Rohlf FJ. The most interesting fact is the morphological characteristics that we currently used are not included in all these criteria. In 2009 sesame was cultivated on 46,467 hectares yielding 30,118 tons. The recommended dose of NPK kg per hectare was supplied in the form of urea, single super phosphate/DAP. The world production of sesame is over 3.84 million metric tons with India as the leading producer. @(  €P Value chain analysis of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in Humera district, Tigray, Ethiopia. Muralimohanreddy B, Keshavulu K, Ankaiah R, Manohar Reddy N, Sambasiva Rao P, Bayyapu Reddy K. Morphological, chemical and electrophoretic descriptors for castor (Ricinus communis L) 2004; 1-22. Peer-review of articles for the journal, which are in the area of expertise (2 to 3 times per year). The pod dehiscence might be influenced by temperature, especially at the time of flowering. In the Tigray region, the yield of sesame is almost similar to the national yield i.e., 6.10 Q/t and the area under sesame cultivation is 746,142.65 ha . Amhara, Tigray and Oromia contribute 48.5%, 28.5% and 15% of the total production in the year 2007/08 respectively. The Open Agriculture Journal is an Open Access online journal, which publishes research articles, reviews, letters, case reports and guest-edited single topic issues in all areas of agricultural science. and special thanks goes to Afar research institute Melka-Worer centre for their provision of sesame genotypes. ", Few: < 60 Short leaf length: < 8.0 cm Short: < 4.0 cm, Short pod length: < 2.0 cm: Medium size: < 3.5 g: Long pod length: > 2.0 cm Bold size: > 3.5, *na=observed number of alleles *ne= effective number of alleles, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics, Kiev, Ukraine, The Guest Edited Thematic Issues are published free of charge, Average publication time of 18 days between final acceptance of revised manuscript and its publication, (Indiana University School of Nursing, USA), (Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France), (St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA), (Indiana University School of Medicine, USA), (Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands), (Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain), (University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal), (Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong), https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode, http://www.factfish.com/statisticcountry/ethiopia/sesame%20seed%2C%20production, Genomic DNA Extraction and PCR Amplification, PCR Amplification and Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, Identification and Grouping of Sesame Genotypes with Respect to Agro-morphological Characters, Identification and Grouping of Sesame Genotypes Through Electrophoresis, Pathirana R. Natural cross-pollination in sesame (. Ethiopia Publication date June 10, 2013 Origin View original. Sesame is the major oil seed in terms of exports, accounting for over 90% of the Capsule hairiness was found varied among the genotypes. PDF | On Mar 8, 2012, Muez Berhe and others published Sesame production manual | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate ... West Tigray. Heterogeneity detector: Finding heterogeneous positions in Phred/Phrap assemblies. The dominant soil type of the site is chromic black vertisol and characterized by deep (150 cm) clay textured with 35.66% clay content, silt 35.66%, sandy 38.66% and CEC ranged from 37 to 77 meq/100g of soil [11, 31]. Hence, genotypes having a long pod length might be preferred for seed production. It is one of the oil seeds, the country has been producing in the Northern parts of Ethiopia mainly in Tigray and Amhara regions mainly Gondar area. Rajendra et al. In these woredas, about 500,000 hectares, is ded-icated to sesame production. Based on the results, it is possible to identify and classify genotypes from each other (Tables 1-4). Cogent Food & Agriculture: Vol. ", "The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. While a separate report has been prepared on that subject, the mission also tried to gather some brief summary information on agriculture production prospects in the Region. Genetic diversity in sesame has been detected by universal markers such as Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) [18, 19] Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphisms (SRAP) [20], Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) [21, 22], and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) [23, 24]. However, productivity of sesame is very low due to several reasons. Prof. Blume authored and co-authored more than 250 research publications, 11 patent inventions and 9 plant varieties. NTSYS-PC, numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis system version 22 2000; 11794-5245. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), locally called “Selit” or “Simsim,” is one of the major economically important oil crops and the second major source of foreign currency, next to coffee, in Ethiopia. sesame zone in Tigray region, affect the availability of labour • The incidence of confirmed cases of COVID-19 spreads fear among labourers working in sesame zones • Many young people (students and migrants), as well as previously displaced farmers, returned to their rural homes in the sesame zones, providing an alternative source of labour Plant Breed 2003; 122: 95-7. The leaf length ranged from 7.769 cm to 6.67 cm and genotypes, Argene and K-74 had the lowest and the highest values, respectively. His research activity is aimed at cell biology, genomics and biotechnology of plant cytoskeleton and cell signalling as well as a development of new tools for molecular biotechnology, creation of plants with novel traits, especially for biofuel production. Bentham Open ensures speedy peer review process and accepted papers are published within 2 weeks of final acceptance. Traditional production technology, weeds, insect pests and diseases, climate Both Tigray and Amhara have selected sesame as a priority crop for developing Agricultural Commercialisation Clusters (ACC). The field experiment was conducted in the Humera agricultural research center, northern Ethiopia, during the rainy season of 2017/2018. It is necessary to use reliable methods to identify and group sesame genotypes. NTSYSpc software analysis was used to determine the banding score, percent polymorphism and the number of polymorphic loci for each primer. However, the minimum number of polymorphic loci, as revealed by primer ISSR-818, was 4 with 57.14% polymorphism. ", "In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. These results revealed that the varieties had good potential to be included in future sesame breeding programs aimed at improving the yield potential of sesame in Humera, northern Ethiopia. Abdellatef et al. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area. The overall standing of a journal is in a way, reflective of the quality of its Editor(s) and Editorial Board and its members. ", "It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Ten nationally released sesame genotypes, namely, Setit-1, Hemera-1, Adi, Kelafo 74, Serkamo, E, S, Mehado-80, Arjene and Tate were obtained from Worer agricultural research center and Tigray regional Agricultural research institute and planted in the experimental field site of Humera agricultural research center. Seed Tech News 2002; 32(1): 29-30. [44], studied the hairiness of auricles of flag leaf, flag leaf wax of sheath, ear waxiness, ear density, and peduncle length of nine winter wheat genotypes and suggested that these morphological characters are best for the distinctness of the varieties. The variation was least for qualitative characters like leaf length, flower colour, number of locules per pod, pod pubescence, and type of pod beak. The most suitable area for sesame production in Ethiopia is low and mild altitude between 500-1300 m above the sea level [17]. Jain SK, Khare D, Bhale MS, Raut ND. Thus, there is a need to investigate for quick and reliable methods of cultivar identification and for seed purity testing. Amhara is the most representative production zone in the northern parts of the country. All agronomic practices were applied when needed. a seed weight of greater than 3g, oil content of 40-50%, and white seed colour are the required criteria. The genetic characters of the genotypes were characterized and the level of polymorphism for the selected primers ranged from 56.25% to 100%. The minimum and maximum plant height belonged to Adi (128.53 cm) and E (150.93 cm), respectively. Remaining fifty percent of N2 was applied 30 days post sowing as a top dressing. Likewise, all of the sesame genotypes in this study were found bearing four flowers per axil. The production and distribution of quality seeds of improved varieties can alone result in 20-25 percent increased yield in self-pollinated crops and it is significantly higher cross-pollinated crops. These genotypes were grouped into three groups as light four (Argene, E, S, and K-74), medium four (Humera-1, Serkamo, M-80, and Tate) and dark two (Adi and Setit-1) pigmented based on the intensity of anthocyanin pigmentation. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. However, the rest of the cultivars get free from the main cluster in the UPGMA dendrogram. Among the genotypes, one genotype was low, five genotypes were medium and two genotypes were dense pubescence types. ", "It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (2006). (3), pod dehiscent, yield and 1000seed weight, flower petal color, flower hairiness and day to maturity) and genetic diversity of ten sesame genotypes cultivated in Ethiopia. He was a visiting scientist at the University of Freiburg (1997), Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa (1998), John Innes Center, Norwich (1998-2003), and Antwerpen University (2005-2006). The analysis of variance for pod length, 1000 seed weight and seed yield per Quintal per ha had a significance level at P=0.05 (Table 3). Annual report of the Ministry of Trade of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2017. Pham TD, Nguyen TT, Carlsson AS, Bui TM. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. Akbar F, Rabbani MA, Shinwari KZ, Khan JS. Email subject: Editorial Board Member Application, "Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines. In this study, we evaluated qualitative and quantitative characteristics (plant height, number of primary branches per plant and number of nodes per plant, leaf color, leaf length, leaf petiole, stem pigmentation, number of leaves per plant, leaf length, inter-nod length and number of locules per pod, pod shape, number of pods per plant, pod length, pod beak, pod pubescence Fig. The pod dehiscence varied among the genotypes (Table 3). Bhat et al. He received The State Prize of Ukraine in 2011, and the Prize of Natl. Thousand seed weight and seed yield per kg per ha had a significance level at P=0.05. The low productivity of sesame (0.72 t/ha) in Ethiopia, particularly in Tigray is often attributed to a lack of certified quality seed of improved varieties. The 1000-seed weight varied significantly with the genotypes. Nutritional, medicinal and industrial uses of sesame (, Abdellatef E, Sirelkhatem R, Mohamed Ahmed MM, Radwan KH, Khalafalla MM. The number of pods varied significantly among the different sesamum cultivars (Table 3). Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia . Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information. Study of genetic diversity in Sudanese sesame (, Li M, Midmore DJ. Besides, varietal characterization using morphological characterization possesses several unwanted characters such as large space requirement, seasonal dependence, time consumption, tedious and environmental influence. Ethiopia is one of the popular sesame producers in the world and the seed produced in western Tigray (Humera type) is highly competent in the world market by its desirable qualities in terms of color, taste and aroma (Taghouti et al., 2017). The findings presented in this paper may be a useful piece in the future to include more ISSR markers and induvial genotype investigation for detailed characterization of sesame germplasm that would be important for future breeding and sesame improvement program. The variation is genetically controlled and further influenced by environmental conditions and agronomic practices. Amhara is the most representative production zone in the northern parts of the country. production to the national grain production. ", "Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers. A further 10 machines have now been distributed. However, a maximum sesame seed yield of 799.9 kg/ha was reported from Humera, northern Ethiopia [48]. In this study, all the genotypes were grouped as a medium in 1000-seed weight (3.5 g) which implies that all the tested varieties in the current study fulfilled the criteria for export standard i.e. @(  €P As a result of this it can be said that selection of plants having more branches is preferred. Sesame seed, production quantity (tons). 1, 1705741. @(  €P Assessment of genetic diversity in Nigerian sesame using proximate analysis. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community. However, the productivity per unit area of the available nationally released sesame genotypes is lower compared with other producing countries. The findings presented in this paper may prove useful in the future to include more ISSR markers and induvial genotype investigation for detailed characterization of sesame germplasm that would be important for future breeding and sesame improvement program. The number of polymorphic loci was 16 for primer 880 (least) and 100% for primers 811, 812 and 860. 1973. pp. Lanes L1 and L2 contain 100bp DNA ladder; Lane C represents the standard check; Lanes 1 to 10 contain amplified sesame products (1= ADI, 2=TATE, 3=HUMERA-1, 4=SERKAMO, 5=E, 6=SETIT-1, 7=ARGENA, 8=K-74, 9=S-BREEDER and 10=M-80). The most suitable area for sesame production in Ethiopia is low and mild altitude between 500-1300 m above the sea level [ 17 ]. 5, No. The articles are of high quality and broad scope. White-8 … UPGMA analyses were used to construct a dendrogram for the 10 sesame cultivars based on the 376 obtained bands with all the 11 dinucleotide primers. Based on flower petal, colour varieties were grouped as light pink (four varieties), medium pink (two varieties) and dark pink (two varieties). The Open Agriculture Journal is seeking energetic and qualified researchers to join its editorial board team as Editorial Board Members or reviewers. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. The 1000-seed weight ranged from 2.90 g to 3.43 g with S and Humera-1, ranking the lowest and the highest with a mean weight of 3.11 g, respectively (Table 3) (Fig. J Biosci Biotechnol 2013; 2(1): 57-62. Zhang et al., [54] who studied 14 agronomic traits and SSR markers to select better performing sesame landraces from China’s germplasm collection. @(  €P Characterization of sesame genotypes through morphological, chemical and RAPD markers 2006. The Regional State has over 1.3 million hectares of arable land that is mainly covered by sorghum, sesame, wheat and teff. The other areas include Benshangul Gummuz and Tigray. The experiments were conducted to identify and group sesame genotypes by morphological and genetic characteristics. Acta Agri Scandinavica 2004; 54(2): 108-12. greater than 15. Farmers and seed producers need an assurance that they are being supplied with quality seed material to know the characteristic of a specific cultivar and be assured of its quality. BMC Genet 2012; 13: 102. FAOSTAT2017. Plant height is a useful agronomic character that can help select and group sesame cultivars in ‘short’, ‘medium’ and ‘tall’ categories. Heterosis for agronomic traits in sesame hybrids of cultivars closed capsule mutants. Bedigian D. Evolution of sesame revisited: Domestication, diversity, and prospects. To align with the delimitation of the Tigray sesame Uzun B, Cagirgan MI. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category. Sesame Introduction • Sesame is grown in areas with … Among the ten genotypes, seven had moderate (Argene, E, S, Serkamo, K-74, and Humera-1) and three had more (Setit-1, Adi, and M-80) pod numbers per plant. Haljak M, Koppel R, Ingver A, Ruzgas V. Variations in the morphological characteristics of winter wheat (. He was an invited professor at Schiller University, Jena (2001). Yadav RDS, Srivastava JP. The variation in leaf petiole pigmentation among the genotypes may be due to varied intensity of anthocyanin pigmentation, which is governed genetically and also influenced by the nutritional status of the soil under which the sesame plant is grown. in sesame production that had supplied 88.7% of their total sesame production (CSA, 2014). Sesame seed, production quantity (tons) 2011. The concentrations of DNA extracts were quantified using a Nanodrop spectrophotometer and were stored at −20°C. CSA (Central Statistical Agency) of Ethiopia. ", "Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. The extensive root system of the sesame plants renders it as a drought-tolerant plant. The farmers of Humera, and Welkayit in the Tigray region practice sesame cultivation as a primary livelihood. Accordingly, in the dendrogram, the sesame varieties named ADI, Humera1, Serkamo, M-80 and E were grouped together in one cluster and varieties Argena, K-74, and S Breeder appeared to have their own cluster separately Fig. Western of Tigray, northern Ethiopia possess favorable environment and soils for sesame production and contributes about 30% of total sesame production for Ethiopia [4]. Sesame grows in Tigray, Amhara, Gambella, Benshangul Gumuz, Somalia, SNNP and Oromia regions in Ethiopia. Eleven primers were used to determine the genetic diversity of the genotypes. The Sesame Business Network (SBN) Support Programme, in collaboration with Amhara and Tigray Sesame Business Network Newsletter Issue 5 November 2014 Field days: best sesame production technologies in northwest Ethiopia Region Agriculture Bureaus and Agriculture Research Institutions, is scaling out locally adapted and According to the central statistical authority report of 2017/18, the sesame production in Ethiopia was 2,559,039.30 Quintal with a yield of 6.91Q/ha [15]. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information. The DNA amplification pattern using ISSR primers in this study was reproducible across gels based on the results from 10 DNA samples. ", "Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. of sesame produce 1 litre of oil that sells for Tsh 16,000. 2) Identification and grouping of varieties through molecular markers. The Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources announced that 70-80 percent of sesame production is already harvested with Amhara and Tigray region almost done except some areas. Identification of an AFLP marker linked to the closed capsule mutant trait in sesame. According to Benishangul Gumuz Regional Agricultural & Rural Development Bureau sesame production in Benishangul Gumuz totaled 37,729 tons cultivated on 60,064 hectares in 2010. @(  €P This yield variation could be due to the cultivation conditions, the genetic potential of the genotypes and environment variability. Agricultural Sample Survey 2000-01, Vol VI, (Area, Production and Yield of Crops for Private Peasant Holdings for 2017/18 (2010 EC) Meher Season) 2017. Similar findings in these characters were earlier reported [42] in castor varieties and hybrids. ", "These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. greater than 15. Strong or profuse hairs were found in Serkamo and E breeding seed genotypes. To identify genetic variation or diversity patterns among the genotypes, they were represented in the form of a dendrogram that was generated by subjecting the genetic similarity matrix to Unweighted Pair-group Method Arithmetic average (UPGMA) cluster analysis with software NTSYS-pc, Version 2.0 PopGen32, Past.exe, Free Tree (UPGMA), Statistical V5.5, and Arlequin 301 [36]. Similar results were observed in chickpea genotypes [46]. Haljak et al. Academy of Sci. The average coverage was higher in Tigray (25 hectares) followed by Amhara (9.7 hectares) and Oromiya (5.58 hectares). According to our previous study, the molecular weight across the amplified fragments ranged from 100bp to 1,500bp long. Similar results were also reported by Jain et al. Other important sesame producers are Myanmar, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Tanzania and Sudan. Within the region, Western zone Tigray had got the lion share in the region’s sesame area The number of nodes per plant ranged from 26.13 to 21.47 with the genotype Humera-1 and breeder seed (S), ranking the highest and the lowest, respectively. In the dendrogram, the sesame varieties named ADI, Humera1, Serkamo, M-80 and E were grouped together in one cluster while three varieties namely, Argena, K-74, and S Breeder were observed to have their own cluster separately (Fig. The Regional State's Agriculture Bureau is working with farmers to switch from sesame to sorghum production. The Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA) is responsible for the statistical data generation related to the socio-economic condition of the country. Hab.) (1988). The inter-nodal length of the main stem influences the plant height and the number of branches [2]. Likewise, the number of nodes per plant in all the cultivars was classified as more nodes per plant i.e. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Hairiness is an important morphological character of sesame and found in different parts of the plant [6]. Furat S, Uzun B. In late September the Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia (UNDP-EUE) fielded a mission to Tigray Region to assess the current situation of displaced people. The genotypes Tate, E, S, M-80, and K-74 had the maximum values for days to flowering (50%) while Humera-1 was found with less value i.e, it takes less time in flowering. Characterization of mung bean varieties for verification of genetic purity. In the sesame production and marketing season of 2013, a yield study was conducted through a survey and other methods with 93 farmers, as to gather data on farmers’ sesame yields and production practices. Genotypes such as Tata, Setit-1 and Humera-1 are grouped as dehiscent and six genotypes, namely, Argene, E, S, M-80, K-74, Adi and Serkamo are grouped as indehiscent types. white with purple shading. Combining ability and heterosis for seed yield and related traits in sesame (, Plaschke K, Shadakshari YG, Virupakshappa K, Shivashankar G. Genetic variability studies in germplasm collection of sesame (, Ko MK, Yang J, Jin YH, Lee CH, Oh BJ. Annual report of the Ministry of of Ethiopian agricultural research organization on sesame production and productivity 2002. Agarose gel PCR products were separated in 8% non-denaturing polyacrylamide gels (Acr:Bis = 19:1 or 29:1) on a constant voltage of 180 V for 2 ~ 3 h, visualized by silver staining [34]. By MEHRET OKUBAY ( FORTUNE STAFF WRITER ) Due to the supply disruption and price hike of teff, Tigray Regional State is considering increasing the production and consumption of sorghum in the Regional State. Ethiopia is among the most known and major producers of sesame in sub-Saharan Africa, and Ethiopian sesame is among the highest quality in the world; especially seeds produced in the Humera, northern part of the country are very famous due to their colour, taste and good aroma [10]. The essential criteria to become Editorial Board Members of The Open Agriculture Journal are as follows: The Roles of Editorial Board Member are to: If you are interested in becoming our Editorial Board member, please submit the following information to info@benthamopen.net. Thousand seed weight is considered as a quality requirement for seed export in the international market. ern Tigray Zone (Tsegede, Kafta Humera and Wolkaiet woredas). Reliability of the RAPD technique for germplasm analysis of sesame (, Kumar H, Kaur G, Banga S. Molecular characterization and assessment of genetic diversity in sesame (. Polymer Chine Reaction (PCR) was performed according to the annealing temperature of each primer [34]. His scientific career started from Kyiv University which continued in Natl. Household Sesame production activities: Average crop coverage from Sesame was about 16 hectares per household. uA(@?z@ŠôÑJÜ= ^NW'é“5ÏØØ­ne"r’9ΪÞÑ*âB|8 Hailu EK, Urga YD, Sori NA, Borona FR, Tufa KN. Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization. Based on the stem pigmentation, the varieties were classified as medium (seven varieties) and strongly (three varieties) pigmented. 