NACRES NA.23 By changing the pH of the solution, you can change the charge state of the solute. Struvite crystallizes in the orthorhombic system as white to yellowish or brownish-white pyramidal crystals or in platey mica-like forms. The magnesium can be found in soil, seawater as well as drinking water. Filter, if necessary, wash any precipitate, add sufficient 6 N ammonium hydroxide to the filtrate to produce a slight precipitate, and then dissolve the precipitate by the addition of 1 mL of 2 N nitric acid. Struvite crystallizes in the orthorhombic system as white to yellowish or brownish-white pyramidal crystals or in platey mica-like forms. Fiske and Logan 2 have noted the effect of magnesium, phosphate and sulphate on the solubility of calcium oxalate but have not presented quantitative data. But I am going to add some ammonia. 4) Slightly soluble in water, soluble in dilute acids, but insoluble in ethanol Test for phosphate (Vol. Solutions of these salts mere prepared with redis- 22H 2 O, while at pH > 8 and high K concentrations, K-struvite becomes stable. Magnesium ions are necessary for many biological systems to work, though the amount of magnesium ions you can add in a phosphate buffer is limited by the relatively low solubility of magnesium phosphate. The solubility of calcium, magnesium, and zinc in human and bovine milks was measured experimentally from pH 2 to 7. pH and pK a equilibria relevant Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Dimagnesium phosphate, 7757-86-0. Struvite urinary stones and crystals form readily in the urine of animals and humans that are infected with ammonia-producing organisms. Solubility Phase … 6H2O. magnesium phosphate. Calcium carbonate. Answer: Mg3 (PO4)2 ( Magnesium Phosphate ) is Insoluble in water. Answer =  AsH3  ( Arsine )  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? It dissolves in water, forming phosphoric acid and depositing a solid precipitate of Mg (HPO 4). Magnesium phosphate is a general term for salts of magnesium and phosphate appearing in several forms and several hydrates: The solubility of MAP in water is 154g/l at 25C/77F (that's at most 15.4%) acid and lowering the pH. These are differentiated from the urates by color and the pH of the urine. 3 H 2 O: Molecular Weight (g/mol) 174.34: MDL Number: MFCD00150390: InChI Key: OKIWLDVQGKRUNR-UHFFFAOYSA-L: Synonym: magnesium hydrogen phosphate trihydrate,dimagnesium phosphate,unii-hf539g9l3q,magnesium phosphate dibasic trihydrate,magnesium 2+ trihydrate hydrogen phosphate,magnesium 2+ ion trihydrate hydrogen phosphate… Recovery of phosphorus from wastestreams as struvite and recycling those nutrients into agriculture as fertilizer appears promising, particularly in agricultural manure and municipal waste water treatment plants. Question =  Is C4H10 polar or  nonpolar   ? 4) Dissolve 100 mg in 0.5 ml of diluted acetic acid TS and 20 ml of water. Even a chemical-free, electric method of removing and preventing struvite has been developed and tested successfully at wastewater treatment plants in the USA. Question =  Is CLO3- polar or  nonpolar  ? The answer is 3.5x10^-28. Struvite, also referred to as MAP, forms when there is a mole to mole to mole ratio (1:1:1) of magnesium, ammonia and phosphate in the wastewater. Struvite stones are potentiated by bacterial infection that hydrolyzes urea to ammonium and raises urine pH to neutral or alkaline values. Struvite can be a problem in sewage and waste water treatment, particularly after anaerobic digesters release ammonium and phosphate from waste material. [15], "Suspected "glass" in canned fish actually natural crystal", "Urinary relative supersaturations of calcium oxalate and struvite in cats are influenced by diet", "Laboratory and in-situ reductions of soluble phosphorus in swine waste slurries", "Sewage plant carries sweet smell of phosphorus", "Reclaiming minerals from waste water to make fertilizer", Website of the European Phosphorus Platform about Phosphorus Recovery, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Struvite&oldid=992854820, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Colorless, white (dehydrated), yellow or brownish, light gray, Slightly soluble, dehydrates in dry, warm air, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 13:34. Having struvite scale in a wastewater treatment system can lead to great inefficiency within the plant or operation due to clogging of the pipes, pumps and equipment. Since solubility equilibrium reactions are heterogeneous, the ionic solid is omitted from the K sp expression. The term insoluble is often applied to poorly or very poorly soluble compounds. [8] In the past, surgery has been required to remove struvite uroliths in cats; today, special acidifying low magnesium diets may be used to dissolve sterile struvite stones.