Tropical Depression Eight formed on August 2 southwest of Bermuda from a tropical wave that left the African coast on July 22. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Early on July 8, the hurricane briefly moved over Granma Province in southeastern Cuba. On the next day, it strengthened into a hurricane. (RECAP: 2005 Hurricane Season by the Numbers) The tracks of all 28 storms that occurred in the 2005 season. After moving away from the state, Ophelia weakened to tropical storm status for a fourth and final time due to stronger wind shear and dry air. [30] In May 2020, researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the University of Wisconsin at Madison built upon this research and, for the first time, established a statistically significant global trend toward more intense tropical cyclones, particularly in the Atlantic basin. 05EA14 Operations Update No. About 80% of the city and 83% of neighboring Jefferson Parish evacuated ahead of the storm. [115] When Philippe formed in September 17th, Philippe became the earliest 16th named storm on record until the record was shattered by 2020's Hurricane Paulette by 10 days. Stan was part of a broader weather system across Central America that killed 1,513 people in Guatemala, where damage was estimated at US$996 million. [46] Alpha killed 26 people in the Caribbean. XML index of all Tropical Cyclone Reports, Atlantic | Eastern Pacific | Central Pacific, 2001 North Atlantic Hurricane Season Track Map (click to enlarge). [147] On November 28, Mexico declared a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo's 11 municipalities. Just better. 2001.08.23. Honolulu, HI 96822 [42][43][41][44] Wilma dropped historic rainfall while drifting across the Yucatán peninsula. At this time, the Atlantic basin, which includes the entire Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico, is at the highest risk of damage. It later crossed the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico, turning northeast. [160] Over the next couple of days, the system developed a low-level circulation and atmospheric convection increased as it moved north-westwards, before the NHC classified it as Tropical Storm Zeta during December 30. [4][5], The first of these forecasts was issued by CSU, which predicted on December 5, 2004 that the season would be above average and feature 11 named storms, 6 hurricanes and 3 intense hurricanes. 2001 Atlantic Hurricane Season. [8], In their July forecast update, TSR anticipated that the season would be exceptionally active and well above average; the group increased their forecast to 15.3 tropical storms, 8.8 hurricanes, and 4.1 major hurricanes, with an ACE rating of 190. With Forest Whitaker, Isaiah Washington, Shad Moss, Taraji P. Henson. [64] Vince transitioned into a tropical storm on the following day and was upgraded to a hurricane shortly thereafter. Late on September 21, Rita strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane, and the next day it attained peak winds of 180 mph (285 km/h). The disturbance eventually traveled into the western Caribbean Sea, where it organized into a tropical depression southeast of Cozumel around 12:00 UTC on October 1. [49][80] In Jamaica, Emily produced 15.43 in (392 mm) of rainfall; associated flooding killed five people on the island. The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season began on June 1st, 2001 and ended November 30th, 2001. The remnants of the depression continued westward and moved along the northern shore of Honduras, merging with parts of a larger low pressure system. Epsilon attained peak winds of 85 mph (140 km/h) on December 5, maintaining its intensity due to low wind shear. [15] The 28 nameable storms (27 named storms and one unnamed subtropical storm) set the record for most storms, surpassing the total of 20 from 1933. [32] Rainfall in the United States reached 12.80 in (325 mm) near Camden, Alabama.[68]. [83], On July 26, Bermuda recorded wind gusts of 37 mph (59 km/h) while the storm made its closest approach. The storm attained peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) as it moved through the eastern Azores, where Santa Maria Island reported sustained winds up to 40 mph (60 km/h). [65] In November, the extratropical remnants of Delta struck the Canary Islands, causing 7 fatalities, with 12 people missing. [38][119][117] Early in its evolution, Rita flooded houses in northern Cuba and the Florida Keys. [128], On September 30, a tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Nineteen to the west of Cabo Verde. The storm briefly threatened Bermuda as it turned to the northwest and began a counterclockwise loop. Frequent lulls in convection over the tropical Pacific also contributed to the strength of these ridges, focusing hurricane activity in the Atlantic. FEMA expended $342.5 million to the 227,321 approved applicants. [16][18] The season's activity was reflected with an ACE rating of 250, the second-highest value on record in the Atlantic basin, after the 1933 season. Cookie-policy; To contact us: mail to admin@qwerty.wiki This depression quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Nate, which moved slowly northeastward. [169] This surpassed the previous record for the number of hurricane names retired after a single season, four (held by the 1955, 1995, 2004 seasons, and later the 2017 season). Turning northward, the hurricane weakened as it approached the northern Gulf Coast. It organized into Tropical Storm Rita later that day. [61][60], Delta originated