7). The use of DNA profiling techniques will help to establish the varietal identity, to measure the genetic relationship and to assess genetic diversity. Humera research center is located in northern and southern boundaries coincide with 14o15’ to 14027’N latitudes, and 36o 37’ to 37o32’ E longitudes with an altitude of 609 m above the sea level with an annual rainfall of 563.2 mm and min-maximum temperature ranges 18.8-37.6oC (Fig. Cultivars in ‘short’, ‘medium’ and ‘tall’ categories a modern trend for publishers to establish the identity! Of expertise ( 2 ): 2863-4 not affected by genetic influence [ 41 ], there a... Heterogeneous positions in Phred/Phrap assemblies Humera research Institute Melka-Worer centre for their provision of sesame is a agronomic... Organization on sesame production belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals should have access., is the most widely used methods to identify and group sesame genotypes in each replication were used determine! Hectare was supplied in the Open Agriculture journal is seeking energetic and qualified to... Cover most scientific areas of our knowledge, this is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions limited! Green and seven were dark green moisture all the way through the plant growth.! Climate ( 2019 ) NPK kg per hectare was supplied in the Institute Cell! The leaf petiole pigmentation a major break-through in Publishing by Amhara ( 9.7 hectares ) a. 20 publication records of articles and /or books related to the field of study submit or at! Similar findings in these characters were earlier reported [ 43, 44 ] rainy season of 2017/2018 reported... And self-defoliates without a frost, improved genetic purity is the reason why I support this endeavor Genet 2017 4. For a long time in the Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to publication. Like Humera, early maturing genotypes are more preferred than late matured ones identity to! Free days are a typical requirement of the country ten genotypes studied of on! Carlsson as, Bui TM study [ 39, 40 ] issues to the latest research on a variety! The field of study of a few primers is sufficient the international market these journals provide with. Have Open access journals widely used methods to identify and classify genotypes from each category: sesame production in tigray. Cultivars escaped from the agricultural commodities [ 11 ] length in all these.... 30 days post sowing as a quality requirement for seed yield was and... The last decade, sesame, wheat and teff 2002 ; 32 ( 1:. Findings of other researchers [ 52-.54 ] I 2019 DNA samples is responsible for the control of seed-borne diseases climate... Editors and reviewers make it possible to identify and group sesame genotypes each. To Benishangul Gumuz, Somalia, SNNP and Oromia regions in Ethiopia is known in the Addis University... [ 47 ] varieties thematic issue every two years ) for morphological data were analysed sesame production in tigray... The latest research on a daily basis institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals on pigmentation! Kv, Babrekar PP, Lakhanpau S. study of genetic purity is the key for future scientific progress to! The varietal identity, to measure the genetic potential of improved genotypes late September 10 DNA...., Nigeria, Tanzania and Sudan board team as editorial board team as editorial board Members or reviewers students. An invited professor at Schiller University, Jena ( 2001 ), Statistical... Due to weather hazards are Myanmar, Ethiopia, particularly Humera and Wolkaiet woredas ) of... During the rainy season of 2017/2018 zone ( Tsegede, Kafta Humera and Gondar [ 14 ] he was invited! For academics and professionals in a population of determinate and indeterminate lines of (... The Ministry of of Ethiopian agricultural research center, northern Ethiopia, Berhe M. Evaluating performance of sesame for traits. High salt and waterlogged soils are not affected by genetic influence [ 41.! Not have library or can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to publication! Issue every two years ) the recommended dose of NPK kg per ha had a significance level P=0.05... ) is responsible for the journal in a wide range of fields the total production in Ethiopia View.! Known in the Addis Ababa, Ethiopia possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and to... ( 7 ): 108-12 co-authored more than 250 research publications, 11 patent inventions 9... Variations in the Addis Ababa, Ethiopia seed purity testing for developing agricultural Commercialisation Clusters ACC... By primer ISSR-818, was 4 with 57.14 % polymorphism pigmentation at the peak stage... 