. Why do you prefer a Straw Cup over a 360 Spoutless sippy/trainer cup. My daughter is 10 months old now.We introduced her solid foods when she was 6 months old.Initially she was doing great with the solids. 11.30 am – 4-5 ounce formula You can also try introducing a sippy cup and finger foods. Babies at this age often take two naps during the day — one in the morning and the other in the afternoon. He will touch some foods like banana, fresh berries, meatball, cheese… and immediately drop it back onto table or floor. Now we are cutting into pieces the boiled vegetables in order to make her feel the texture. Affiliate links used below. feeding schedule for your eight-month-old baby, Eight feeding tips for an 8-month-old baby, Baby Bathtub: What Parents Need to Know About Baby Bath Seats and Tubs, Breastfeeding While Sick FAQs: What You Should Know, How to Cut Baby Nails Safely: A Step-by-Step Guide, Foods to Avoid While Breastfeeding: 5 Foods That Decrease Milk Supply, Using Short-Term Disability for Maternity Leave: A Comprehensive Guide, Colostrum FAQs: Health Benefits and Other Key Facts, Diaper Rash: Common Causes and Effective Treatment. My biggest question for you is– she is SERIOUSLY over her milk (formula). Signs of readiness for solid and finger foods. Unsubscribe at any time. It’s hard not knowing how many oz they. Social interaction with their primary caregivers lets children play and work on developing new skills. Hello, for a 9 month old baby do you recommend doing a full 7-8oz bottle & then meals immediately to follow. You can start increasing the quantity and variety of the foods in your 8-month-old baby’s diet. *Update: Get feeding schedules for 8-10 month olds and 11-14 month olds at the end of this post. Swap fried foods for steamed vegetables and fruits. Ideally in the next month or so he’ll have more solid naps, but it may be appropriate for him to have 3 naps right now. Age: 8 to 10 months. While creating an 8-month-old’s feeding schedule, remember that most babies this age need the following: Solid foods at least twice or three times a day along with 25 to 32 ounces of formula or breast milk every 24 hours. They no longer need the calories from breastfeeding or formula once they turn one. 02:00 pm lunch meat&veggies Thanks for joining the Your Kid's Table community! The schedule you see here may look a little different for you, that’s okay, but you want to see some similarities and patterns similar to this one because this sets the stage for that easy transition to eating meals with the family. Meal Plan For an 8-Month-Old Baby: Examples and Schedule, Find out what you can do with our Health Assistant, https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/feeding-nutrition/Pages/Sample-One-Day-Menu-for-an-8-to-12-Month-Old.aspx. Here you’ll find a practical baby feeding schedule for your 8-12-month-old baby. Now, it’s frustrating because his way of refusing food is by gagging before he even takes a bite of the food. Thanks for this useful and wonderful article. Keep a watch on her hunger cues and set a routine. In total, babies need about 750 to … You’ll find more of my best tips for nailing a feeding schedule for your 8 (or 9 or 10) month old below the actual schedule, 6:30-7:00 AM: Wake-Up – Breastfed/Bottle upon waking, 7:00-7:30 AM: Breakfast – Water available in a straw cup**, table foods (include a fruit/veggie, carbohydrate, and protein), and optional side of baby food, 11:30-12:00 PM: Lunch – Water in a straw cup, table foods (include a fruit/veggie, carbohydrate, and protein), and optional side of baby food, 3:30 PM: Breastfed/Bottle upon waking, immediately followed by an optional small snack such as fruit and crackers/dry cereal/rice cake. Hi my doughter 8th month old and she getup after 9 am so when should I give solid to her and how. Sample Baby-Led Weaning Feeding Schedule (for an 8 Month Old Baby) This a basic daily routine for 8 months through 1 year, where most babies take 2 naps. At what point do I get concerned? Hello!! I’d try not to change them too much from what she was eating prior to being sick then after she is accepting again, start working your way back up! I think it’s a bit of a personal call, but i’m sure you’re aware, the AAP recommends not reducing for a year. This post is awesome, but all of the links takes me to a “no results found” page? 8-Month-Old Schedule Your eight-month-old is now awake for about 10 hours per day. Thanks so much! And get a builder that allows you to put together your own successful meal! I am freaking out because at this point it’s going in a week so I dont know weather to give her more table foods and less baby foods or maybe try the teething gel but I will try both options. Desiree. A correct mix of all these nutrients is found in a wide variety of food items. Your 8-month-old will still be taking 24 to 32 ounces of formula or breast milk every day. If you need help with this process, I have two very detailed tutorials that you can find here and here. Cow milk doesn’t contain the essential nutrition that your baby needs at this age, so wait until they turn one before introducing it. She is just wanting real food. Sometimes parents are worried that they will choke or don’t like seeing that occasional gag.