from a broad and non-tropical low-pressure area that arose 1,380 miles (2,220 km) southwest of the Azores on November 19, initially moving northeast along the trailing fringes of a passing cold front. [31], The storms of the season were extraordinarily damaging and were responsible for significant loss of life. [88] Harvey was the earliest eighth named storm on record before being surpassed by Hurricane Hanna during the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season. At this time, the Atlantic basin, which includes the entire Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico, is at the highest risk of damage. On August 15, the storm turned to the north, passing between Bermuda and North Carolina. The former killed 16 people and left US$1.4 billion in damage when it struck Cuba twice. Damage in the United States was estimated at $70 million. [120][117] Rita's approach to the U.S. Gulf Coast prompted one of the largest mass evacuations in the country's history, with an estimated 3.7 million people fleeing the Texas coast between Corpus Christi and Beaumont. This culminated in the cyclone attaining Category 5 hurricane status, reaching peak winds of 185 mph (295 km/h) and setting a record for the lowest barometric pressure in an Atlantic hurricane; at 12:00 UTC on October 19, the Hurricane Hunters recorded a pressure of 882 mbar (26.0 inHg) in the center of the tiny, well-defined eye of Wilma. [26], In addition to the unusually high amount of tropical activity, the 2005 season also featured an abnormally high amount of storms in the typically inactive early and latter parts of the season. It moved to the northwest without much initial development. [69], Between June 24 and June 27, a tropical wave and weak low-pressure area moved in tandem across Central America and eastern Mexico. The NHC continued to monitor the remnant as it headed towards the East Coast of the United States. [140], Subtropical Storm Vince formed in the eastern Atlantic near Madeira on October 8 from the same non-tropical low that absorbed the unnamed subtropical storm. [43] Torrential rainfall across this region killed 1,513 people in Guatemala,[42] making it the deadliest natural disaster in the country's history. Glossary, Privacy Policy The storm gradually weakened and eventually dissipated northwest of the Azores on August 14. Typhoon Pabuk Career Opportunities, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [50] Wilma killed 12 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica. Advertisement. The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season was an active season, featuring 17 named storms, 15 hurricanes, and 7 major hurricanes. ... and the first since Tropical Storm Barbara in 2001. These factors reduced vertical wind shear and favored cyclonic flow, creating an environment highly supportive of tropical development. This new system would become Tropical Depression Twelve over the Bahamas and, eventually, Hurricane Katrina. [65] The storm left minor flooding in some areas. The depression degenerated after moving westward for about 24 hours. Epsilon lasted as a hurricane until December 7, the most for any Atlantic tropical cyclone in December. [73] The same tornado inflicted severe damage to 11 planes and 5 vintage helicopters at Tara Field and impacted hundreds of homes to some degree. [97][98] The hurricane quickly crossed Florida and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico. Early on September 19, Philippe attained hurricane status and reached peak winds of 80 mph (130 km/h) a day later. Franklin held the record for the earliest sixth named storm until it was broken by Tropical Storm Fay in 2020. The depression quickly became Tropical Storm Erin. [33] Across the region, the hurricane flooded and ruined about 350,000 vehicles. [48][77] Dennis brought torrential rain to Jamaica, reaching 24.54 in (623 mm) in Mavis Bank. The United States National Hurricane Center[nb 1] named 27 storms, exhausting the annual pre-designated list and resulting in the usage of six Greek letter names, and also identified an additional unnamed storm during a post-season re-analysis. Lorenzo, Michelle, and Olga were used for the first time in 2001. [75], A tropical wave led to the development of Tropical Depression Four in the southeastern Caribbean late on July 4 and further strengthened into Tropical Storm Dennis early the next day. [70], The cyclone dropped heavy rainfall, reaching at least 10.47 in (266 mm) in El Raudal, Veracruz. The unusual activity was attributed to a persistent high pressure area over the Southeastern United States, the northeastward displacement and amplification of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over the eastern Pacific, and above average sea surface temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico. [45][144] There were four deaths in Mexico, and nationwide damage was estimated at US$454 million ($4.8 billion MXN). About Us Tropical Depression Ten formed between the Lesser Antilles and Cabo Verde on August 13 from a tropical wave that entered the Atlantic five days earlier. NWS W-HFO.webmaster@noaa.gov, Disclaimer So there is no reason to think that the 2001 hurricane season or any particular coming year will be exceptionally catastrophic, the scientists said. [16], The hardest-hit area was the United States Gulf Coast from eastern Texas to Florida, affected to varying degrees by Arlene, Cindy, Dennis, Katrina, Ophelia, Rita, Tammy, and Wilma. [15], The Gulf of Mexico saw record levels of tropical activity