The Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the Bog of Allen in Ireland are two large peat bogs. It is one of the four main types of wetlands.Other names for bogs include mire, mosses, quagmire, and muskeg; alkaline mires are called fens. Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Geography What is peat? Learn more. peat. Peatlands and their surrounding plant life work to trap the CO2 released by the decomposing peat. Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. Most of the peat bogs that exist today formed since the retreat of the glaciers after the last ice age around 12,000 years ago. Peat, or turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation.Peat forms in wetland bogs, moors, mires, and swamps.. Peat is made up of primarily wetland vegetation. Cold, dry wind from the north found on the mediterranean coast of France. Peat: The Most Efficient Carbon Sink In The World. Scientists believe that the peat in these peatlands has been forming for 360 million years. This includes bog plants such as mosses, shrubs and sedges. Peatland ecosystems are the most efficient carbon sinks in the world, which means the area stores carbon and carbon-containing substances for long periods of time. Peat is usually cut by hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry. Partially decayed plant matter found in bogs and burned for fuel in Ireland. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%. A peatland is an area with a naturally accumulated peat layer at the surface (with or without surface vegetation). It is…. Peat is the accumulation of organic material (e.g., plants or mosses) that has been formed on the spot and has not been transported after its formation. A bog or bogland is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss. Mistral. With the increasing weight of additional deposits and water, the lower deposits are compressed and carbonized. Peat. Peat definition is - turf. peak in Geography topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English peak peak 1 / piːk / W3 noun [ countable ] 1 time [ usually singular ] BEST the time when something or someone is best, greatest, highest, most successful etc at something’s peak The British … World Geography Chapter 10 … Peatlands are a type of wetlands which are among the most valuable ecosystems on Earth: they are critical for preserving global biodiversity, provide safe drinking water, minimise flood risk and help address climate change. Peat bogs may be from 5 to 30 feet (1.5 to 9 meters) deep. 2: partially carbonized vegetable tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants (such as mosses of the genus Sphagnum) georgia_parker99. Formation. peat definition: 1. a dark brown substance like soil that was formed by plants dying and becoming buried. [clarification needed] A baygall is another type of bog found in the forest of the Gulf Coast states in the USA. ... Chapter 9 and 10 World Geography 35 Terms. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants. Where the water level is stable near the surface (just Peat consists of organic matter, mineral matter and water. Peat forms when plant material, usually in marshy areas, is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions. a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel. 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