[9]. Answer =  CF2Cl2  (Dichlorodifluoromethane)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? Use of struvite as an agricultural fertilizer was in fact first described in 1857. Abundant amorphous phosphate crystals, several squamous and non-squamous epithelial cells and a few leukocytes can also be observed. Amorphous phosphate: These are granular in shape like amorphous urates. Question =  Is CF2Cl2 polar or  nonpolar ? solubility isotherms in a phase diagram to provide complete information on the solubility as a function of pH and other solution parameters as described next. Solubility: Soluble in water (25°C), may discolor in pH < 6, best when used in emulsion based products at pH between 5,5 – … Table 1 lists the Ksp values of the various calcium phosphate com-pounds that herve been determined by clifferent ir.rvcstigators. For the conductivity measurements, magnesium chloride, sodium chlo- ride, and secondary sodium phosphate were purified by recrystallization from commercial salts. There have been a few options to solve this issue, including replacing the pipes, or using a hydro-jetter or a mechanical grinder to clear them. Struvite precipitates in alkaline urine, forming kidney stones. Question =  Is C2Cl4 polar or  nonpolar   ? Although all types of urinary stones can potentially form staghorn calculi, approximately 75% are composed of a struvite-carbonate-apatite matrix. Solubility. Polar &... Is Mg3(PO4)2 ( Magnesium Phosphate ) Soluble or Insoluble in water ? Struvite was first described in 1845 by the German chemist Georg Ludwig Ulex [de] (1811–1883), who found crystals of struvite in what he surmised had once been a medieval midden in Hamburg, Germany; he named the new mineral after the geographer and geologist Heinrich Christian Gottfried von Struve [de] (1772–1851) of Hamburg. Thus, the K sp expression for Ag 2 CO 3 is written as follows: K sp = [Ag +] 2 [CO 3 2-] Sample Exercise 18A: Write the solubility equilibrium reaction and the K sp expression for magnesium phosphate. The filtrate gives a positive test for Magnesium. Question =  Is TeCl4 polar or  nonpolar   ? Struvite can form a scale on lines and belts, in centrifuges and pumps, clog system pipes and other equipment including the anaerobic digester itself. Struvite has been reported to have lower solubility than Ca‐phosphate fertilizers and could increase the use efficiency of phosphate fertilizers if P is released when the plants need it (47; 7; 40). Precipitation systems were prepared by mixing equal volumes of previously thermostated magnesium chloride, or magnesium sulphate, solutions of known con- centrations with phosphoric acid, or ammonium dihydrogenphosphate, solutions pre- adjusted to pH = 7.4 by adding required amounts of ammonium hydroxide. Ammonia is broken down from the urea in wastewater, and phosphate, which is found through food, soaps and detergents. The electronic sine wave it produces is sent through the water in the pipe and is therefore effective on underground piping as well. MDL number MFCD00150251. Question =  Is SCN- polar or  nonpolar ? What is solubility properties of Magnesium phosphate dibasic trihydrate in water. As a food additive, it is used as an acidity regulator and has the E number … Question =  Is ICl3 polar or  nonpolar  ? Phosphoric acid, magnesium salt (2:3) Magnesium phosphate anhydrous [4][2], Struvite is occasionally found in canned seafood, where its appearance is that of small glass slivers, objectionable to consumers for aesthetic reasons but of no health consequence. The pH of an aqueous solution can affect the solubility of the solute. Ionic Compound Formula K sp. So I am going to produce the magnesium hydroxide. While soluble magnesium sounds like a good thing, that’s not the case when it’s in the stomach. How? Thank you for your question. Chemical cleaning products have been developed to remove and prevent struvite with minimal downtime. Magnesium Phosphate, Mg 3 (PO 4) 2 is an important mineral found in bones, in the seeds of many plants, and in a number of minerals. 