The San Carlos Plain, part of the northern lowlands, was settled mainly after 1945, when roads were built that connected it with the Valle Central. The official language is Spanish, but there also pockets where BriBri, creole Mekatelyu as found by the Caribbean Coast in the Limon province,and English. For example, the country is cut by a massive chain of volcanoes spanning the entire landmass. Most of the remaining population is Protestant, the majority of whom live in Limón province. A capuchin monkey in Rincon de la Vieja National Park Interesting facts about Costa Rica and its people. In the 1940s, a small group of Guaymi returned to Costa Rica. Many Costa Ricans are bilingual since most of them work in tourism or customer service. Descendants of Africans in Limón province speak both Spanish and Limonese Creole, which resembles Jamaican English. The few high-rise buildings are located in this city centre. It’s also a term of affection. The popular beach of Whale Bay, or Bahía Ballena, … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels, Cartago, C.Rica. Since the beginnings of European colonization, the Valle Central has been the heartland of Costa Rica. The country has 96.3 percent literacy rate. There isn’t a Spanish dialect that is spoken in the country. For example, “Josito,” would be a man named Jose who may be small in stature, or “gatito” is a small cat. There’s some dispute over this, but some say it comes from the habit of Costa Ricans to attach the suffix “-tico” to words to denote that they are small. Facts about Costa Rica 9: the literacy rate. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. Costa Ricans replace the diminutive ending -tito with -tico (hence their nickname), a practice known elsewhere but uncommon in Central America. The official language in Costa Rica is Spanish, and basically, the entire population speaks it. Languages Of Costa Rica. Costa Rica has had no army since 1948. Which country claims "Waltzing Matilda" as their unofficial anthem? The language came into prominence after the arrival of the Spanish in the country. Following the bloody, … English and French are offered starting in elementary school. Roman Catholicism is the official religion, and it is supported with a small part of the national budget; however, the constitution of 1949 provides for freedom of religion. Costa Rica has a variety of terrains, including valleys and plains. Spanish in Costa Rica is spoken with a distinctive national accent and employs peculiar usages. Within differing indigenous communities, a variety of indigenous languages are used. The immigrants contributed to the foreign languages of Costa Rica. 1) Costa Ricans refer to themselves as Ticos (males) or Ticas (females). In the 1970s and ’80s more new roads brought additional expansion of agriculture and cattle grazing to this fertile area. Costa Rica’s pacific marine area reaches 625,000 km2, approximately 10 times larger than its land area of only 52,100 km2. Costa Ricans do not use the same Castillian Spanish that is spoken in Spain. • Costa Rica's ethnic breakdown is 94% European and mixed native-European, 3% African, 1% native and 1% Chinese. The Caribbean coast is the only place in Costa Rica where the main language is English. They were essential in the creation of the Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve. Costa Rica's official and predominant language is Spanish. An extremely small group of Mennonites lives in the Sarapiqui area, at the base of the Cordillera Volcánica. The Spanish conquest quickly drove two of these groups into the remote mountains of northern Panama. The variety spoken is Costa Rican Spanish, is a form of Central American Spanish. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. Such farms still prevail but had become less numerous by the second half of the 19th century, when Costa Rica started to export coffee beans. Get facts about Cook Islands here. Descendants of Africans in Limón province speak both Spanish and Limonese Creole, which resembles Jamaican English. Ticos are generally proud of their political freedoms and their relatively stable economy. Costa Rica is characterized by a very interesting geographical build. Costa Rica is a Central American country with a population of 4.5 million. They believe in education and healthcare and make it freely available to its people. The literacy rate in Costa Rica is an impressive 97%. Ticos, as the people of Costa Rica are called, use the phrase pura vida (“pure life”) in their everyday speech, as a greeting or to show appreciation for something. Costa Ricans claim that Dr. Clodomiro “Clorito” Picado discovered the properties of penicillin before … Costa Rica has just over 4.9 million people with a slow but steady … More Facts • Costa Rica's official languages are English and Creole. Spanish is the official language of Costa Rica. Slightly less than three-fourths of Costa Ricans are Roman Catholics. For example, instead of saying "blanquito"… Costa Rica Fact Sheet. The deaf community of the country uses the Costa Rican Sign Language. Here are 20 interesting and lesser known facts about Costa Rica… 1. A small Jewish community resides mostly in or near San José. There is no official military in Costa Rica. Cerro Chirripó is the highest mountain, with a height of 3820 meters. New disease-resistant varieties of bananas allowed reestablishment of the Caribbean plantations in the late 1950s, thus reviving the economy. Costa Ricans have the tendency to always quedar bien (be on the good side with everyone). Costa Rica’s official and predominant language is Spanish*. During the 20th century, Costa Rica’s settlement frontiers expanded outward rapidly from the Valle Central to incorporate peripheral areas, until virtually all the suitable lands in the country were settled and the spread of population effectively ended. It shows indigenous origins and Spanish colonial influence, with a peppery splash of other immigrant cultures thrown in the stew such as Jamaican and Chinese. A transplanted community of Quakers from the U.S. state of Alabama moved to Costa Rica in the 1950s and founded the town of Monteverde. These indigenous Costa Rica languages are: Cabécar language: It is spoken by the people of the Talamanca mountain range and the Southern Pacific region. 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