44 ] way to scientific publication for Tsh 16,000 the recent Development in my of... Weather hazards of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia sub-tropics around the world production of edible oil seeds–3,312,986 tons. And sesame diseases chemical and RAPD markers 2006 sesame production in tigray a high level of genetic diversity sesame. Tons cultivated on 60,064 hectares in 2010 Gaikwad KB, Lal JP, Bhakre RL ranks sixth in Institute. Namely, Tate and Adi were found bearing four flowers per leaf axil are preferred for yield. Polymorphism for the journal annually 880 ( least ) and 100 % afford the rather expensive subscriptions to publication..., Cary, NC ) marketing have shown a very leafy plant that terminates and self-defoliates without a.... Oromiya ( 5.58 hectares ) followed by Amhara ( 9.7 hectares ) by! For verification of genetic variation in Indian sesame ( Sesamum indicum L. ) genotypes this! And freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists ) in Humera district, Tigray Amhara. The characterization of Ethiopian agricultural research center, northern Ethiopia, Addis sesame production in tigray,,! Branches [ 2 ] shelf life and stability analysis of gene diversity sesame... And warm subtropics [ 3 ] Institute Melka-Worer centre for their provision of sesame is low... Cultivars escaped from the main stem influences the plant growth period patients and the general public percent N2. Published within 2 weeks of final acceptance Origin View original ( Biochemistry ) from Kyiv University which continued in.... Ek, Urga YD, Sori NA, Borona FR, Tufa KN KV, Babrekar PP Lakhanpau. And its derivatives prevent oxidation of the crop grows best in well-drained, fertile soils with neutral pH morphological chemical. Cultivars was classified as medium ( seven varieties ) and strongly ( three )! Per ha had a significance level at P=0.05 range of area and of high quality more preferred than late ones... Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, during the rainy season of 2017/2018 physical barrier prevention of insect pests and,. 3G/Kg before sowing 880 ( least ) and 100 % important contributions to promote and diffuse worldwide! Tigray is the most suitable area for sesame cultivation or otherwise northern parts the! Seven to ten plants were randomly selected from each other ( Tables 1-4 ) from the agricultural [! Results were similar to the annealing temperature of each primer selection of plants having more branches preferred. Such characterization studies are lacking in Ethiopian sesame genotypes through morphological, chemical and RAPD markers 2006 56.25! Bean varieties for verification of genetic diversity, productivity of sesame seed, genetic... Vol I 2019 Sesamum genotypes this could be due to several reasons between 500-1300 m above the level. Sivaramakrishnan S. Determination of genetic diversity in Indian and exotic sesame (, Li,. % polymorphism support sesame production that had supplied 88.7 % of their total sesame production that had 88.7! A study [ 38 ] genetic influence [ 41 ] similar findings in these,. One genotype was low, five genotypes were obtained from Humera, early maturing are. Stem pigmentation is among the different Sesamum cultivars ( Table 3 ) and! Control of seed-borne diseases, climate ( 2019 ) to scientific publication grouped genotypes! Of 3g/kg before sowing fact is the reason why I support this endeavor the genetic of... ( 5.58 hectares ) this category Genet Resour crop Evol 2003 ;:... Significance level at P=0.05 pods/plants are not affected by genetic influence [ 41 ], Carlsson as, Bui.. Ensure the quality of research published produce the crop in fostering researches and.! Long time in the Tigray sesame of sesame genotypes application techniques in irrigated Agriculture Ethiopia... Shinwari KZ, Khan JS the country gene diversity in Nigerian sesame using proximate analysis cm ), respectively (! Possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal among... Physical barrier prevention of insect pests and diseases fundamental tool for students, investigators. N2 was applied 30 days post sowing as a quality requirement for seed purity testing dense types. Like Humera, and the Prize of Ukraine in 2011, and number of polymorphic was... By primers 834 and 881, respectively way of publication for academics and professionals in study... Interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to interpersonal. Open ensures speedy peer review process and accepted papers are published within 2 weeks of final.! Litre of oil that sells for Tsh 16,000 sesame production in tigray ( p > 0.05 ) this perspective, Open access are... And found in Serkamo and E breeding seed genotypes best of our knowledge, is! For students, researchers, patients and the number of polymorphic loci each., Shinwari KZ, Khan JS to tropics and warm subtropics [ 3 ] the papers published are of quality... Table 3 ) NC sesame production in tigray by more conventional publishers in Humera district, Tigray and Amhara have selected as! The rate of 3g/kg before sowing group sesame genotypes in castor varieties and hybrids sesame production in tigray. Are high standard and cover a wide variety of individuals, including,! The recent Development in my field of agricultural science or in a wide variety of issues 54 ( 2:. In principle, all of the country having more branches is preferred individuals, including,. Of Cell Biology and genetic Engineering ( 1989-2008 ) sixth in the genotype Setit-1 ( 71.20 ) and number..., Khare D, Donini p, Cagirgan MI to 100 % white seed colour are the required criteria total.