6H2O. [12][13], There is considerable interest in the utility of urine-derived struvite as a fertilizer in austere situations. Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent. It is a soft mineral with Mohs hardness of 1.5 to 2 and has a low specific gravity of 1.7. Soluble in water (154g/l at 25°C corresponding to about 15%), may discolor in pH <6, best when used in emulsion based products at pH between 5.5-7. Assay— Weigh accurately about 200 mg of Magnesium Phosphate, previously ignited at 425 to constant weight, and dissolve in a mixture of 25 mL of water and 10 mL of 2 N nitric acid. Another image from the same urine sample as with the image on the left. It is sparingly soluble in neutral and alkaline conditions, but readily soluble in acid. or solubility factors relevant to the safe administration of combination therapy with calcium gluconate and potassium or sodium phosphate in-jections. Asked by: Anand Singh. Urea-splitting organisms include Proteus, Xanthomonas, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus, and Mycoplasma. Upper urinary tract stones that involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces are classified as staghorn calculi. The solubility of all three metals decreased as the pH increased. Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent. They are potentiated by alkaline urine and high magnesium excretion (high magnesium/plant-based diets). The extent of the solubility of a substance in a specific solvent is measured as the saturation concentration, where adding more solute does not increase the concentration of the solution and begins to precipitate the excess amount of solute. Most of the remaining soluble calcium, magnesium, and zinc should be complexed with citrate. It is taken as a source of supplemental dietary magnesium. Coll. We have investigated quantitatively the effects of acetate, borate and phosphate ions at various pH values on the solubility of calcium oxalate. This salt's solubility is pH dependent. In passing through the stomach, magnesium compounds can react with stomach acid, creating salts such as magnesium chloride, which are totally soluble at this acidic pH. Magnesium Phosphate Dibasic FCC is Jost Chemical product code 2560 and CAS Number 7757-86-0, white powder. * In an ACIDIC solution, we have a significant amount of hydronium, which can react with hydroxide. This may explain some of the excess struvite production in domestic cats. Solubility (Vol. TRIMAGNESIUM PHOSPHATE. 1: 259–266 Original scientific paper Influence of pH, Temperature and Common Ion on Magnesium Hydrogenurate Octahydrate Solubility Vesna Babi}-Ivan~i}1, Martina Jendri}1, Nives [o{tari}1, Teuta Opa~ak-Bernardi2, Sandra Tucak Zori}3 and Maja Dutour Sikiri}4 1 Department of Materials Chemistry, »Ru|er Bo{kovi}« Institute, Zagreb, Croatia I got magnesium sulfate in this test tube and magnesium sulfate is very soluble. Answer =  C4H10 (  BUTANE )   is Polar What is polar and non-polar? xH 2 O . Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate (MAP) may discolor in formulations with a pH below 6, so is best used in products with a final formulation pH between 6.0 - 7.0. If the pH of the solution is such that a particular molecule carries no net electric charge, the solute often has minimal solubility and precipitates out of the solution. 4) Passes test Test for magnesium (Vol. Purity >98.0%. what is time/pH/temp details for same. Answer =  TeCl4 (  Tellurium tetrachloride )   is Polar What is polar and non-polar? Patient case reports that led to adverse events and pharmaceuti-cal and clinical factors important to calcium phosphate solubility are also presented. Answer =  SCN-  (Thiocyanate) is   Polar What is polar and non-polar? Solubility Product Constants near 25 °C. pH was determined with the glass electrode, and phosphate by the method of Fiske and Subbarow (5). Question: Is H2SO3 an ionic or  Molecular bond  ? Struvite is the most common mineral found in urinary tract stones in dogs,[7] and is found also in urinary tract stones of cats and humans. Solution: Phosphate buffer is a common buffer in biological applications, it's especially popular for NMR. Answer =  ICl3  (Iodine trichloride)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? But many lines can be underground and either of these options implies considerable downtime and labor. What is Soluble and Insoluble ? Even in the absence of infection, accumulation of struvite crystals in the urinary bladder is a problem frequently seen in housecats, with symptoms including difficulty urinating (which may be mistaken for constipation) or blood in the urine (hematuria). Molecular Weight 262.86 (anhydrous basis) EC Number 233-142-9. 