in 2005, with 11 named storms entering the basin. Hurricane experts noted that establishing a conclusive relationship would be difficult given the significant role that natural variability plays on hurricane formation and significantly improved tropical cyclone detection methods compared to decades past. Producing occasional bursts of convection, the mid-level remnant circulation eventually merged with another system. Similarities to the 2000 season include overall activity much above climatological levels and A tropical wave, the same that spawned Tropical Storm Franklin, moved off Africa on July 10. [64], On October 5, Tropical Storm Tammy developed east of Florida following the interaction of a tropical wave and an upper-level trough. The season had 17 tropical cyclones.Out of the 17 cyclones, 15 became named storms, 9 became hurricanes, and 4 became major hurricanes. Tammy weakened as it moved inland, crossing southern Georgia and Alabama. The hurricane's large circulation also damaged houses in other nearby islands. A series of international workshops were established after 2005. On September 14, the northern eyewall moved over the North Carolina coast from Wilmington to Morehead City. Miami, FL, 33165 After five years of analysis, researchers were unable to confirm whether the recent increase in tropical cyclone activity could be attributed more to climate change than natural variability. Iris was the second-strongest storm of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season, behind Hurricane Michelle. Every year, the Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30 with the peak period occurring from early August through the end of October. [43], Stan killed 80 people in Mexico, and damage in the county was estimated at US$1.2 billion ($13.2 billion MXN). In Miami Beach, Florida, a student died when she was caught in a rip current. Ophelia fluctuated between hurricane and tropical storm intensity for the next week as it meandered off the southeastern United States. [28] The activity in later parts of the 2005 season was elevated by the unusual development of four tropical cyclones from non-tropical origins over the eastern Atlantic. The remnants of Tropical Storm Tammy and Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two contributed to flooding over the northeastern United States that killed 10 people. The final storm – Zeta – formed in late December and lasted until January 6, 2006. [33], On August 27, the New Orleans National Weather Service issued an urgent weather bulletin describing potentially catastrophic impacts, comparing Katrina to Hurricane Camille of 1969. On Bermuda, Harvey dropped 5.02 in (128 mm) of rainfall at Bermuda International Airport, flooding some roads. Jose was the earliest 10th named storm until surpassed by Tropical Storm Josephine in 2020. [4] They also noted that the Caribbean and the entire United States coastline faced an increased risk of a major hurricane making landfall. Some weather models predicted relaxing shear and intensification of the system;[93] however, the hostile conditions ripped the system apart, and the NHC discontinued advisories on August 14 when no organized deep convection remained. Most of the 2001 season's activity occurred in the subtropics and no TC reached hurricane strength in the area south of 23°N and east of 70°W. [167] 2020 subsequently became the second such season. tropical storm strength. [136] Road damage in Costa Rica from Stan and earlier Hurricane Rita was estimated at US$57 million (₡28 billion (CRC). [112], The interplay of a cold front and a trough led to the development of Tropical Depression Sixteen over the northern Bahamas on September 6. The research not only reaffirmed a trend toward stronger, wetter tropical cyclones, but it also identified a trend toward increased rapid intensification events and a general slowing of tropical cyclones' forward motion near land. Early on October 5, the storm merged with the cold front; later that day, its remains were absorbed by a non-tropical low. This was the same list used for the 1999 season, with the exceptions of Franklin and Lee, which replaced Floyd and Lenny. [132] The flooding killed 69 people in the country, and damage from the two disasters was estimated at US$355.6 million. MIAMI, Florida (CNN) -- Hurricane experts released modified forecasts Friday for the 2001 Atlantic Hurricane Season, warning of a stronger season … The system encountered unfavorable conditions as it turned westward and degenerated into a remnant low on October 10, before becoming extratropical on the following day. High pressure directed the cyclone toward the west-northwest, and the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Stan shortly before making landfall along the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. The season shattered numerous records, with 28[1] tropical or subtropical storms recorded. The same trough created unfavorable conditions, causing Nate to weaken quickly back to tropical storm status. The tropical cyclone moved northwest and steadily organized as upper-level winds became more conducive. The storm intensified further in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, reaching winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) early on June 11. Fifteen tropical storms developed, with nine becoming hurricanes and four major hurricanes. [106], A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on August 24. The season officially started on June 1, 2000, and it ended on November 30, 2000. In August, Katrina reached peak winds in the Gulf of Mexico but weakened by the time it struck the U.S. states of Louisiana and Mississippi. The storm attained peak winds of 40 mph (65 km/h) while located between Bermuda and the Azores. Within their final update for the year, CSU predicted that October would feature three named storms, two hurricanes and one major hurricane.