In 1953 the Minnesota legislature designated the red pine, which they called the Norway pine, as the official state tree. The heaviest pine cones in the world are from a coulter pine; they can weigh up to 10 lbs. The needles are from 4 to 6 inches long and grow in paired bundles; they are dark green, glossy, soft and flexible. Pinus resinosa, known as red pine[1][2] or Norway pine, is a pine native to North America. The leaves snap cleanly when bent; this character, stated as diagnostic for red pine in some texts, is however shared by several other pine species. [12] The wood is commercially valuable in forestry for timber and paper pulp, and the tree is also used for landscaping. Red pine identification is by the needle-like leaves that grow in clusters of 2 and are yellow-green in color. Michigan Big Tree Data. 1993. Pine is a coniferous tree in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae. The tree gets its name from its reddish-brown, scaly bark. Growing in pure, hardwood, or mixed-conifer stands, the Norway pine commonly occurs with Virginia pine, Table Mountain pine, pitch pine, and eastern white pine. ); that is the reason we see so many in Camp Conestoga. Both red pine and eastern white pine are found throughout the Northeast. To truly be a pine tree, a conifer must belong to the genus Pinus. It thrives in the sandy soils of the Great Lakes region and does well in the dry gravels of New England. The red pine has reddish bark that has scales when the tree is young; the scales grow into plates as the tree gets older. It grows rapidly and is useful for planting in exposed sites or places that have been clear-cut or are barren. Adult females emerge from the intermediate stage, mate and lay eggs from August into September. Depending on the species of pine, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees. Pine trees can reach a height of over 3 to 80 meters, but mostly are about 15 to 45 meters tall. White Pine has five needles per cluster and is short and shiny; Red Pine has two needles per cluster, and the needles are long and matte in texture; The remaining species have two or three needles per bundle; Adaptations of the pine tree leaf to survive winter. An older tree, (also bristlecone pine) was discovered in Inyo National Forest, it is over 5,000 years old. The bark is scaly with a distinct reddish gray cast. [1], Red pine is notable for its very constant morphology and low genetic variation throughout its range, suggesting it has been through a near extinction in its recent evolutionary history. There are two long needles (4 to 6 inches long) per bundle, joined at the base by a papery sheath. Slash pine, along with longleaf pine, is a commercially important pine tree and one of the most frequently planted timber species in North America. [3][4], The red pine is the state tree of Minnesota. The crawlers that hatch from this overwintering generation settle down and become do… Pine trees are famous for their Christmas spirit, as they are used to decorate homes as Christmas trees. [5] In Minnesota the use of the name "Norway" may stem from early Scandinavian immigrants who likened the red pines to forests back home.[6]. The red pine does well in acidic, poor, dry, sterile soils. Michigan’s largest recorded red pine is 154 feet tall and 39 inches in diameter.2 2 Michigan Botanical Society. Pine Tree Pine trees are in the Pinus genus and the Pinaceae family. It’s rare to see dead branches on the trees. Pines are native to most of the Northern Hemisphere. Pine cones are actually the flowers of pine trees. A coniferous tree of the genus Pinus in the family Pinaceae, there are over 115 pine tree species. The red pine has pale red wood. Most Christmas trees sold in this country are firs or spruces, despite the fact that they are often referred to as pine trees. The bark is thick and gray-brown at the base of the tree, but thin, flaky and bright orange-red in the upper crown; the tree's name derives from this distinctive character. 1. Minnesota is the only state to refer to the red pine as a Norway pine. The crown is conical, becoming a narrow rounded dome with age. Red Pine Tree(Pinus resinosa) The red pine is a native North American tree species sometimes erroneously called the "Norway pine". This behemoth can grow to be as tall as 80 feet and as wide as 40 feet. The species is self pruning; there tend not to be dead branches on the trees, and older trees may have very long lengths of branchless trunk below the canopy. The bark is grayish to reddish-brown in color. They are coniferous trees, meaning that they have cones through which they reproduce. It can be found further south in the United States (as in eastern West Virginia) on high mountainous ridges. The red pine is related to other pine trees as well as to firs, hemlocks, larches and spruces. It ha… It has a conical crown that becomes rounded dome at maturity. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Its primary range extends from eastern Canada to northern-most Minnesota and south to Pennsylvania and southwest Wisconsin. This disease has caused between 20% and 100% mortality in tree plantations at times and is a serious threat. A Common and Useful Tree. It grows rapidly and is useful for planting in exposed sites or places that have been clear-cut or are barren. There are two generations a year. Western red cedar is a widespread and popular tree in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. densa, that grows naturally only in the southern half of peninsula Florida and in the Keys. Because of this, red pine is as popular for shade and ornamental For the New Zealand tree sometimes called Red pine, see, "Microsatellite Analysis Reveals Genetically Distinct Populations of Red Pine", "Eastern OLDLIST: A database of maximum tree ages for Eastern North America", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pinus_resinosa&oldid=980301841, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 18:49. The red pine tree is a medium-sized pine tree that grows to between 66 and 115 ft. (20 -35 m). Pine trees (Pinus spp.) The needles are from 4 to 6 inches long and grow in paired bundles; they are dark green, glossy, soft and flexible. In Michigan and surrounding states most of the wooden telephone poles are red pine. It is a long-lived tree, reaching a maximum age of about 500 years. In 1953 the Minnesota legislature designated the red pine, which they called the Norway pine, as the official state tree. This group of pine species has a special character and history of its own. The ground has eroded away around the roots of this young red pine tree. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. We grew up in a very rural part of Pennsylvania, so when I say that my dad and I drove his pickup truck into the woods, I literally mean we drove his pickup truck into the woods.. It is fairly intolerant of shade, requiring full sunlight for optimum growth. The larvae settle down and feed, usually under a bark scale. In addition the species has few serious insect and disease pests. Some red color may be seen in the fissures of the bark. The Norway pine became Minnesota’s state tree in 1953. Cones: Orange or yellow male cones, occur in small clusters at the tips of branches; oval and woody female cones, 8-15 cm long; scales have sharp, rigid prickles. The red pine grows in the states bordering the Great Lakes, the northeastern states and southern Canada. [11], An old tree in Itasca State Park, Minnesota. The leaves are needle-like, dark yellow-green, in fascicles of two,[7] 12–18 cm (4 3⁄4–7 in) long, and brittle. (Civilian Conservation Corps. [8] The crown is conical, becoming a narrow rounded dome with age. Red Pine is the state tree of Minnesota. It occurs from Newfoundland west to Manitoba, and south to Pennsylvania, with several smaller, disjunct populations occurring in the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia and West Virginia, as well as a few small pockets in extreme northern New Jersey and northern Illinois. It prefers sandy, gravely soils that drain well. The red pine tree (Pinus resinosa), also known as the Norway pine, is in the Pinaceae family. The pine trees can be identified by the number of needles (leaves) in each cluster. The red pine ordinarily grows to about 36 inches in diameter and 80 feet tall, although a specimen growing at at Itasca State Park in Minnesota is 38 inches in diameter and 126 feet tall. They transform to an intermediate stage by mid-July. Red pine (Pinus resinosa), also called Norway pine, might live to be more than 200 years old. elliottii, the slash pine most frequently encountered, and P. elliottii var. The barkis thick and gray-brown at the base of the tree, but thin, flaky and bright orange-red in the upper crown; the tree's name derives from this distinctive character. Some red color may be seen in the fissur… While the West Coast has taller trees, the eastern white pine is the biggest conifer native to eastern North America. The branches of mature red pines lead to a cone-shaped crown; the branches begin growing about two-thirds of the way up the trunk. The tree is often afflicted with red pine scale that sucks juice from its stems. The alternate common name of “Norway Pine” is somewhat mystifying, as the tree did not originate from Norway, and there’s no clear link with Norway. It grows rapidly, has a straight, clear trunk, and seems to thrive on a variety of soils. Red pine has fallen out of favor as an ornamental landscape plant and not recommended because of its susceptibility to insect and disease problems. However, those roughly 200 species in Pinaceae include not just pines, but firs, spruces, cedars, hemlocks and larches. The young scaly bark is an orange-red color, but as the bark matures and develops plates it becomes more red-brown. 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