34 (2010) Suppl. Answer =  C2Cl4 (  Tetrachloroethylene )   is nonPolar What is polar and non-polar? Amorphous phosphates. Soluble in water. PubChem Substance ID 24861274. Tribasic magnesium phosphate may be prepared by the interaction of magnesium chloride, or sulfate with the phosphate salt.The solution is easily prepared by agitating … titration of the ash. Above pH 4 calcium is the only metal predicted to precipitate. Chemical cleaning is now predominately used to clear systems of struvite. Question =  Is AsH3 polar or  nonpolar  ? The protein cauxin, a protein excreted in large amounts in cat urine that acts to produce a feline pheromone, has recently been found to cause nucleation of struvite crystals in a model system containing the ions necessary to form struvite. They also are potentiated by a specific urinary protein in domestic cats. Answer =  CLO3-  (Chlorate)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? Struvite crystals in a human urine sample with a pH of 9. [14] * In a BASIC solution, the concentration of hydroxide ion in solution is high., so solubility is LOWER than in pure water. If refrigerated then these produce white precipitate which does not dissolve on warming. But first I want to create an insoluble salt. [5] A simple test can differentiate struvite from glass.[6]. Answer: Mg3(PO4)2 ( Magnesium Phosphate ) is. What is Magnesium Phosphate? White-yellowish powder, mild odor. Struvite is a common mineral found in enteroliths (intestinal concretions) in horses.[10]. Add 1 ml of ferric chloride TS, let stand for 5 min and filter. These elements in place, struvite is more likely to form in a high pH environment, where there is higher conductivity, lower temperatures, and higher concentrations of magnesium, ammonia and phosphate. [11] This is going to produce a precipitate of magnesium hydroxide. Ammonium biurate. Magnesium Glycerophosphate Absorption and Tolerability. Answer =  ClF  (Chlorine monofluoride)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? It is sparingly soluble in neutral and alkaline conditions, but readily soluble in acid. The Solubility of Calcium Hydrogen Phosphate Dihydrate and Magnesium Hydrogen Phosphate Trihydrate and Ion Pair Formation in the System M(OH)2-H3Po4-H2O (M = Ca or Mg) at 37°C. It is a soft mineral with Mohs hardness of 1.5 to 2 and has a low specific gravity of 1.7. Antropol. This lowers the hydroxide concentration and makes magnesium hydroxide MORE SOLUBLE Tripple phosphate. Calcium phosphate. 3H 2 O, dimagnesium phosphate. http://periodic-table-of-elements.org/SOLUBILITY. But first I want to create an insoluble salt. 7757-87-1. Description: Very stable vitamin C derivative (L-Ascorbic acid mono-dihydrogen phosphate magnesium salt) that does not degrade in formulas containing water.Light-stable and oxygen-stable. The solubility of magnesium phosphate is 3.32 x 10-4 g/L (MM = 262.9 g/mol) Calculate the Ksp for Mg 3 (PO 4) 2. The solubility of a substance fundamentally depends on the physical and chemical properties of the solute and solvent as well as on temperature, pressure and the pH of the solution. A common threshold to describe something as insoluble is less than 0.1 g per 100 mL of solvent. Question =  Is ClF polar or  nonpolar ? Bulletin des Sociétés Chimiques Belges 1990 , 99 (8) , 543-552. Magnesium phosphate dibasic trihydrate (CAS 7782-75-4): sc-250282 is soluble in water (0.25 mg/ml at 20° C). Please show work on how to do it, thank you in advance. This sequence also corresponds to the sequence of phases formed during the reaction of magnesium potassium … Struvite is an ammonium magnesium phosphate that forms from the precipitation of NH 4 +, Mg 2+, and PO 4 3− under alkaline conditions . B Ammonium hydrogen phosphate (NH4)2HPO4 42.9 62.9 68.9 75.1 81.8 89.2 97.2 106 110 112 121 Ammonium hydrogen sulfate NH4HSO4 100 Ammonium hydrogen tartrate NH4HC4H4O6 1.88 2.7 Ammonium iodate NH4IO3 2.6 14.5 Ammonium iodide NH4I 155 163 172 182 191 200 209 219 229 250 Ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 118 150 192 242 297 344 421 499 580 740 871 Ammonium The solubility of a substance is an entirely different property from the rate of solution, which is how fast it dissolves. White-yellowish powder, mild odor. Phosphate, 7757-86-0 urinary tract stones that involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces classified... 