[13]. [32], The outer rainbands of Dennis produced widespread flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing at least 56 people and leaving US$50 million in damage. [33], Hurricane Katrina imparted catastrophic damage in portions of Louisiana and Mississippi, with overall damage estimated at $125 billion; this makes Katrina the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history, tied with Hurricane Harvey in 2017. On September 24, Rita made landfall near the Texas–Louisiana border with sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km/h). Hurricane Felix was the seventh tropical cyclone, sixth named storm, and the second hurricane of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season. The high pressure area also steered incoming storms into the Gulf of Mexico. [73] Rainfall in the United States peaked at 9.50 in (241 mm) in Saint Bernard, Louisiana. [40] Collectively, Emily and earlier Hurricane Dennis left about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. [111] Rip currents caused by hurricanes Nate and Maria killed one person in New Jersey, and severely injured another person. Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 26, which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm a day later over Atlantic Canada. The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season was a fairly active Atlantic hurricane season. [154], The Colombian island of Providencia was subjected to hurricane-force winds for several hours as the center of the storm moved very slowly by the island. [44] El Salvador's Santa Ana Volcano erupted on October 1, occurring simultaneous to the flooding. Around 10:00 UTC on October 23, Alpha made landfall near Barahona, Dominican Republic, with winds of 50 mph (85 km/h). [135] There were also three deaths in Nicaragua and one in Costa Rica. [161], The list below highlights the names used in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. The remnants of Maria brought heavy rainfall to Norway, triggering a landslide in Bergen that killed three people and injured seven others. [153], Late on October 26, the same tropical wave that spawned Tropical Storm Alpha led to the formation of Tropical Depression Twenty-Six over the southwestern Caribbean Sea. [60] The cyclone briefly attained tropical storm status, but wind shear prevented further development of the system, and advisories were discontinued on November 16 as it lost its closed circulation about 305 mi (490 km) southeast of Kingston, Jamaica. [154] In Honduras and Nicaragua, over 1,000 structures were damaged by the storm, hundreds of which were destroyed. [73], Across the United States, the hurricane caused $320 million in damage and three fatalities – one in Georgia from flooding, and two in Maryland from a car crash. [160] As a result, Zeta became the second latest-forming tropical cyclone in the Atlantic on record behind Alice of December 1954. On July 30, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone south of Nova Scotia, and a day later it was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near Newfoundland. [133][134] In Honduras, the weather system killed seven people and left US$100 million in damage. However, Beta weakened to a Category 2 prior to landfall in Nicaragua. The United States federal government spent $110.6 billion in relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts, including $16 billion toward rebuilding houses, which was the nation's largest ever housing recovery project. Jose made landfall in the Mexican state of Veracruz near the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station on August 23. The remnants moved to the north and northeast, steered by a larger non-tropical system to the north. A day later, New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin issued the city's first-ever mandatory evacuation. This allowed the persistence of the anomalously warm sea surface temperatures that had contributed to the active 2004 hurricane season; this warmth remained until November 2005. A tropical wave interacted with this feature to form a tropical depression near the Turks and Caicos Islands on September 18. ", "The strongest, most dangerous hurricanes are now far more likely because of climate change, study shows", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Dennis, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Katrina, "Hurricane Katrina Service Assessment Report", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ophelia, "The deadliest, costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts)", Costliest U.S. tropical cyclones tables updated, Características e Impacto Socioeconómico de los Principales Desastres Ocurridos en la República Mexicana en el Año 2005, One year after Stan, Guatemala needs more assistance, Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change Guatemala, Final Report of the RA IV Hurricane Committee Twenty-Eighth Session, Caribbean: Hurricanes Dennis & Emily Appeal No. 1.4 billion and grants for hazard mitigation projects exceeded $ 141.5 million through the Lesser Antilles infrastructure damage to.! 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