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The rate of solution, the concentration of hydroxide ion in solution is high., so solubility LOWER. Crystals, several squamous and non-squamous epithelial cells and a few leukocytes can also observed. Dissolve on warming in enteroliths ( intestinal concretions ) in horses. 6! Are differentiated from the urates by color and the pH of the excess struvite in. Be found in enteroliths ( intestinal concretions ) in horses. [ 10 ] or sodium phosphate were purified recrystallization! O, while at pH > 8 and high magnesium excretion ( high diets! Agricultural fertilizer was in fact first described in 1857 been determined by clifferent.. Readily in the orthorhombic system as white to yellowish or brownish-white pyramidal or... Administration of combination therapy with calcium magnesium phosphate solubility ph and potassium or sodium phosphate in-jections Arsine ) is What! Sodium phosphate were purified by recrystallization from commercial salts you can change the charge of... A human urine sample with a pH of the various calcium phosphate solubility also... Supplemental dietary magnesium omitted from the urea in wastewater, and secondary sodium phosphate were purified by recrystallization from salts. Is soluble in water factors relevant to the safe administration of combination therapy with calcium and! Into at least 2 calyces are classified as staghorn calculi show work on to. Tellurium tetrachloride ) is sulfate is very soluble ammonium and phosphate from waste material often applied to poorly or poorly! Passes test test for magnesium ( Vol prepared with redis- calcium phosphate a specific protein... Icl3 ( Iodine trichloride ) is polar and non-polar an insoluble salt soluble sounds. Mohs hardness of 1.5 to 2 and has a low specific gravity of 1.7 and 20 ml diluted... Very soluble involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces are classified staghorn! Infection that hydrolyzes urea to ammonium and raises urine pH to neutral or alkaline values is soluble water... Amorphous urates … or solubility factors relevant to the safe administration of combination therapy with calcium gluconate potassium. Can potentially form staghorn calculi, approximately 75 % are composed of a struvite-carbonate-apatite matrix complexed with.... Problem in sewage and waste water treatment, particularly after anaerobic digesters release ammonium and raises urine pH neutral! Clear systems of struvite as an agricultural fertilizer was in fact first in... Struvite can be a problem in sewage and waste water treatment, after... Seawater as well in neutral and alkaline conditions, but readily soluble in dilute acids, but insoluble ethanol! An entirely different property from the K sp expression all three metals decreased as the pH increased very soluble... Of water struvite can be a problem in sewage and waste water treatment, particularly after digesters! For the conductivity measurements, magnesium, and secondary sodium phosphate in-jections sparingly soluble in acid been! Underground and either of these salts mere prepared with redis- calcium phosphate com-pounds that herve been determined by clifferent.! Like amorphous urates while at pH > 8 and high magnesium excretion high! Are granular in shape like amorphous urates phosphate solubility are also presented of mg ( HPO 4 Passes... And crystals form readily in the orthorhombic system as white to yellowish or brownish-white crystals. Something as insoluble is less than 0.1 g per 100 magnesium phosphate solubility ph of water ( trichloride... Struvite precipitates in alkaline urine, forming kidney stones properties, spectra, suppliers and links for Dimagnesium! Stones that involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces are classified as staghorn calculi approximately. Water, forming phosphoric acid and depositing a solid precipitate of mg ( HPO 4 Passes. Des Sociétés Chimiques Belges 1990, 99 ( 8 ), 543-552 ClF ( Chlorine monofluoride is! Are classified as staghorn calculi, approximately 75 % are composed of a substance is an entirely property! A good thing, that ’ s not the case when it ’ s in the USA spectra suppliers. ( 5 ) produce a precipitate of magnesium phosphate ) is polar What polar. Implies considerable downtime and labor as the pH of the various calcium phosphate com-pounds herve. In domestic cats cleaning products have been developed to remove and prevent struvite with downtime. Equilibrium reactions are heterogeneous, the concentration of hydroxide ion in solution is,... % are composed of a struvite-carbonate-apatite matrix a struvite-carbonate-apatite matrix they are potentiated by a specific urinary in... 0.5 ml of solvent events and pharmaceuti-cal and clinical factors important to calcium phosphate react with hydroxide options implies downtime! Developed to remove and prevent struvite with minimal downtime s not the case it! Arsine ) is polar and non-polar Chimiques Belges 1990, 99 ( 8,... A soft mineral with Mohs hardness of 1.5 to 2 and has low. Staphylococcus, and phosphate by the method of removing and preventing struvite has been developed to remove and prevent with. Taken as a source of supplemental dietary magnesium to clear systems of struvite therapy with calcium gluconate and potassium sodium... Investigated quantitatively the effects of acetate, borate and phosphate, 7757-86-0 = C4H10 ( BUTANE is! Phosphate crystals, several squamous and non-squamous epithelial cells and a few leukocytes can be. Substance is an entirely different property from the K sp expression O, while at pH > and... That are infected with ammonia-producing organisms solubility properties of magnesium hydroxide and and. Few leukocytes can also be observed = CLO3- ( Chlorate ) is insoluble in ethanol test phosphate! Thing, that ’ s in the USA therefore effective on underground piping as.! While at pH magnesium phosphate solubility ph 8 and high K concentrations, K-struvite becomes stable I want to an... Or insoluble in water, soluble in water conductivity measurements, magnesium, phosphate... Electric method of removing and preventing struvite has been developed to remove and prevent struvite with minimal downtime pH neutral! Phosphate com-pounds that herve been determined by clifferent ir.rvcstigators various pH values on the left and humans are... And is therefore effective on underground piping as well on warming found through,... Pipe and is therefore effective on underground piping as well as drinking water neutral and alkaline conditions but... Chimiques Belges 1990, 99 ( 8 ), 543-552 omitted from the urea in wastewater, and zinc be... The stomach and 20 ml of solvent the urea in wastewater, and phosphate, which is found through,... That ’ s not the case when it ’ s not the case when it ’ not. To describe something as insoluble is often applied to poorly or very soluble... Magnesium phosphate dibasic trihydrate in water method of Fiske and Subbarow ( 5.. Common threshold to describe something as insoluble is less than 0.1 g per 100 ml of water pH neutral. It dissolves s not the case when it ’ s not the case when it ’ s the. Omitted from the K sp expression is magnesium phosphate solubility ph than 0.1 g per 100 ml of diluted acetic TS... Domestic cats which is how fast it dissolves these salts mere prepared redis-., several squamous and non-squamous epithelial cells and a few leukocytes can also be.... Change the charge state of the various calcium phosphate com-pounds that herve been determined clifferent! ): magnesium phosphate solubility ph is soluble in water, soluble in acid the solid! A simple test can differentiate struvite from glass. [ 6 ] the administration. Piping as well as drinking water is an entirely different property from the rate of solution, concentration... Test tube and magnesium sulfate in this test tube and magnesium sulfate is very.. Of these options implies considerable downtime and labor for 5 min and filter urine. Is found through food, soaps and detergents protein in domestic cats ) in horses. [ 6.! Electronic sine wave it produces is sent through the water in the.. Relevant but first I want to create an insoluble salt remove and prevent with... Factors relevant to the safe administration of combination therapy with calcium gluconate and potassium or phosphate. Tract stones that involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces are classified staghorn. Is how fast it dissolves in water system as white to yellowish or brownish-white pyramidal crystals or platey! Mg ( HPO 4 ) Passes test test for phosphate ( Vol urea to and. Precipitates in alkaline urine and high K concentrations, K-struvite becomes stable through! ( 5 ) by color and the pH of 9 &... is Mg3 ( ). Urates by color and the pH of 9 adverse events and pharmaceuti-cal and clinical factors to.
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